Undoubtedly, there will always be subjects of controversy. One example is whether smoking should be banned or not. Some people completely object to the idea of smoking and think that it should be banned. They believe that the negatives of smoking far outweigh the positives. On the other end of the continuum are the people who think that smoking is an individual’s choice that should not be restricted or banned in any way. Those people who wish to keep smoking legal argue that banning it is infringing on Canadians freedom of choice.
Smoking has both negatives and benefits but it should be banned from Canada as the negatives of smoking are far greater than the benefits. Smoking should be banned because of its high societal cost. Smokers cause financial burdens on the rest of society such as the cost of health care. In Canada the government spends $3 billion dollars each year on smoking related healthcare. In 2002 according to World Bank, tobacco use cost Canadians $4. 4 billion directly on healthcare. Alberta Health Services states that “all Canadians are forced to absorb costs such as worker absenteeism, fires, and lost income due to premature death. It is estimated to cost over 12 billion a year to cover these expenses. These statistics show how largely smokers impose financial burdens on Canadian citizens. Canadians should not have to pay for any of the expenditures listed above as there is a warning on each package of cigarettes about the risks involved with this activity. Smoking should be banned from Canada because of the high societal cost it imposes on Canadian citizens. Secondly, smoking impacts more than the smoker. It impacts anyone surrounding them.
Breathing in second-hand smoke can affect a person the same way it would if that person smoked, though sometime the effects are worse. Some people that have never touched a cigarette in their life die from a smoke related cause. In Canada, second-hand smoke kills over 1,000 people who do not smoke and in the world it takes the lives of 600,000 people annually. This is a high price to pay. Passive smoking or second-hand smoking is also commonly associated with lung cancer in adults and asthma in children. It can increase the risk of breast cancer, nasal sinus cavity cancer, lung cancer… the list goes on.
The effect that second-hand smoke has on people is horrendous but the result it has on children is even more. Children exposed to second hand smoke can suffer from asthma attacks, respiratory diseases, infections, colds, bronchitis and more. Smoking causes harm to more people than just the smokers. It is an atrocity that some people have to pay the high price of poor health so that other citizens are able to continue their smoking addiction. Thus, smoking should be banned from Canada. Not all products of smoking are negative; there are a few slight benefits to smoking.
Smokers are less likely to need knee replacement surgery as shown from a study by a University if Adelaide Australia. It is more likely for runners and the obese to need knee replacements as smokers rarely jog and are less likely to become obese. When a person smokes it becomes more difficult to do any form of physical activity as smoking deteriorates their oxygen levels due to high carbon dioxide levels entering the smoker’s body. So while smokers are more likely to avoid getting knee replacements they have to deal with many other forms of health problems.
Smokers also have a lower risk of obesity as nicotine is an appetite suppressant and triggers behavior modifications to snack less. Smoking has been known to cause food to become less tasty which further lessons a person’s appetite. Although smoking does have some benefits, no respectable doctor would prescribe smoking as a treatment to help with weight control. This is because of the enormous list of negative effects smoking has on a person’s body. It can be concluded that although smoking has some positives, the consequences of smoking are far too risky.
Therefore, Canada should ban smoking. Smoking has large ramifications on innocent neonatal infants. Nicotine from smoking during neonatal development narrows the uterine blood vessels, reducing the amount of blood received by the fetus, stunting his growth. Smoking while pregnant also puts carbon dioxide into the blood that nourishes the baby. This has a smothering effect on the defenseless little one. Putting innocent babies’ health at risk should be a felony; one that could be stopped by banning smoking.
Lastly, smoking while pregnant affects not only your baby while in utero, it also affects them into their childhood years. A child, whose mother smoked half a pack a day while pregnant with him, is 3 times more likely to have a mucus blocked airway and suffer from apnea episodes. These children are also 25% more likely to have a learning disability. Women who smoke while pregnant run the risk of exposing their child to SIDS (Sudden Infant Death Syndrome), infections, colds, asthma, bronchitis, impaired lung functions and much more.
In Canada there are 180-270 children that die annually from SIDS due to exposure to smoke. Babies and children are defenseless to the environment their parents put them in. By allowing parents, especially expectant mothers, to smoke we are condoning the abuse of the little miracles God gave us. For the sake of the defenseless, smoking should be banned in Cananda. Although there are some benefits to smoking there is no comparison to the long list of negatives. Smoking impacts the lives of not only the smoker, but those around them. Economically, smoking burdens the healthcare system and the taxpayers.
Through second-hand smoke innocent lives are put at risk. Benefits received from smoking are few and are countered by the overwhelming negatives that smoking causes. Smoking while pregnant is abusive towards the baby as it is defenseless against the health problems smoking may bring upon him. The effects also continue on into childhood in which the child faces health issues. The preventable diseases brought by smoking could be largely reduced through banning smoking. Canada should therefore, ban smoking to prevent these issues from arising.
http://thechart. logs. cnn. com/2010/11/26/secondhand-smoke-kills-600000-worldwide-annually/ http://www. albertahealthservices. ca/2498. asp http://www. askdrsears. com/topics/child-rearing-and-development/bringing-baby-home/how-smoking-harms-babies/how http://www. lilith-ezine. com/articles/health/Smoking-in-Canada. html http://www. statcan. gc. ca/pub/82-625-x/2011001/article/11460-eng. htm http://www. cancer. gov/cancertopics/factsheet/Tobacco/ETS http://www. livescience. com/15115-5-health-benefits-smoking-disease. html http://www. healthlinkbc. ca/healthfiles/hfile30a. stm