Transportation in the 1800s Essay
Jessica Acevedo History 1302 October 10, 2012 Norman. Love It fascinates me how the human mind has developed from the beginning of time, till now. I mean technology itself has transformed the word. New inventions are created each day, improving machines, and almost everything.
Throughout history people have created things that have made life easier. Transportation has always been very important. It has been a huge part of history. Of course like every other resource it had its pros and cons. Automobiles, airplanes, boats, and trains during the 1800s were all being invented.Before life was harsh nothing was simple as today. For example sending a letter to someone or trying to communicate with someone would take weeks even months. Today you could just send an email and it will be delivered in seconds.
Things were mostly made by hand, and people really had to work hard through these times. Good thing intelligence has always existed and we have great inventors who created things that made things easier and of course as technology advanced, so did society. The truth is that technology has taken control over our life. During the 1800s things were not as easy as they are today.
Back then due to lack of transportation, people did not have the means to live as we do now. Traveling was difficult. It took weeks, even months for things to reach to their destiny because transportation was barely developing. By 1865 there existed four basic types of transportation. People either walked or ran from a certain place to another, Vehicles did exist such as the Sedan Chairs, in which the individual was pulled or carried by someone else. Carriers such as riding an animal or riding in a cart, wagon pulled by one or more animals.
Mainly animals like horses, mules, and donkeys.Since railroads during this time were a major form of land transportation for long distances, it allowed people to travel quickly from city to city in a short amount of time. The thing was that there only existed locomotives that were steam powered, which required a supply of either lumber or coal, also a supply of water to keep moving. Traveling by water meant having to swim, or ride some sort of water crafts such as sail boats, row boats, ships, or canoes to name a few. Of course rafts were still commonly used to cross rivers and wide streams. They used this as an advantage to haul cargo.Steamboats took huge parts in moving people and cargo up and down major rivers.
They also required fuel and water in order to function. Barges on the other hand either had to pull by an animal, steamboat or pulled by hand. As technology advanced later that time the first type of automobile was invented. The Baushke family prominent citizens in Benton Harbor, Michigan built America’s first 4-wheel and 5 seat cars in 1894.
The Baushke automobile referred to as an “autymobile” because it was built in Benton Harbor as an experimental investment idea.It was definitely successful. Albert and Louis Baushke were the brothers who for many years made the finest wagons, and buggies. Albert was responsible for the ironwork and Louis the woodwork. An inventor and engineer who worked at the Steam Pump Factory, was engaged on collaborating on an explosive gas engine. If this invention was successful they were offered quite a lot of money from Europe. The brothers showed the world their creation.
The machine was powered by a 7. 5 horsepower gasoline engine, a friction drive, and could travel a speed of 23. 5 mph. ruly ahead of its time; the baushkes had the engine concealed from view under the seat with neither the chain drive nor the gearing visible. In fact, the vehicle gave general appearance of any other wagon seen on the streets, but of course, with no horse needed. The obviously needed time to perfect their invention, it had several details that had to be worked on. Sadly they were not the only ones with this idea, when the engineer took the idea to Kokomo, Indiana where there he helped develop the Haynes machine, which later was proclaimed as the first automobile leaving out the Benton Harbor Baushke brothers.
Another great invention of transportation during this time was the train. America’s first train was invented by George Stephenson in 1822, and by 1825 the train was the first locomotive. Obviously everything at this time was made by hand, and every part of this engine had to be hammered into shape just like a horseshoe. John Thorswall, a coalmine blacksmith, was George’s assistant. The invention of George was very important in America because it allowed transportation from place to place in a quicker time. This boosted the economy by helping distribute many goods all around the country.Even letters were being delivered faster, so communication was increasing. Let us not forget a huge transportation invention that came during the 19th century, the airplane.
The airplane was invented by Orville and Wilbur Wright on December of 1903. The founders were also brothers, and they invented the first successful object which a machine carried a man rose by its own power. It had speed, descended without damage and flew naturally. As time passed the brothers perfected their idea and they were able to achieve the recognition of building a great transportation machine, the airplane.Over time our world has changed dramatically, in good ways and bad. Cars have become something more than just machines; they are become very sophisticated; a car can represent who you are. Every single inventor that I mentioned above has certainly marked and influenced our present and future.
Thanks to these inventions our lives have become easier. Automobiles are one of the most important and prominent inventions possibly ever created. Without automobiles our lives would be completely changed and different.Automobiles changed the way people traveled and lived.
Without cars there would be no drive-ins, drive-thru fast food restaurants, and shopping centers. People depend on their cars whether they’re earning their living, or traveling. The United States is the leading producer of automobiles and is often called the “Nation on Wheels. ” The U. S has become very dependent on cars for transportation. Not only cars have improved, technology has made better trains, planes, and is creating even more ways for transportation.