Civil War Successful? Essay, Research Paper
Reconstruction was successful politically in its efforts to work out the jobs of how to cover with the freshly freed slaves and how to convey the seceded provinces back into the Union after the Civil War ; nevertheless, many of these methods were unsuccessful or had no consequence socially or economically. Some solutions determined by Reconstruction included: the transition of the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments ; the Freedmen? s Bureau ; the Reconstruction Act of 1837, the Civil Rights Act, and the Enforcement Act of 1870.
In 1865, Congress ratified the Thirteenth Amendment, which stated that? Neither bondage nor nonvoluntary servitude, except as a penalty for offense whereof the party shall hold been punctually convicted, shall be within the United States. ? Simply put, the Thirteenth Amendment abolished bondage. The transition of this amendment was successful politically ; nevertheless, many provinces did non readily implement this jurisprudence. Many even passed prejudiced Torahs known as black codifications. These Torahs were seen by Republicans as the drive vehicle for the reconstitution of the Democratic Party in the South. The black codifications placed legion limitations on African-Americans including the prohibition of inkinesss to transport arms, serve on juries, attest against Whites, marry Whites, start their ain concerns, and travel without licenses.
The Thirteenth Amendment allowed for the freedom of African-Americans, but they were far from equal. However, with the aid of the Freedmen? s Bureau, former slaves began to slowly pull themselves back up. The Freedmen? s Bureau was created by Congress merely before the war to assistance refugees, freedwomans, and Southerners who had been uprooted by the Civil War by supplying supplies and medical services, set uping schools, administering vesture, and much more. Although the Freedmen? s Bureau lasted merely a short clip, it did win in set uping and helping legion educational establishments including Howard University and Hampton Institute. The Bureau besides succeeded in supplying work for households who needed it the most. Congress voted in February of 1866 for the continuance of the Bureau. This jurisprudence was really successful in using and helping many of the freed slaves after the war. It most decidedly was a successful solution to one of the chief jobs after the war? how to cover with the freshly freed slaves.
Because of the acutely implemented Thirteenth Amendment, Congress subsequently passed the Civil Rights Act of 1866 and the Fourteenth Amendment. The Civil Rights Act extended citizenship to? all individuals born in the United States and non capable to any foreign power? of every race and colour, without respect to any
old status of bondage or nonvoluntary servitude. ? It besides forbade provinces from go throughing prejudiced Torahs like the black codifications. The Fourteenth Amendment, passed to reenforce and repeat the Thirteenth Amendment, made? all individuals born or naturalized in the United States? citizens of the state. Everyone, irrespective of colour, was entitled to equal protection of the jurisprudence and the provinces were enjoined from go againsting the rights of citizens to life, autonomy, belongings, and equal protection of Torahs.
To protect the civil rights of African-Americans, Congress passed the Reconstruction Act of 1867. This act allowed former Confederate provinces to reenter the Union if they agreed to sign the Fourteenth Amendment and allow Afro-american work forces the right to vote in their new province fundamental laws. The act besides divided the 10 former Confederate provinces into five military territories, each headed by a Union general to guarantee the Torahs were carried through. This act was really successful non merely because it allowed former Confederate provinces to peacefully reenter the Union, but because it protected the civil rights of African-Americans and allowed them to put to death their ballots. As a consequence of this act, all staying Confederate provinces agreed to put Forth footings and were reentered into the Union by 1870.
After the startup of Ulysses Grant, Republicans introduced the Fifteenth Amendment in fright that pro-Confederate Southern Whites would seek to put bounds on black right to vote. This amendment stated that no 1 could be kept from voting because of? race, colour, or old status of servitude. ? However, the Fifteenth Amendment did non win in doing it possible for qualified African-Americans to exert their right to vote. Therefore, the Enforcement Acts of 1870 and 1871 were enacted to protect the vote rights of African-Americans and give the federal authorities power to implement the Fifteenth Amendment.
In the face of force from groups such as the Ku Klux Klan, the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments provided no protection for the Afro-american citizen. These amendments were unimpeachably positive, but they were non needfully enacted. The South still found ways to maintain inkinesss from exerting their civil rights, which included the above mentioned black codifications and racialist groups like the Ku Klux Klan.
Overall, Reconstruction succeeded politically in its efforts to work out the jobs of how to cover with the freshly freed slaves and how to convey the seceded provinces back into the Union. Many of these methods were unsuccessful or had no consequence at all socially or economically because of the South? s continuity to stay Democratic mentally and politically.