Iycee Charles de Gaulle Summary This related to the focus of the

This related to the focus of the

This arcticle is taken form the Journal Of Emergency
Nursing            Volume 40, Issue 1
January 2014


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The writing style of this article is easily
understandable and easily readable. No spelling mistakes and grammatical issues
are noted in the article. But short abbreviation are identified that are really
difficulty to understood for the reader and for the novice person . According
to Steve 2015 Use simple words to
explain what is meant. Imagine trying to explain the concept to a layperson.
Don’t use technical or statistical jargon. If you find you about to write or
type a word you wouldn’t use in every day conversation, stop and simplify. Use
short sentences containing only one idea in each. Split complex sentences. Cut
unnecessary information elements and only include those data which relate to
the point of your paper. Do not include data just because you collected them.
If it is an interesting result, but is not directly related to the focus of the
paper, it should not be included in the paper.


This study was conducted by 3 authors and the
leading author is Joanne T. Moceri. The name of the authors are Joanne T,
Moceri   PhD, RN and Denise J . Drevdahi,
PhD , RN University of Washington Tacoma. The leady author was Joanne  T. The author must be PhD and other co
relaters are must be graduated and significant knowledge about research and
must be aware of all the research process (Trent University, 2017)


The title of the article consists of 10 words and
name of the article is Nurses Knowledge and Attitude toward Pain in the
Emergency Department. The title page of the article cleared the content and the
result and also clarifies where the research was conducted. The title page also
include that the author information and institute affiliation (Epi Result 2015)


The Abstract of this study was clearly describing
the short picture of the study. The introduction describe the purpose of the study,
in methodology describe the study design, sample size is about 91 nurse and
tool of the study was questionnaire, and further description in the results and
discussion. According to guide line 200-300 words used in abstract and keys
words also documented in the abstract. According to
Epi Result, 2014 the abstract must about 200-300 words and summarize the all
concerned aspects of the study and all the section like introduction, method
,result, discussion must be consist of 2-3 sentences but the  results required more lines. The another major
aspect is that don’t mention the references in the abstract.

Purpose/Research problem:

The problem is clearly  and concisely defined in this research article
and the purpose of this study was to assess the knowledge and attitude of the
nurses in the emergency department and their significance about the patient
assessment .This article explored emergency nurses understanding of pain and
medication used for the treatment of the pain. The good thing in this article
was that author is using general to specific considerations. According to literature
study the nature of the problem should be concise and of the size,problem
severity and use context form general to specific((Epi Result 2015)


This article written in logical manner and follow
the all steps by the author .Three steps conceptual frame work, Design
structure and Analysis structure are presented in the article step by step that
is good thing in article.But the citation are not given properl;y on number
given and references are also not according to alphabet manner. According to literature
study for each research study three steps must be considered like Conceptual
structure, Design structure and Analysis structure (Hinshaw 1997)


The literature review support and guided the study
in very effective manner .All the references not more than 10-20years.Citaitions
are not written properly only numbers are given and references are also not
given in alphabet manners. The study analysis also supports the study
equilibrium and fully supports the study. According to literature review the literature
study provide the new and old study gaps and interpretations, Also helping top resolving
the previous study conflicts and problems,It also identify to prevent
duplication of effort ,provide new ways to discussed prior research, Locate your own research within the context of existing literature(Sage



The theoretical literature review
helps to establish what theories already exist, the relationships between them,
to what degree the existing theories have been investigated, and to develop new
hypotheses to be tested. Often this form is used to help establish a lack of
appropriate theories or reveal that current theories are inadequate for
explaining new or emerging research problems. The unit of analysis can focus on
a theoretical concept or a whole theory or framework.(Sage 2014)

The theoretical frame work is not
well organized ,acknowledge and justify the study that is on the staff attitude
and knowledge regarding pain in emergency units because no previous studies
results mentioned in this study to discuss with previous results.



The purpose of this study was to assess the
knowledge and attitude of the nurses about pain in emergency rooms. The
questions used in this used was that to explored the emergency nurses
understanding of pain and what medications are used to treat the pain ? Nurse
assessment about pain level and opioid dosage. All these context are clearly
understandable and interlink with each other and also related with literature. The
 hypotheses well supported by the literature


The target populations are clearly identified in
this article and the target populations are nurses.the majority of the
participants are white about 75.6% and their experiences are about 5-6 years. The
participants are selected form emergency department  and inclusion peoples are nurses and physicians
and exclusive people are rest of the people of emergency department. The sample
is adequate and inclusion/exclusion criteria is well identified


The participants are fully informed about the
research process and involved in this process. Nature of the process also discussed
with participants. The confidentiality and privacy of the participants are also
guaranteed and consent sign from the people participant in the research. The permission
from ethical committee is taken for this research process .The participants are
protected from harm no any harm occur or happened with this study to no RN belongs
to different races. According to literature review
the study been approved by an ethics committee to prevent from the further
consequences and informed consent has been also taken from the participants. (EPI Results 2014)