Throughout Through Jackson’s political campaigns prior to
Throughout the Jackson Administration, his certain actions brought a larger presence of Democracy into politics and society in America. With the end of the war of 1812, there was a growth in population creating a prosperous nation, leading to the people taking more of a role in politics. In the presidential election of 1828, the majority of the population voted Andrew Jackson, a popular war hero of the battle of New Orleans, into office.
Andrew Jackson’s background of coming from the lower class and battling in the War of 1812, created his controversial views on supporting the ‘common man’ and their role in government. This decision to vote Jackson into office brought his views on the people’s role in the government which would lead the nation into an era where Democracy would become more prevalent. Through the actions made by the Jacksonian administration, he expanded men’s voting rights to all white males who were financially stable as well as made financial changes with the Bank creating social equality.
Although the rise of Jackson brought a highly criticized turn in politics, throughout his administration, there was a significant democratic movement with changes in the presidential campaigning encouraging the rise of the ‘common man’, expansion of men’s voting rights, and financial reformations promoting social equality. With this movement came a change in American politics that changed the country throughout the 1830’s. Through Jackson’s political campaigns prior to his election in 1828, he brought forth and encouraged the rise of the ‘common man.’ Through ‘Jackson’s presidential campaign posters (1828)’ he portrayed himself as a “Man of the people” and “Old Hickory” which caused him to triumph over the more aristocratic system as he was a man who came from a lower class background and supported the everyday common citizen. This belief of being a ‘man of the people strongly propelled his campaign because the lower class working citizens wanted someone who stood for them (Doc 1). The intended audience of his presidential campaign posters were the American public in 1828.
The intent was to promote the era of the ‘common man’ and Jackson’s campaign so the working, common citizen would vote for him as he came from a similar background (Doc 1). Shaping presidential campaigns for years to come, during Jackson’s campaign in 1828, he relied on mudslinging against his rival, John Adams who Jackson had accused of spending federal funds on gambling. Jackson saw Adams abusing his presidency as the upper class was spending money earned by common people. These views were similar in The Working Men’s Party, in their “Declaration of Independence” when they declared that it is the people’s responsibility to reform the abuses of the government in order to have equal rights for the working citizen (Doc 2). Although during Jackson’s presidency his abuses of power included his use of the ‘spoils system’ where he inserted non-federally employed citizens in the government, however, this system promoted his belief of the common people involved in government which later encouraged Democracy. Jacksons campaigning to encourage the ‘common man’ represented a turn in Democracy which differed from the presidents before him.During Jackson’s presidency, he expanded voting rights which changed American Democracy in the early 1830’s. As an observer of Democracy, Alexis de Tocqueville indicates in his book “Democracy in America”that because the citizens of America directly elect their own representatives, they can express their opinions and interests through the representatives, which then influences Democracy because this system puts more of an emphasis on the people (Doc 5).
During this time, Jackson was expanding voting rights to all white males as in previous years those able to vote had to have wealth and own land. The “Democracy in America” from 1835 relates to the time period because at that time the Jacksonian administration was in the middle of expanding men’s voting rights and putting the values of the population or the ‘common man’ first. Jackson did this by electing state judges and representatives to reflect the people’s opinions (Doc 5). However, through the Acts and Resolutions of South Carolina in 1835, they asked for the suppression of slavery abolitionist movements and forbid the United States postal service from transporting undisclosed documents which illustrated white male dominance occurring because of expanded voting rights (Doc 6). Pertaining to white male dominance, the Trail of Tears in 1838 occurred when Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act.
This Act pushed the Indians out of Georgia even though the Cherokee vs. Georgia court case established that though the Indian tribes have no federal courts, they’re are not a foreign nation and still have a right to their land. The Indians were forced out Georgia due to this act and this illustrated white male dominance as the whites wanted more land and resources.
Although white male superiority occurred, it was apparent that because of expanded voting rights, they could freely express their opinions and expand the country. Through Jacksons time in office, he worked to improve American Democracy through expansion of voting rights.The changes made by Jackson’s administration showed a financial turning point throughout the United States, especially when he decided to veto the proposal to renew the National Bank to create equality. In his Veto Message of 1832, Jackson made it clear that the decision to veto the proposal to restore the National Bank charter was based on his fear of the future monopoly it would become and how it would harm the states.
He also blamed the National Bank for the failure of state banks to progress throughout the country (Doc 3). The purpose of Andrew Jackson’s veto message in 1832 was to justify why he thought the Bank was harmful to the economy. It was created at the time as Jackson had used his power to deem the Bank unnecessary and further destroy it (Doc 3). The destruction of the Bank, however, was partly due to Jackson’s and Clays ensuing “Bank War” and his hatred towards Nicholas Biddle, the president of the Bank. The 1833 “Order for Removal” cartoon illustrates Jackson vetoing the Bank charter in front of devils who are representing bank officials. This cartoon is portraying Jackson and his decision to veto the bank as valiant as he put an end to the evil Nicholas Biddle and his monopoly (Doc 4).
Jackson thought that the state’s money shouldn’t be concentrated in one single institution, as it favored higher class citizens rather than average ‘common man’ and by destroying it, it promoted equality as the money was into individual state banks or ‘pet banks.’ Andrew Jackson, previous president of the United States, was a strong critic of the National Bank. This belief affected his writing as he reiterated that the Bank was a monopoly and how harmful to people’s liberties it was (Doc 7). These financial reformations represented a change in economic equality, strengthening Democracy.Through Jackson’s administration, he brought a significant movement of Democracy through the government with presidential campaigning encouraging the rise of the ‘common man’, expanding men’s voting rights, and making financial reformations promoting social equality. Jackson’s influence on the views on the ‘common man’ established the campaigning of most presidential candidates. Much like Andrew Jackson, Abraham Lincoln is an example of a man who won the presidency through appealing to the ‘common man’ and he later leads to the expansion of Democracy with the abolishment of slavery in 1865. Lincoln, elected in 1860, won the support of the American people through his significant debates with a Democratic candidate, Stephen A.
Douglass a few years prior. The debates transformed Abraham Lincoln into a National figure, much like when Jackson had won the hearts of the Americans with his connection with them. Andrew Jackson’s beliefs and what he accomplished throughout his administration would shape Democracy for years to come.