, Research PaperJulius Caesar was murdered on the Ides of March in 44 B.C. by the people he trusted and thought were his friends. The justification for his decease was that he was excessively ambitious and wanted excessively much power.
The really construct of authorities in Rome was against absolutism, to which Caesar posed a great menace.Although Rome recognized the demand for a distinguishable leader, the power given to the leader was non absolute. The Romans devised a system to avoid absolutism and retain freedom, but at the same clip keep control of the personal businesss of the Empire. These leaders, originally given the rubric of pretor, intending to take the manner ( Asimov 24 ) , were elected. Their footings of office were for one twelvemonth and they could non win themselves. Two pretors were elected each twelvemonth and they both had to hold on issues before action was taken.
Later, the rubric was changed to consul, which is another manner to state spouses. Praetors and consul s chief duty was to pull off the armed forces of Rome and to take the ground forcess in warfare. Quaestors were besides selected two at a clip for one twelvemonth footings. Their chief function was to function as Judgess and to oversee all condemnable tests.The Senate was designed to rede the Praetors or Consuls. It originally consisted of one 100 representatives of kins that made up the metropolis. The work forces were chosen based on their age, experience and wisdom ; the word senate is Latin for old work forces.
The Senators, or Patricians, were expected to be obeyed. In fact, the pretors had to bow tothe will of the senate ( Asimov 24 ) . This system of regulating worked good for several centuries.The authorities of Rome bit by bit evolved, as did the citizen s sentiment on absolutism. The Senate became corrupt with many Patricians being easy bribed. Almost all of the power belonged to a distinguishable few. The thought of a dictator no longer caused fright, it was no longer unacceptable. By the clip Julius Caesar was a consul, the figure had increased to three.
Pompey, Crassus and Caesar all had scores against the Senate for one ground or another. Caesar was upset because the Senate had tried to undersell his run for consulship. The three consuls formed a private alliance, known as the First Triumvirate. Together Pompey, Crassus and Caesar win in acquiring Caesar elected consul and in go throughing statute law that chiefly benefited them.
Caesar became the governor of Cisalpine Gaul and portion of Transalpine Gaul, where Rome had considerable power. Right after he took on the new place the district was threatened by Switzerland. Immediately he crushed them and maintain traveling.
These wars, which began in 58 B.C. and helped Caesar to set up his repute as a great military leader, were known as the Gallic Wars.
Nine old ages subsequently in 49 B.C. , after changeless warfare, he had stormed over eight 100 towns and conquered the country that is now France.Both Pompey and the Senate were covetous of Caesar s success and theY were besides fearful of his aspirations. They ordered Caesar to give up bid and return to Rome.He defied this order, hence perpetrating lese majesty, and ended up contending Pompey s ground forces.
Caesar followed Pompey s ground forces all the manner to Egypt, where he killed Pompey and metCleopatra. He lived in Egypt with Cleopatra for a few old ages but finally he went off to contend other wars, go forthing Cleopatra pregnant with his kid, Caesarion.In 44 B.C. Julius Caesar returned place to Rome.
He was welcomed with a monolithic banquet including 22 1000 tabular arraies. Caesar was declared dictator of Rome by the now submissive Senate.Caesar s actions, such as withstanding the Senate s order to return place, get the better ofing the other consuls and his uninterrupted warfare went against the construct of democracy in the Roman authorities. He was disregarding the Senate, whom he was supposed to subject to, and had defeated his spouses who were at that place to avoid absolutism and promote answerability. He placed himself above all other Roman citizens, destructing the equality between himself, the Senate and the citizens. And eventually, he accepted the rubric of dictator, destructing the democracy in Rome. The citizens did non even fear the loss of their beloved democracy. They now looked upon Caesar as a God.
A group of Senators led by Cassius, Casca, Cinna and Brutus, who loved freedom and democracy concluded that they had to halt Caesar. No 1 else seemed to understand the badness of what was happening. On March 15, 44 B.C.
, besides known as the Ides of March, a sum of 60 senators carried out their well-planned confederacy to kill Julius Caesar right in the Senate in wide daytime. The felt that this was the lone solution to free themselves of the menace that Caesar posed.Rome had begun, Romans liked to believe, as a democracy guided by a senate, but at the tallness of it s power, the senators and their co-workers answered non to elected leadersbut to emperors ( Time Frame 50 ) . Julius Caesar was a great menace to many of Rome s strongest values. By puting himself above everyone else, he demolished the democracy inthe Roman Empire and the equality of all Romans. There was no manner to ground with him, and the lone possible manner to return to the method of democracy which had worked good for centuries was to kill Julius Caesar.Plants CitedAsimov, Isaac. The Roman Republic.
Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1966.Time Frame 400 BC & # 8211 ; AD 200 Empires Ascendant. Alexandria: Time & # 8211 ; Life Books Ltd. , 1987.Gaius Julius Caesarhypertext transfer protocol: //moltenlava.
com/uo/caesar.htm ( 29 May 99 )The Governmenthypertext transfer protocol: //www.geocities.com/Athens/Ithaca/7036/Government.html ( May 29 99 )Infonautics Corporation.
Encyclopedia.com & # 8211 ; Results for Caesar Julius1999hypertext transfer protocol: //aj.encyclopedia.com/articles/02124.html ( 9 June 99 )346