The “single most influential Marxist or socialists

TheCommunist Manifesto, or The Manifesto of the Communist Party, was written byKarl Marx and Friedrich Engels, who gave Marx the credit to the basic thoughtof Manifesto.  These two writers go intodetail in explaining communism, the drive of history, class struggle, and thestages of political evolution.KarlMarx, a German philosopher, historian, and economist, and Friedrich Engels, aGerman philosopher, social scientist, and journalist, were hired by theCommunist League to explain communism in a pamphlet, but is now of course knownas the Communist Manifesto.  The twoworked together in creating the Manifesto and became the creators of scientificsocialism, or the social-political-economic theory. Many find it to be the “singlemost influential Marxist or socialists work” and “arguably one of the mostinfluential books ever written”. Their overall argument goes through the stagesof political evolution that are predicted to happen and will eventually lead tocommunism.

Accordingto the Communist Manifesto, the driving force of history is struggle. The firstline of the manifest states, “The history of all hitherto existing society isthe history of class struggle.” Just a few examples given from the text tosupport this claim are freeman and slave, oppressor and oppressed, and eitherin a revolutionary reconstitution of society at large, or in the common ruin ofthe contending classes.

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  It is aninteresting thing to think about, the most widely known historical eventshappen because one side has a struggle. Conflicts happen and they make up history.Marxand Engels saw the opposing forces of the class struggle in the middle of thenineteenth century to be between the proletariat and bourgeoisie.

  The proletariat is the “working” or lowerclass, they do not own parts of production. The bourgeoisie are the “capitalist” or upper class, many own factoriesand businesses.  “The proletarian iswithout property; his relation to his wife and children has no longer anythingin common with the bourgeois family relations; modern industrial labour, modernsubjection to capital, the same in England as in France, in America as inGermany, has stripped him of every trace of national character.

Law, morality,religion, are to him so many bourgeois prejudices, behind whichlurk in ambush just as many bourgeois interests.” Marx and Engels describe themany differences between the two “opposing forces”.The final stage is what Marx predicted would happeneventually in time.  He thought thatcommunism would make way into society and at some point, all property would bepublicly owned. Marx predicted that when “class distinctions have disappeared”the public will lose their political nature. In this theory, people and theirwork would be equal.  Theauthors described the steps leading up to the final step, communism.

  He believed the working class would takepower and control the government and people would be paid accordingly to theirtime and labor. Marx and Engels also say that personal property will not beconverted in to social property, however it loses it class character.Manynineteenth century workers find the Manifesto attractive because it gave aclear explanation of why a communist revolution was inevitable.  Workers of the nineteenth century did nothave it easy. They faced awful working conditions, wages were not exactlyideal, and they experienced long hours. The workers went through low income andhard jobs, it is easy to understand why they could find the Manifestoattractive.  It gave them hope for acommunist, and equal, economy.

  Theywould be paid fairly for the labor they did and treated equally when it came toworking conditions.Inconclusion, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels influenced the labor movement throughMarxist ideology, explained in depth in The Communist Manifesto. Known to be themost influential book, it explains the theory of communism, the drive of history,class struggle, and the stages of political evolution.


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