With society changes, process of the amendments
With regards to the constitutionthere are many different viewpoints that are held. I personally identify withthe liberal viewpoint on the constitution.
Unlike the conservatives, theliberals follow in the footsteps of the federalists from the 1780’s, believingthat the role of government is highly beneficial to society and welcoming thechanges that government has made in improving the lives of citizens, especiallythose who are in a minority and venerable within society. Due to the restrictionsthat the constitution has over the expansion of the federal government, theliberals aren’t perhaps aligned with the constitution because the follow a farmore federal view than other viewpoints that would perhaps fit more so. Liberalsemphasise on the parts of the constitution that allow for every American to bepart of an equal society, such as the 13th,14th, and 15thamendments to the constitution that gave more rights to African Americans, aswell as the 19th amendment that gave women an equal right to vote.
Particular parts of theconstitution can be argued to support liberalist ideology. The amendmentprocess in the constitution can be seen to be supporting the ideology ofliberalism. The amendment process in the constitution of flexible, and allowsfor change as the times develop. While it can be continually modernised as thesociety changes, process of the amendments ensures that amendments cannot bemade to restrict the rights of Americans, once again supporting the liberalistideas as it protects the basic human rights. The flexibility of theconstitution strengthens it as allows for the constitution to change as the US develops.
For example, the amendments passed as the beginning of the African Americancivil rights movement made the document more fitting for the way that the USwas developing. The constitution is based on a set of check and balances whichsupports the liberal viewpoint as they believe that the checks and balancessystem will prevent tyrannical leaders or dictators from coming into power orleaders restricting the rights of the American citizens. The system of checksand balances can be seen as a reason for the constitution surviving as long asit has. With this system in place itstrengthens the constitution and allows for a stronger government that focuseson democracy, which is the original intention of Founding Fathers when theycame up with the constitution. Thanks to the constitution, the Supreme Courthas the ability to protect citizen rights and enforce human rights. One exampleof this is the Hamdan v. Rumsfield in 2006 where the Supreme Court ruled thattrials of suspected Al Qaeda members at Guantanamo Bay as unconstitutional. Theconstitution is further strengthened by the fact it is codified.
This meansthat it gives clarity over important issues and there for can be seen as ahigher law, one that remains important to the society that they live in andremains as a strong guidance for the way things should be run in the US.Although parts of theconstitution support the liberal viewpoint, there are clear aspects of thedocument that goes against liberalist ideas. Although the amendment process canbe argued to support the liberal ideas, as it is somewhat flexible, the longand drawn out process of amending the constitution goes against what liberalsbelieve. Liberals believe that the constitution should be a ‘living document’that as the society of the US changes, it does too. However because of itsdifficulty to be changed, with only 27 amendments being passed in 230 years, itgoes against their views. This may explain why the constitution has survivedfor as long as it has. It is essentially the same document that it was when itwas originally written because of how hard it is to change it.
If it wereeasier to change it is likely that the constitution would no longer remain tothis day. Its difficulty in being changed means the American people have becomededicated to the constitution and therefore continue to carry out the wishes ofthe Founding Fathers. As liberalsstrongly support the increased role of the federal government, theconstitutions emphasis on a limited government through the separation of powersgoes against the liberal view as their main belief is not supported within theconstitution. The US uses federalism as theirsystem of government. The use of the federal system allows for each of the 50states to have power alongside the national government, rather then it allbeing decided by the national government. Liberals are seen as heirs of theoriginal federalists, believing that there should be more power for thenational government in order for more nationwide regulations to be put in placeas well as services such as the Affordable Care Act which Obama signed into lawin 2010.
Although the constitution allows for a federalist government system,it limits the liberal ideas of a larger national government as it clearly setsout the roles and powers in which the US federal government should have, notallowing for the expansion of the government that liberals would prefer to see.Due to restrictions that the constitution places on the government, Rooseveltwas restricted in his implementation of his alphabet agencies due to theCommerce Clause. Federalism can be seen to be a reason as to why the USconstitution has survived for 230 years because it is suited for the evergrowing population as well as the diversity that is among its citizens. Theconstitution ensures that each state is taken into consideration with regardsto policy, allowing the states a certain sense of independence andresponsibility that keeps them loyal to the constitution for as long as theyhave.
If the states had little or no power due to the constitution it is likelythey would be highly unsatisfied with it. Each state is very different from thenext and if they weren’t able to protect their own views on particular issuesthe states would see that the constitution is taking away their beliefs.