What Is Human Services? Essay
This paper will examine the nature and purpose of human services professional and their practices. It will include the history of the human services field, the goal of human service professionals, the common intervention strategies used by human services professional, and the ethical considerations human service professionals must adhere too.
Human services or human services professionals can be defined as people who help or assist others, such as individuals, families, groups, or communities cope with everyday stresses, trauma, natural disasters, or the medically challenged. Human service professions help people get passed the issues or barriers that arise these issue and barriers do not allow for these people or groups of people to be self sufficient and lead a productive life, but with enough help they can overcome the barriers and lead healthy and productive lives.
The Human service profession includes many fields of work including counselors who help people or groups of people talk and overcome their issues, advocates who defend the client’s rights, case workers who assess and make arrangements for the treatment plan or services the person will need, and behavioral specialists who help change the wrong behaviors of the patient or client. This is just a small list of fields that a human services professional could be involved with.
Throughout history mental illness was cause for great fears amongst communities, people who had a family member with a mental or physical disability would have them condemned. Most times if a person had mental or physical disabilities they were thought to be consumed by the devil. Many people or children with any form of a disability were taken and left at facilities and often forgotten. They would live there whole life there and many were abused and mistreated.
Attitudes have changed over the years and now most people have more appreciation for human differences. Instead of locking away people with mental and physical disabilities they are taught how to take care of themselves and lead normal lives. Many people with disabilities can live independently and care for their basic and social needs. According to the Journal of Workplace Behavioral Health (2009), “the period following the Great Depression was simultaneously a period of development and expansion of human service programs. Two major legislation acts took affect during this time, the first being the Social Security Act of 1935; this act implemented pensions for the elderly, money help for the unemployed, and other public assistance to the poor and disabled. The second act was the National Labor Relations Act, which allowed there to be organized labor. With organized labor came more job security and prohibited employers from many unfair labor practices. Human service professionals possess the goals of enabling human people to overcome the barriers or issues that are keeping them from leading normal productive lives.
These professional want people to be able to live healthy, prosperous, and productive lives. Human service professionals work both on the preventative services and the recovery services of people. They teach people or groups of people how pick life choices that will beneficial to them and that will help them remain in control of their own lives; teaching them that certain activities can lead them down the wrong path and make their lives be unproductive. Human service professionals also help people who have mental issues or that have chosen to follow bad path in their lives so far, to overcome these obstacles and regain their lives.
They help them recover from whatever barriers that are in the way of them becoming productive citizens. Intervention strategies are techniques or procedures used by human service professionals to help a client or patient change their unwanted behaviors. Some intervention strategies used by the human services professionals include using attention as the controlling variable, in which the client is ignored and isolated from friends, family, and peers when they are behaving in a way that is unacceptable.
Another intervention strategy is the use of access to preferred items or activities, such as of the clients want something they must earn it with the use of good behaviors or completing the task they were supposed to have done. Human service professionals can use control as another form of intervention. When using control you offer the client choices from which they must pick from, they do not have free range to choice anything but they have the choice from a list. Human service professional must use good ethical choices when working with clients and patients.
Sometimes it can be hard to separate ethical stands from emotions and feelings. Many times these professionals have a set of rules provided by their employers in which they must follow these are usually located in their company’s mission statement and employee handbook, but there are also rules that are known by most people. These rules can include not indulging in relationships between the professional and the client or patient, not bringing the client or patients in to the professional’s life and family, and keeping the client or patients information confidential and not sharing it with other people.
A human service professional must practice their profession with integrity and dignity at all times. In conclusion Human service professions have changed over the last few hundred years. Children and adults are no longer treated like second class citizens and locked away because they have mental or physical disabilities. Human service professional of today have the goals of actually helping people or groups of people overcome issues and barriers that are in the way of them leading normal productive lives.
They help communities that have been hit with natural disaster to rebuild and become prosperous again. Human service professionals need to always make good ethical choices and must show they have integrity and dignity at all times.
Rosenberg, J. (2009). Organized Labor’s Contribution to the Human Services: Lessons from the Past and Strategies for the Future. Journal of Workplace Behavioral Health, 24(1/2), 113-124. doi:10. 1080/15555240902849057