WORKFORCE gender, ethnic group, age, personality, tenure,

WORKFORCEDIVERSITY: -1)Whatis Workplace Diversity? TheCEO of the Fortune 500 believed that workforce diversity is basically a vitalbusiness imperative (Gilbert and Ivancevich,2000). Since Diversity indicateadmittance of all the groups at different levels in an esteemed Organization.Therefore, Handling Diversity expertly has become a day to day issue and utmostchallenging task for all the Organization throughout the entire world regardlessabout the structure of the organization. Hence, efficiently managing diversityissues and other necessity activities such as recruitment, Selecting the rightperson for the right job and training of the employees is very much vital foran organization growth and development. This cultural diversity can add valueand if it can be effectively used in the proper context can contribute in anorganization competitive advantage(Orlando,2000). But then most of theorganization do not pay much attention to the diversity at the workplace.

so,its implications for useful administration, use of workers, individuals andgroups(Stone,2002). Workforce Diversity is also known as Workplace Diversityrefers to the extent to which an organization is culturally diverse. It isbasically an array of differences between people in an organization, thesediversities encompass race, gender, ethnic group, age, personality, tenure, education,organizational function, background and more.

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There is no decisive definitionof diversity. However (Cox,2001) define diversity as “the variation of socialand cultural identities among people existing together in a defined employmentor market setting”. Through this article the author tries to define Diversityin a work place or in an esteemed business organisation exist through socialsuch as different religion and cultural such as their own cultural, dressingsense, way of talking, food habits etc.(Thomas,1995) agreed that Diversity doesnot related directly to “Race and Gender” and describes diversity as notsynonymous with differences but encompasses differences and similarities.

2)Types of Diversity in a Workplace-Thereare a lot of diversities found in an organization. They are as such-2.1)Age2.2)Race and Ethnicity2.3)Gender2.4)Sexual Orientation2.5)Religion2.

6)Disability/Abilities2.7)Personality2.8)Education level2.9)Life ExperienceHowever (Griggs,1995) offers another classification ofDiversity. The author classified diversity into Primary and secondary dimensions.

Primary dimensions are basically those which are hard to change, these arebasically the human differences which are inborn, or which is having animportant impact on our socialization and crucial ongoing impact throughout ourlives. Primarydiversity sets our basic self-image and has great influence on how we view theworld. The secondary dimensions of diversity are those that can be changed, butare not limited to such as educational background, geographic location, income,marital status, religious beliefs, and work experience.

(Norton and Fox,1997)argue that diversity in employees and changes within the organization areheavily linked with each other and these two elements have rarely beenintegrated adequately to meet the need of today`s fast paced economy worldwide.


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