Teaching Social and Personal Skills to Exceptional Students Essay
Teaching Social and Personal Skills to Exceptional StudentsQuestion # 1:LCCE Lesson Plan on Developing Social Skills(Caring for the Endangered Mammals of the World)Component:Personal and Social SkillsGoal:This lesson plan aims to help the exceptional students develop socially responsible behavior through teaching the importance of preserving endangered species of animals in the world such as the mammals.Instructional objectives: At the end of the session, students are expected to:a. Develop socially responsible behavior.b. Identify the importance of preserving the endangered species of animals in the world such as the mammals.
Instructional materials:a. List of World’s Endangered Mammals (Arabian Oryx, Asian Elaphant, Bisons, Black Rhino, Cheetah, Giant Panda, Gray Wolf, Grevy Zebra, Grizzly Bear, Humpbackk Whale, Malayan Tapir, Manatee, Okapi, Polar Bear, Red Panda and Tiger)b. Six boxes of animal bingo cards with pictures of the endangered mammals, one card for each student, should be prepared before the classc.
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Card with individual pictures of the endangered mammals placed in a big glass jar and mixed upd. Dried beans or candiese. Big glass jarf. Adhesive tapeg.
Polar bear gum for the prize of the winner/s of the gameh. Drawing paper and coloring materials for the closing or extension activityi. SmartBoard or Promethean Boardj. Computers with Internet Connectionk. Slide show or video presentation about the endangered mammalsMethods and procedures:1. The teacher will introduce the game “Bingo” by explaining that it is a game typically played with numbers.
However, in this lesson, the teacher will explain that they will play with pictures of endangered mammals instead. (Note: It is important for the teacher to make sure that the students understand how to play the game before proceeding to the lesson activities).2. Prior to the game, the teacher will provide a brief background of each mammal that belongs to the world’s endangered species. The teacher will show the card with the mammals’ pictures and briefly discuss their characteristics, habitats, distinguishing features and the like. Likewise, the teacher will also show slide show or video presentation about these endangered mammals with the use of the computers with Internet connection.3.
The teacher will demonstrate the rules of the game after the discussion of the characteristics of the said mammals. Each student will be handed a bingo card with the pictures of endangered animals printed on it. There are six (6) pictures of mammals on every card which are randomly selected. The total number of animals to be studied through playing the game is sixteen (16). The teacher will pick one picture from the big glass jar and post it on the board. The students who have the exact same animal and image on their game card will put a dried bean or candy on that image or picture.
The student who has marked all the six boxes in the game card should shout “MAMMAL BINGO”. The first student to get a Bingo and is likewise confirmed by the teacher will win the game.4. The teacher will give the winning student a pack of polar bear gum as a prize for the game.Evaluation: a.
Activity and Criteria1. My Favorite Animal – After the game, the teacher will ask the students to choose their favorite animal among the endangered mammals used in the bingo card. The teacher will ask the volunteer about the animal’s characteristics, location, features and the like with the use of the SmartBoard or Promethean Board. The teacher or the student/s may ask questions to the presenter but the teacher should make it sure that everyone will be given enough time to finish the activity.2. Poster Making Contest – The teacher will ask the student to draw ways on how to preserve and conserve these endangered animals. To help the students, the teacher may give examples, such as planting trees in the forest, avoiding air pollution and the like.
The student who has the most beautiful poster will win the contest and will have extra points for the activity. The teacher will collect the outputs at the end of the session and will give corresponding points to each student.b. Career Role Citizen, Volunteer, Recreational and Leisure Activitiesc. Stage Exploration, Participation, AwarenessQuestion # 2:The Importance of Recreational and Physical Activitiesto the Good Health of the Exceptional Students Amidst the advances that the modern world has ever gone in terms of sciences, technology, medicine, education and the like, people are still suffering from different health illnesses and problems which sometimes lead to more serious health concerns. One of these serious health problems in the society is the fast growing population of children who are experiencing obesity due to lack of exercise and healthy diet (Hicks 2009).
Childhood obesity nowadays is considered to be a worldwide concern for everybody since it is becoming a threat which is indeed dangerous to the health of the children not only in the United States but also in the world. Furthermore, it is considered as a “serious medical condition that affects children and adolescents” (Mayo Clinic 2008). Obesity occurs any time the child’s weight is over the normal weight required, or it exceeds the child’s height and age. It is very risky to the children because there are very many risks associated with it. Obesity happens when the fat mass substantially exceeds normal level as regards to the age of the individuals (Ostman, et. al. 2004).
This means that children become obese if they are overweight. Obesity, moreover, is considered to be a serious treat to the life of children since it can cause many serious health problems such as stroke and heart attack (Gard & Wright 2005). Aside from serious health problems, obesity also causes poor self-esteem on the part of the obese children (Strauss 2000). Because of this, prevention of this health problem must highly attended by both parents and teachers of the children. Since most of the time of the students is spent at school, the help of the teachers is very much necessary to prevent and solve the fast growing cases of obese children in the community. For instance, it is very helpful if the teachers will always incorporate to the lessons of the students the importance of proper diet and exercise in maintaining good health (Smith 1999).
If the students will understand the importance of healthy lifestyle, eventually, there would be less case of obesity. Moreover, the teachers can also give the students activities that will utilize psychomotor skills in order to help the students burn calories. For example, instead of a paper-pencil test, teachers can give games, simulations, role playing and the like in order to require students to move and exercise. In this way, the teachers will not only help them to fight obesity but also the teachers can provide meaningful and creative tools for the teaching-learning process of the students.
Play will not only help the students to prevent obesity but it also aids in the development of social, moral and emotional skills of the children (Zins 2004). Likewise, the school can also include sports and game competitions in the curriculum of the students to foster good health among the students. Lastly, to be able to help fight obesity, the school should be the one to lead the campaign for healthy food and diet. This could be best done through selling of healthy foods and snacks in the canteen of the school instead of high-sugar, low protein snacks and junk foods. In total, the school and the teachers play vital role in educating the children to fight and prevent obesity. Hence, teachers should always find ways on how to maximize possible ways to educate and help the students to carry out regular exercise and maintain healthy diet for a healthy living.Question # 3:LCCE Lesson Plan on Eating Healthy Food(Nutritional Contents of A Regular Can of Coke)Component:Daily Living SkillsGoal: This lesson aims to teach the students the importance of healthy diet for a healthy living of the individuals. The students will be taught about the disadvantage of eating too much high-sugar, low protein foods and snacks.
Specifically, the teacher will discuss the nutritional contents of a regular can of coke as well as the advantages of drinking too much high-sugar, low protein beverage like Coca-Cola drinks.Instructional objectives: At the end of the session, students are expected to:a. Identify the importance of healthy diet for the healthy living of individuals.b. Enumerate the nutritional contents of a regular can of coke and identify the disadvantages of drinking this kind of beverage.
Instructional materials:a. 1 can (12 fl. oz.) of regular coke (each student)b. Pictures of obese childrenc. Pictures or models of healthy foods (should include meat, vegetables, fruits and the like)d.
Vegetables, salad dressing, kitchen utensils, bowl – for the evaluationMethods and procedures:1. The teacher will show pictures of obese children to the students. Then, the teacher will explain that being obese is not good for the healthy living of the individuals.2. The teacher will ask the students to bring out their 12 fl.
oz. can of regular coke. The teacher will point out to the students that drinking too much soda like coke is not really good for the health as this can of coke contains 140 calories, 39g carbohydrates, 0g protein and 0g fat.3.
The teacher will use discussion method to explain the bad effects of junk foods and high-sugar, low protein foods and snacks to the health of children.4. Then, the teacher will show the pictures or models of the healthy food that the children should eat in order to have healthy living.Evaluation:a. Activity and CriteriaPreparing Vegetable Salad – The teacher will show step by step procedure on making vegetables salad. Then, the teacher will ask the students to prepare it individually (if there are only 3-4 students in the class) or by group (if there is a large number of students in the class).b.
Career RoleIndividual, Family Memberc. StageExploring, AwarenessQuestion # 4:Vocational Counseling Among the Exceptional Students Vocational counseling among the exceptional students is very essential since it is one of the major components that helps the students to acquire independent living and community adjustment skills (Strohmer & Prout 1994). It is through vocational counseling that exceptional individuals and students with disabilities find way to live dignified and normal. Among the benefits of vocational training to the exceptional students include vocational assessment, vocational training and vocational placement which aim to help the students to have successful adjustment to work. For instance, through vocational training, students with disabilities would learn daily living skills, personal and social skills and vocational skills. This would be beneficial to them as such they would learn how to live independently which would help them to eliminate the feeling of being useless and dependent (Brewer 2010). Hence, it is indeed important that vocational counseling services are available to the schools. There should be hands-on counselors to every school in order to provide the needs of all the students in terms of physical, social, emotional and intellectual aspects.
However, the presence of guidance and vocational counselors seems to be one of the problems of some schools in the community. Some schools do not have enough number of counselors to equate the total number of the students. Some do not even have hands-on counselor to provide the counseling needs of the students. In total, to be able to help the exceptional students to experience and enjoy a dignified and normal life, there should be available vocational counseling services to every school. This would help the exceptional students maximize their time and effort to live normally and happily.
Question # 5:The Purpose of School Stores School canteen or store has been considered to be part of the system of any educational institution since it provides services and goods to the everyday needs of the students. For most educational institutions, school canteen is very useful since it is a good source of income that would be helpful for the realization of the different school projects and activities. The income from the operation of school canteen or store could be a great subsidy for the budget of the school in its operation and maintenance. For instance, in our school, the profit from the school canteen or store could be used to carry out different projects and programs such as repairing of classrooms, playground and other facilities of the school. A typical school canteen is organized and operated by the administration of the school.
Nevertheless, in some schools, democratic way of leadership is evident even in managing and operating school canteen or school store. Students have share and participation in the operation of the school canteen (Taneja 2005). Some schools even treat school canteen or store as a cooperative wherein students also get their share profit from the income of the operation. In this way, the school canteen does not only provide goods and services to the students but it also serves as their training ground for the application of their knowledge learned in entrepreneurship and other business-related subjects. Hence, school canteen or store should be always incorporated in the system of the schools in order to provide the students with a safe place to eat and shop and a perfect venue to apply their entrepreneurship skills.ReferencesBrewer, J. M. (2010).
The Vocational-Guidance Movement – Its Problems and Possibilities. New York: READ BOOKS.Gard, M. and Wright, J. (2005). The obesity epidemic: science, morality, and ideology.
New York: Taylor and Francis Group.Hicks, T. A. (2009). Obesity. Malaysia: Marshall Cavendish.Mayo Clinic.
(2008).Definition of obesity. Retrieved July 29, 2010, from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/childhood-obesity/DS00698.
Oracle ThinkQuest (2008). World Endangered Species. Retrieved July 11, 2010, from http://library.thinkquest.org/19689/data/menu.html.Ostman, J.
, Britton, M. and Jonsson, E. (2004).
Treating and preventing obesity. Germany: WILEY-VCH Verlag.Smith, J. (1999). Understanding Childhood Obesity. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.Strauss R (2000).
Child obesity and self-esteem. Pediatrics journal, 105, 1, +15.Strohmer, D. C. and Prout, H.
T. (1994). Counseling and Psychotherapy with Persons with Mental Retardation and Borderline Intelligence. New York: John Wiley and Sons.
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