The Three Great Epics Essay Research Paper
The Three Great Epics- Essay, Research PaperThe Three Great Epics-Three of the greatest literary plants are Oedipus the King,Antigone and the Odyssey.
Oedipus the King and Antigone, portion of athree portion series, was composed by Sophocles and performed on thephase during a three twenty-four hours festival. While Odyssey was narrative writtendown by Homer and was one of the first recorded epicsthat was and isstill being read today. The undermentioned shall be a comparing betweenthese three great heroic poems in footings of their similarities and theirdifferences.In comparing Oedipus the King, Antigone and Odyssey, there isa similarity between all three of them in footings of the chiefcharacters leading in response to to state of affairss.
In Oedipus theKing, the chief character that displays leading in response to astate of affairs is Oedipus. In this heroic poem, Oedipus s leading is greatlynoted, particularly in the beginning and into the center. Hisleading is greatly recognizable when he takes charge when theChorus and the Priest ask for his aid because of a pestilence in Thebes.As a consequence Oedipus says, In all my hunt, I have found helpfulclass, and that I have taken: I have sent Creon, Son of Menoikeus,brother of the Queen, to Delphi, Apollo s topographic point of disclosure, Tolearn at that place, if he can, What act or pledge of mine may salvage themetropolis. ( Sophocles pg 153 ) Once Creon gets back with the word from theOracle, Oedipus springs into action when he says, I make thisannouncement to all Thebans: If any adult male knows by whose manus Laios,boy of Labdakos, met his decease, I direct that adult male to state meeverything, no affair what he fears for holding so long keep back it.
Let it stand as promised that no farther problem will come to him, buthe may go forth the land in safety. Furthermore: If anyone knows theliquidator to be foreign, allow him non maintain silent:He shall hold his wages from me. However, if he does hide it ; ifany adult male fearing for his friend or for himself disobeys this edict,hear what I propose to make. I solemnly forbid the people of thisstate. Where power and throne are mine, of all time to have that adult male orspeak to him, no affair who he is, or allow him fall in in forfeit,lustration, or in supplication. I decree that he be driven from every place,being, as he is, corruptness itself to us: the Delphic Voice of Zeushas pronounced this disclosure. ( Sophocles pg 157-158 )Based on all of these statements of Oedipus, it is henceagreeable that Oedipus was a strong and a leader that took action.In the drama Antigone, there is a character who responds to state of affairsswith leading and this character is Creon who is King of Thebes.
After the conflict between Polyneices of Argus and Eteocles of Thebes,Polyneices successfully defends Thebes but he got killed in the conflictevery bit good as his brother. Creon gives a full military award funeral forEteocles for supporting the metropolis but as for Polyneices, Creon says,Polyneices, I say, is to hold no entombment: no adult male is to touch himor state the least supplication for him ; he shall lie on the field, unburied ;and the birds and the scavenging Canis familiariss can make with him whatever theylike. This is my bid, and you can see the wisdom behind it.
Aslong as I am King, no treasonist is traveling to be honored with the loyaladult male. But whoever shows by word and title that he is on the side of theState, he shall hold my regard while he is populating and my fearwhen he is dead. ( Sophocles pg 534 ) Based on this, Creon showsfirst-class leading under this state of affairs because a war merely finishedand to do certain others will non make the same as Polyneices, that iscommit lese majesty, he gives this bid so others would mind hiswarning and non to make what Polyneices has done. His actions arejustifiable since any good leader would make the same to forestall anothersimilar war from happening. In the heroic poem Odyssey, one characterresponds to state of affairss with leading is Odyssey. When Odyssey andhis work forces find an unknown island, Odyssey takes charge and says to hiswork forces, Old shipmates, friends, the remainder of you stand by ; I ll make thetraversing in my ain ship, with my ain company, for they may be wildbarbarians, and lawless, or hospitable and god fearing work forces. ( Homer p150 )Another state of affairs where Odyssey displays leading is when he and hiswork forces are trapped in the Cyclops s cave and are at the clemency of theCyclops. Alternatively of merely sitting at that place and allowing his work forces be eatenalive by this cruel animal, Odyssey hatches a program.
He chopped out asix foot subdivision of this pole and put it down before his work forces, whoscraped it ; and when they had it smooth, Odyssey hewed it once more todo a interest with a pointed terminal. ( Homer p154 ) Then Odyssey got theCyclops rummy with vino so much that Cyclops collapsed frompoisoning. Then with the wooden interest he and his work forces bored thatgreat oculus socket while blood ran out around the ruddy hot saloon.
Eyelidand cilium were seared ; the perforated ball sissing grilling, and the rootspopped. ( Homer p156 ) This action of Odyssey shows that even underany state of affairs, he will ever steer his work forces to the right classunder his bid. Based on these three great heroic poems, they are all insimilar because they characters of each heroic poem have a great common pointin footings of their leading under state of affairss.
Though these three heroic poems may hold a similarity, these heroic poemsgreatly differ in with one another in footings of the Grecian Supreme beings andGoddesss functions. In Oedipus the King the Gods and Goddesses play merelya minor function, intending that they themselves do non take part in theepic straight in footings of actions but take part based merely in footingsof them being merely mentioned in the play and them being mentioned oftheir great power and their edicts. Such indicants in this heroic poemare particularly noted in the Chorus. In one such illustration, the Chorussay, Divine Zeus and Apollo hold perfect intelligence entirely of allnarratives of all time told, and good though diviner plants, he works in his aindark. ( Sophocles pg 164 ) Another illustration is when the Chorus says,What is god singing in his profound Delphic of gold andshadow? ( Sophocles pg 156 ) Antigone besides similar to Oedipus Rex infootings of the limited action of the Gods and goddesses. Suchindicants in Antigone is when the Chorus says, What personhaughtiness transcends the wrath of Zeus? Sleep can non lill him, norhe is immature everlastingly, and his house is the reflecting twenty-four hours of highOlympus. ( Sophocles pg 542 ) Just like in Oedipus Rex, this citationin Antigone shows that the Gods and goddesses do non straight impactthe characters of the play but instead they are merely talked approximately.However in Odyssey, the Gods and goddesses play a really active function.
One such illustration is the conversation between the one of the Gods namedHermes and Odyssey. Hermes says to Odyssey, Why take the inland wayentirely, hapless mariner, by hill and dale upon this island all unknown?Your friends are locked in Kirke s picket ; all are become like swineto see ; and if you go put them liberate you go to remain, and ne’er docanvas for your place upon Thaki. ( Homer pg 173 ) Another incidence ofthe Gods and goddesses active function in this play is when Odysseyradius to Athena, O Mentor, fall in me in this battle! Remember how allmy life I ve been devoted to you, friend of my young person! ( Homer pg416 ) Based on this, Oedipus Rex and Antigone are similar because ofthe Gods and goddess s limited function in footings of their action unlikeOdyssey, which has a greater function for it s Gods and goddesses.In decision the three great heroic poems ; Oedipus the King,Antigone and Odyssey are similar in footings of the characters takingleading when the state of affairs demanded it. Besides these three heroic poemsdiffered in footings of the actions of the Gods and goddesses and howthey were presented in the heroic poems. Possibly the ground why these greatheroic poems have endured over 1000s of old ages is possibly because of theircosmopolitan content. Possibly they have endured because they were merelygratifying narratives to be told around a big assemblage.
Whatever theinstance, these narratives provided a beginning of amusement for a peoplethat lived long before engineering and for these narratives to even doit in these times is certainly must intend it is a great narrative.& # 8212 ;1. Homer.
Odyssey. Translator: Robert Fitzgerald. New York:Vintage Classicss 19902.
Sophocles. Antigone. Translators: Robert Fitzgerald & A ; DudleyFitts.
New York: Vintage Classicss 19903. Sophocles. Oedipus the King. Translators: Robert Fitzgerald & A ;Dudley Fitts. New York: Vintage Classicss 1990