The Alchemist Essay
Foreshadowing or first obstacle helps to identify, or gives a hint (idea) of what the problem of the story is. Paolo Coelho has several foreshadowing events in the Alchemist; for example, the scene in which Santiago relates his dream to the gypsy, regarding the Egyptian pyramids. The dream itself is an indication of a foreshadowing event. It indicates the events that eventually will occur through the book, ‘’gives a taste of the problem ‘’. 2. Yes there is foreshadowing in this plot arc.
One example of foreshadowing occurs when Santiago tells to the gypsy about his dream of the pyramids; ‘’I dreamed that I was in a field with my sheep, when a child appeared and began to play with the animals. ‘’The child went on playing with my sheep for quite a while’’, continued the boy, a bit upset. ‘’ And suddenly, the child took me by both hands and transported me to the Egyptian pyramids. ’’ (13) ‘’The child said to me, ‘if you come here, you will find a hidden treasure. And, just as she was about to show me the exact location, I woke up both times. ’’(14) This scene provides an idea of the problem (first obstacle) that Santiago will have to overcome through the book. The scene suggest what Santiago have to do in order to find that treasure – not every step, or every aspect of the procedures but a hit of what he should go –Then with this information, the reader realize that Santiago must cross the desert to reach the pyramids, that he must acquire some money to arrive to Egypt.
A foreshadowing event not only tells the reader what a character might do to accomplish ‘’that’’, but with what he might struggle and what the character mush overcome. 3. The climax of this novel is when Santiago is struggling to turn himself into the wind, and depending in the result of this action, Santiago will be able to save his and the Alchemist live from dead. The chief of the tribesman would kill both of them if Santiago won’t accomplish this challenge. ‘’ I what you to help me turn myself into the wind,’’ the boy answered. ’ Nature knows me as the wisest being in creation,’’ the sun said. ‘’But I don’t know how to turn you into the wind. ’’(151) I think this is the climax based in the following factors: After all the things that Santiago already accomplished; the knowledge that he learned through this journey such as the wisdom to understand the language of the world, the masters work, and all the treasures that he has earned to reach his personal legend. Santiago comes upon a stage, a phase of this journey, that there is no way to rectify his actions and go back.
He must face this obstacle. Santiago is the edge between live and, and he has to make a decision and take action. Now, all the knowledge that he acquired through his journey, he will use it as his advantage to succeed and scape from the claws of death – the decisive moment in the novel -. 4. The central conflict in this novel is Man vs. Himself. Santiago, through his journey, accomplish new goals, acquires goods that he never planned to be the owner of. He realizes that he already have more that he wished for, so this causes a great ambiguity within his heart and mind.
Santiago is not sure if he should continue and follow his personal legend, or resign himself with what he already acquired because he is afraid to lose it, and he is also afraid in failing to achieve his personal legend. ‘’ But there’s a tribal war,’’ the boy reiterated. ‘’ I know what’s happening in the desert. ’’ ‘’ I have already found my treasure. I have a camel, I have my money from the crystal shop, and I have fifty gold pieces. In my own country, I would be a rich man. ’’ ‘’ But none of that is from the Pyramids,’’ said the alchemist. ‘’ I also have Fatima.
She is treasure greater than anything else I have won. ’’ (115) This scene shows Santiago ambivalent feelings in regard to following and concluding his personal legend or stay with all he already possess. Through the book, this sort of uncertainty arise inside Santiago’s thoughts, whether he should stay with what he recently obtained, or still strive to reach his personal legend. 5. Yes, the ‘’Danger of fear’’ is one of the themes in this book. Fear constantly comes up through Santiago’s journey as the primary obstacle to Santiago’s success in achieving his personal legend.
Santiago experiences several forms of fear, for example: ‘’ It was also said that they had a pact with the devil, and that they kidnapped children and, taking them away to their mysterious camps, made them their slaves. As a child, the boy had always been frightened to death that he would be captured by Gypsies, and this childhood fear returned when the old woman took his hands in hers. ’’ (12) A childhood fear of having a gypsy woman interpret his dream, the physical fear of dying in the battle at Al-Fayoum; and the spiritual fear that he will fail to turn himself into the wind, etc.
Santiago’s mentor, the alchemist expresses disapproval of fear, so he compares it to materialism, and he describes it as a product of misunderstanding of how the universe treats those pursuing their personal Legend. In the case of those who set aside fear, they become fear dominates. For example, the crystal merchant in particular represents someone who allowed fear to rule his life. Eventhough his religion requires a trip to mecca, he fears that once he arrives, the place will turn auto to be a disappointment, but also once he accomplish that goal, he will have nothing to life for.
As a result, he remains deeply unfortunate; supporting the idea that fear acts as an obstacle to a happy and satisfied life. 6. Yes the author uses symbolism, one of them is the desert, with its tough conditions and wars, symbolizes the obstacles that await anyone in pursuit of their personal legend; however the desert symbolizes also as an important teacher during Santiago’s journey to the pyramids. The Alchemist states that tests are essential steps to reach one’s personal legend, because they are necessary to create spiritual development.
More than the weather of the desert, the desert monotony, desolation and quietness put in tests Santiago’s will. Eventually Santiago realize that even though the dessert appears to be a plain land, it actually possess the soul of the world; he finish up learning to identify all of creation in a single grain of sand, and become aware of the environment, so he learns to recognize signs of life in a deserted place. ‘’Once you get into the desert, there’s no going back,’’ said the camel driver. ’ And, when you can’t go back, you have to worry only about the best of moving forward. The rest is up to Allah, including the danger. ’’(77) ‘’ The desert will give you an understanding of the world; in fact, anything on the face of the earth will do that. You don’t even have to understand the desert: all you have to do is contemplate a simple grain of sand, and you will se in it all the marvels of creation. ’’ (127) 7. Yes, the author uses a metaphor: ‘’
The desert is a capricious lady’’ (74) ’ Arms are as capricious as the desert, and, if they are not used, the next time they might not function. ’’ (108) The author uses a ‘’figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable. ’’( google) 8. The target audience of this book are the teenagers and young people, who are in a stage of their lives in which they are becoming aware of their goals in life, they are actually in the path of achieving and reaching their personal legend. ‘’ Everyone, when they are young, know what their personal legend is. ’ At that point in their lives, everything is clear and everything is possible. They are not afraid to dream, and to yearn for everything they would like to see happened to them in their lives. ’’ ( 21) 9. In the alchemist, the book’s tone is told in an ancient myth or fable way. The text is simple, direct and overall pedagogic. The story is also told in a playful and picaresque way, and be able to narrate the story detailing a hero’s adventures throughout his journey. ‘’ If what one finds is made of pure matter, it will never spoil.
And one can always come back. If what you had found was only a moment of light, like the explosion of a start, you would find nothing on your return. ’’ (123) 10. The point of view in this novel is third person total omniscient, though the narrator focuses on Santiago’s journey, there are some times that Coelho emphasis the thoughts of secondary characters. With total omniscient, the reader is able to learn the thoughts from more than two characters of the book, so gives several examples of others dreams and aspirations. ‘’ He believed in omens.
All his life and all his studies were aimed at finding the one true language of the universe. ’’ (66) 11. Yes there is irony in the text, at the end of the book when Santiago discovers that the treasure he had been seeking for, was in his own home, in the ruined church back in his country. ‘’I was told that if l dug at the roots of the sycamore, I would find a hidden treasure. But I’m not so stupid as to cross an entire desert just because a recurrent dream. ’’ The boy stood up shakily, and looked once more at the Pyramids.
They seemed to laugh at him, and he laughed back, his heart bursting with joy. Because now he knew where his treasure was. (163) 12. Eventhough the book have irony, it’s not meant to critizise but to teach and persuade the reader. The text suggests how Santiago has to overcome a series of puzzles (obstacles) which answer or solution is before his eyes. It’s ironic. However there is a reason why things happened in this way -‘’Individuals must experience hardship in order to come to a heightened understanding of the world around them. ’ (Coelho), – all the particular things that Santiago have to learn and overcome in such a complicated way is to taught him lessons, that with hard work and with desire to accomplish things is not only the only way to achieve goals, but also help him to acquire all this knowledge, this values that also are essential factors that will help him through his expedition, and obtain this elemental qualities to reach what he wants -‘’in addition to realizing our dreams, master the lesson we’ve learned as we’ve moved toward that dream. ’- If things in live would be too simple to reach – without learning other things in the process or acquiring other things – people will finish up discovering something or learning something that( at that point) was not worth all the sacrifice, because people like to feel that their efforts and sacrifice are the result of great achievements. ‘’ Before a dream is realized, the sould of the world test everything that was learned along the way.
It does this not because it is evil, but so that we can, in addition to realizeing our dreams, master the lesson we’ve learned as we’ve moved toward that dream….. ’’(132) 13. Dreams (aspirations) It?s a force that appears to be negative, but actually shows you how to realize your Personal Legend. It prepares your spirit and your will, because there is one great truth on this planet: whoever you are, whatever it is that you do, when you really want something, it?s because that desire originated in the soul of the universe. It?s your mission on earth” (page 22). 14. The main idea( message or moral) of this book is Everyone has special destiny, and yet not everyone is able to achieve it because involves scarifies, dedication and handwork. No matter how much you have to strive but never give up fulfilling your dreams.