Sumerians And Egyptians Essay, Research PaperThere are many ways that Ancient Egypt society and Mesopotamiasociety are similar and at the same clip they are really different. The mostof import ways that their society & # 8217 ; s differ and are likewise are in their authorities,faith, societal construction, scientific achievements, and their mentality on life.The ways that the Egypt authorities and the Mesopotamia authoritiesdiffer are how they are ruled. Egypt was one land and it was divided in tostates or names, the land was ruled by one individual known as thePharaoh. The states were ruled by nemarchs. Mesopotamia had manyindependent city states with its ain authorities and swayer.
In Egypt there waspolitical fusion achieved and in Mesopotamia political fusion was seldomachieved. The Egyptian authorities was more of a stronger centralisedauthorities and the Sumerian authorities was non as strong and moreindependent.Egyptian and Sumerian faiths have a batch of similarities. For one thingthey were both polytheistic.
In Egypt people in each small town worshipped a small townGod in add-on to other Gods. Sumerians worshipped others Gods in add-on tothe God of their city state. In Egypt the swayer or the Pharaoh was a God, and inMesopotamia the swayers weren & # 8217 ; t known as Gods they were knows asrepresentatives of Gods. Both Egyptians and Sumerians both believed thatdifferent Gods controlled the forces of nature. The Egyptians had a positive positionon the hereafter, but the Sumerians had a dark glooming position of the hereafterbecause they thought the Gods were ever penalizing them.Both Egyptians and Sumerians had their ain systems of authorship, eventhough they were different they had their similarities. Egyptian authorship wasknown as hieroglyphics, which were fundamentally images of objects. They chieflyused hieroglyphics for records of spiritual rites.
At first Egyptians carvedhieroglyphics on to lapidate or wood, subsequently they used flattened papyrus reeds andwrote with ink and coppices. Sumerian authorship was known as cuneiform.Cuneiform was merely symbols stand foring sounds and syllables. Sumeriansused a stylus, or a sharpened reed instrument, to do write on wet tablets ofclay. They baked the tablets so they would indurate up and be saved for records.
The people that did most of their authorship were known as Scribe. Priest set upschools for the Scribes in temples.Egyptians and Sumerians both had scientific achievements that theywere known for. Sumerians were the first people known to utilize the wheel. Thewheel helped the Sumerians for a batch of things. The Sumerians made manybetterments on farming. They built complex irrigation systems to impartH2O though out the farming area. Both Egyptians and Sumerians used arithmeticand geometry to study land and reestablish belongings likes after inundations sweptoff boundary markers.
The Sumerian system was based on the figure 60.Sumerians were the first to utilize arches, columns, inclines, and inclined walks.Egyptians produced a calendar with a 365-day twelvemonth. They divided the twelvemonth into12 months. They besides made medical finds, they learned how to executesurgery, how to put fractured castanetss and to handle spinal hurts. They wereknown for their impressive rock memorials. They learned how to cut tallobelisks from a individual stone, utilizing hot fires and cold H2O to do theenvironing stones cleft.The Egyptian mentality on life and the Sumerian mentality on life are whollydifferent.
The Egyptians had a positive mentality on like but on the other manus theSumerians had a dark glooming 1. The grounds for this are simple. TheEgyptians were looking frontward to their hereafter, their hereafter, they believed,consisted them being happy, good fed, and busy with the same activities theyhad enjoyed during their life. Because of that the Egyptians had something tolook forward to after they died.
Besides in Egypt, the favourable clime of the NileValley allowed the people to bask life and see their Gods as kindly forces. By,contrast, the Sumerians feared of natural catastrophes and invasions, whichlikely contributed to the glooming mentality on life. They believed that the Godspunished them with inundations and or famine. Their glooming mentality on life madethem have a bad facet on their hereafter.
They believed that at decease that theywere traveling to fall everlastingly into a dark underworld, a immense cave filled withnil but dust and silence. Because of this they had nil to look frontwardto after decease so this made their like miserable.This is how the Egyptian society and the Mesopotamia society are likewiseand different. They have many similar things and besides many differences.
Theyboth have their ups and their downs.