The to Congress. Finally, they had the

The Articles of Confederation were subject to harsh criticismfor the reason that it put all power in the hands of state governments, whilethe national government was left with relatively much less power. In oppositionto the unicameral system established by the Articles of Confederation, thenewer US Constitution progenerated our current bicameral system of governance, thesystem which currently divides our legislature into separate upper and lowerhouses. An additional difference between the two was in regards to the numberof votes each state would receive.

Found in the Articles was the provision ofone vote for each state with no thought payed to its population, the USConstitution introduced into law the notion of one vote per representative ofthat state.    One of the biggest problems with the Articles ofConfederation was its limiting power of the state. This left the congress withoutthe power to levy taxes.

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All authority was left to the states in this regard, asthe federal government had no power of national economic affairs. Congress hadno power to tax, no means by which to regulate trade, and the process to changeany of the articles was too difficult to address their problems. The Constitutionon the other hand vested far more power to Congress. Finally, they had thepower to tax, to lend money, and control commerce and fund a national army.This new federal power came at the expense of the state’s governments power, thestates no longer being able to issue their own money or tariff each other.  In comparison to Articles of Confederation, the Constitution put farmore power into the central government, but it ended up separating these powersbetween 3 branches. Under the Constitution, A president is elected who leads theexecutive branch, and appoints all sorts of people in not only his own cabinetbut also those in the Judicial branch. The president is the supreme commanderof the United States armed forces.

For bills to be enacted into law, thepresident’s approval is required. A legislative branch was also created underthe constitution.(checks and balances below)1.

The President can veto any legislation put on his desk2.The Legislative Branch can override the presidents vetowith a large enough majority3.The Judiciary can hear cases on the constitutionality ofthe the other two branches actions 4.The president appoints judges in the judiciary5.The Legislative Branch has to approve of the executivebranches judicial nominations6.The president has pardon power and can pardon those foundguilty by judges  

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