Strategic decisions of human resource management Essay


The purpose of this study is to analyze and measure communicating systems which impact upon strategic determinations with mention to contemporary positions of human resource direction within a medium sized catching house. Taking a expression at relevant theoretician ‘s positions and whether they would suit in to the medium sized undertaking house theoretical accountThe undermentioned countries are to be analysed and considered

Types of communicating systems:

  1. How these impact on strategic determinations
  2. Strategic resource direction overview

  3. Theorists relevant to Human resource direction ( HRM )
  4. How these impact on a medium catching house

Mention is to be made specifically to theoreticians theoretical accounts ( e.g. , Guests 1997 theoretical account and Legge 1995 ) how they compare and weather they fit into the modern HR theoretical account

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Communication methods

See Appendix 1. Within the modern working environment the job for direction and employees likewise is how to choose the most effectual method of pass oning with other persons and groups many factors can assist to find this choice:Formal or informal content of message ;Speed and bringing and response ;

Individual or little group or big group as receiving system ;

Cost of communications ;Availability of information and communicating engineering

Communication systems

There are many communicating systems which are relied on within the modern on the job environment but are we certain that we mean the telephone, meetings, computing machine or even written these themselves have become nomadic with the debut of the nomadic phone and lap top linked to a wireless local area network web invariably giving entree to internet and e-mail.

These are the tools for communicating.Communication can be loosely classified as verbal communicating and non-verbal communicating.Verbal communicating includes written and unwritten communicatingNon-verbal communicating includes organic structure linguistic communication, facial looks and visuals diagrams

Verbal Communication

Verbal communicating can be farther divided into written and unwritten communicating. The unwritten communicating refers to the spoken words. Oral communicating can either be face-to-face communicating or a conversation over the phone. The other type of verbal communicating is written communicating.

Written communicating can be by electronic mail or written. The effectivity of written communicating depends on the manner of authorship, vocabulary used, grammar, lucidity and preciseness of linguistic communication

Gestural Communication

Non-verbal communicating includes overall organic structure linguistic communication of the individual who is talking, which includes organic structure position, manus gestures, and overall organic structure motions. The facial looks besides play a major portion since facial looks say a batch.Non verbal communicating can besides be in the signifier of pictural representations, signboards, or even exposures, studies and picturesCommunication is a procedure that involves exchange of information, ideas, thoughts and emotions. It ‘s of import that the bringing of communicating is received and under stood by all subsidiaries ; this will so let communications to play an active function within strategic determinations.

Would this be relevant within a medium sized undertaking house?Most would happen it hard to run without effectual communicating. Communication can take assorted signifiers as described above but all signifiers involve the transportation of information from one party to the other. In order for the transportation of information to measure up as communicating, the receiver must understand the information conveyed to them. If the receiver does non understand the significance of the information conveyed to them, communicating has non taken topographic point. Communication is the life beginning of all administrations because administrations involve people. Peoples can non interact with each other without communicating.

Internal/Organisational Communication

Communication that takes topographic point within an administration, in add-on to the usual face to face, telephone, facsimile or mail ; modern administrations will more frequently than non utilize engineering to pass on internally. Technology may be used for e-mails or a linked internal communicating system such as the intranet which is an cyberspace system designed entirely for usage by those working within the administration.

External communications

conversely external communicating is communicating between the administration and those outside the administration. Modern administrations may plan technological systems so that they can pass on with clients and undertake e-commerce. Alternatively they communicate with other concerns through the cyberspace or similar systems and undertake e-Business.

Upward and Downward communicating

Downward communicating is communicating created by managers and directors and passed down the hierarchy of workers in the administration.

In traditional administrations this is the preferable method of communicating i.e. Directors decide what the systems, regulations and processs will be and so they pass these down to employees they manage and supervise. Downward Communication can increase efficiency by synchronizing organizational processs and can guarantee that everybody is working towards the same overall purposes and aims. Types of downward communicating include occupation descriptions, appraisals/evaluations, organizational policy, and organizational systemsEffective communicating is the foundation for effectivity ( McNamara ) “ experts on administrations ; direction and leading avow at that place ca n’t be excessively much communicating ” . Leaderships and directors have realised that there is a demand to efficaciously convey and have information,To repeat ( McNamara Carter ) subordinates need to be given proper communicating from directors, as this is believed to take to an addition in absenteeism amongst workers therefore set uping productiveness, there should be bipartisan communicating in an administration. It ‘s enviable that the Manager should hold personal contact with his subsidiaries.

He should clearly pass on ends and policies of the organisation to his subsidiaries and should acquire feedback on these ends and policies. Feedback plays a really of import function in the communicating procedure. It enables us to measure the effectivity of our message. Giving the subsidiaries opportunity to supply feedback is of import for keeping an unfastened communicating within the administration. The director must make an environment that encourages feedback

Performance assessment

Performance assessments the procedure of obtaining, analyzing and entering information about the comparative worth of an employee.

The focal point of the public presentation assessment is mensurating and improvingthe existent public presentation of the employee and besides the future potency of the employee. Its purpose is to mensurate what an employee does andencourage employee communications about job-related and professional affairs. ( Harris, F 2006 ) Forms of communicating include coaching, reding, preparation and feedback on occupation public presentation.

Strategic Human resource direction

What is strategic human resource direction? Strategic human resource direction ( SHRM ) could be defined as a procedure which is invariably germinating within many administrations, and should be invariably reviewed to suite employees and employers demands. Its definition and relationships with other facets of concern planning and scheme is non conclusive and sentiment varies between many different theoreticians

Theorist ‘s positions

“ Strategic HRM is the key to improved concern public presentation within which there is comprehensive coverage of the assorted definitions and attacks to HRM, scheme and strategic HRM ” Armstrong, M and Baron, A. ( 2002 )Is this statement a true contemplation on what is believed to be the modern-day positions of human resource direction?Strategic HRM is regarded as a general attack to the strategic direction of human resources in harmoniousness with the purposes of the administration on the future way it wants to take. Strategic HRM is concerned with longer-term people issues and macro-concerns about construction, quality, civilization, values, committedness and duplicate resources to future demand.

Boxall and Purcell argue that strategic HRM is concerned with explicating how HRM influences organizational public presentation. They besides point out that scheme is non the same as strategic programs. Strategic planning is the formal procedure that takes topographic point, normally in larger administrations, specifying how things will be done, Purcell, J. ( 2003 )To simplify these statements Strategic HRM is based on HRM rules integrating the construct of scheme. So if HRM is a rational attack to the direction of people, strategic HRM now implies that that is done in a planned manner.

Persons, who are extremely skilled, extremely motivated and have the chance to take part within the organisation by being given undertakings to set about. However, this will merely feed through into higher degrees of organizational public presentation if these persons have positive direction relationships with their higher-ups in a supportive environment with strong values. All these factors will back up the willingness of persons to execute above the lower limit. It besides could be said that the instance is made for constructing the worker into the analysis of HRM, on the one manus, by integrating worker attitudes and behavior in the survey of the HRM-performance relationship, and on the other, by paying serious attending to the association between HRM and worker-related results. Evidence is presented to propose that worker attitudes and behavior mediate the HRM-performance relationship and that certain HR patterns are associated with higher work and life satisfaction. ( Guest, D 1997 )

Models on Strategic human resource direction

Human resource policies and patterns have been linked with strategic aims of many administrations.

A figure of British faculty members have made major parts to the construct of HRM and their work is summarized below.Guest, D ( 1991 ) has taken the Harvard theoretical account and developed it further by specifying four policy ends which he believes can be used as testable propositions: 1. Strategic integrating: the ability of the administration to incorporate HRM issues into its strategic programs, guarantee that the assorted facets of HRM cohere and supply for line directors to integrate an HRM position into their decision-making.

2. High committedness: A behavioral committedness to prosecute agreed ends and attitudinal committedness reflected in a strong designation with the endeavor. Guest ( 1989 ) believes that the drive force behind HRM is the chase of competitory advantage in the market-place through proviso of high-quality goods and services, through competitory pricing linked to high productiveness and through the capacity fleetly to introduce and pull off alteration in response to alterations in the market-place or to breakthroughs in research and development.Legge, K ( 1989 ) considers that the common subjects of typical definitions of HRM are that: Human resource policies should be integrated with strategic concern planning and used to reenforce an appropriate ( or alter an inappropriate ) organisational civilization, that human resources are valuable and a beginning of competitory advantage, that they may be tapped most efficaciously by reciprocally consistent policies that promote committedness and which, as a effect, further a willingness in employees to move flexibly in the involvements of the & A ; lsquo ; adaptative administrations ‘ chase of excellence


Overall a medium sized undertaking house needs strategic systems in topographic point particularly taking into history the current economic clime, state of affairss may originate where retrenchment of the company and redundancies that may be prevailing due to the expected down bend in work burden.At times of high unemployment, workers are thought to be concerned about losing their occupations and therefore more painstaking and tolerant of rigorous direction they become, it ‘s of import to keep communicating in this state of affairs. As provinces it ‘s of import in hard times for employees to go more flexible and “ surrogate willingness ” ( Legge, K 1995 )Other countries where deficiency of communicating creates animus between clients and undertaking house it ‘s proven that reding client of their demands and later convey the undertakings successfully to execution will assist procure a good working relationship.

Added values such as back up service of experient staff and good qualified staff in all the requested countries of the building programme this fits in with Guests theoretical account of giving high-quality goods and services, through competitory pricing linked to high productiveness. ( Guest, D 1997 )If a concern has extremely motivated squad so success will follow, this has to be lead from the top down and strategic integrating from HR is paramount in the bringing of success as described in invitees theory K, Legge at first contradicts Guests theory with what ‘s known as a difficult theoretical account theory by saying that employees are a resource merely as any other concern resource. Thus, human resource should fit concern demands and assist accomplish aims. Management may supervise their public presentations for acknowledgment and wagess. Furthermore, organisations will ever seek to get them every bit cheaply as possible, and work them to maximize net incomes. This theoretical account may sound less humanistic but the aim of accomplishing humanitarianism should non compromise the aims of administrations ( Legge 1995 ) . Theorists so began to look at other types of theoretical accounts and agreed that a softer attack was more fitting in certain current climes Harvard Business School developed soft or developmental humanitarianism theoretical account, besides takes into consideration integrating critical for the development of concern schemes. At the same clip, it besides emphasises on handling people as valued assets.

They should be treated as human capital, which is basically different from other concern resources. The soft theoretical account encourages developing employees so that they become proactive in organisational development and advancement ( Legge 1995 ) . Many writers question the implicit in practical applications of HRM theoretical accounts. Similar concerns are raised about SHRM. Its managerial focal point, strategic positions and & A ; lsquo ; worlds & A ; lsquo ; of HR pattern have been questioned by several authors ( Legge 1995 ; Guest 1997 ) .

SHRM is surely concerned chiefly with lending to the & A ; lsquo ; bottom line ‘ success of an administration, which may sometimes affect a unitarist attack to the direction of employees. SHRM may besides deduce a & A ; lsquo ; difficult ‘ HRM focal point, which does non sit comfortably with some writers. However, as Legge ( 1995 ) points out, & A ; lsquo ; If HRM, in either its & A ; lsquo ; difficult ‘ or & A ; lsquo ; soft ‘ pretenses, involves the reaffirmation of managerial privilege over the labour procedure, the schemes of flexibleness reflect and represent a way to this, employees as both resourceful worlds and human resources


The above essay has analysed and evaluated assorted literature of human resource direction, scheme and the links between these elements. While there is considerable treatment in relation to administrations utilizing HRM strategically with a position to heightening their administration public presentation the existent execution seems variable. The reappraisal of the literature besides suggests there is a multi bed model in which human resource direction is located. ( Guest, D. 2002 )The relationship between administrations and workers is progressively secured through different signifiers of engagement, runing from an alienative to a moral engagement and from conformity to commitment as the footing for the on-going fond regard.

Relationship and the interaction between the worker and employer have focused attending on results. These results can be perceived in footings of whether they are procedures, processs or patterns, but at another they can be seen to be a mechanism for procuring the aims ( Maning K 2005 )



Bratton, J & A ; Gold, J ( 2003 ) , Human resource direction theory & A ; Practice 3rd edition, New York.Chaffee, E ( 1985 ) & A ; lsquo ; Three theoretical accounts of scheme ‘ Academy of Management Review, London.Foot, M & A ; Hook, C. ( 2005 ) , Introducing Human resource direction 4th edition, LondonHarris, F & A ; McCaffer. ( 2006 ) , Modern Construction Management 6th Edition, Blackwell Publishing, OxfordMonetary value, A ( 2003 ) , Human resource direction in a concern context 3rd edition, LondonPurcell, J. ( 2003 ) , Strategy and human resource direction, London.

Mintzberg, H. ( 1994 ) , The Rise and Fall of Strategic Planning, Prentice-Hall.Mintzberg, H. , Ahlstrand, B. and Lampel, J.

( 1998 ) , Strategy Safari: A guided circuit through the natural states of strategic direction, The Free Press.Whittington, R. ( 2000 ) , What is Strategy – And Does It Matter? 2nd edition Thomson Learning.

Manning, Dr. K ( 2005 ) , Strategic Human Resource Management and Performance.


McNamara, C 1997 ( hypertext transfer protocol: //managementmrktng/org ) accessed 10th Dec 09hypertext transfer protocol: //

cfm? abstract_id=347150 accessed 5th Jan 10hypertext transfer protocol: // Accessed 5th Jan 2010

Journal articles

Guest, D. E. 1997, & A ; lsquo ; Human Resource Management and Performance: A Review and Research Agenda ‘ , International Journal of Human Resource Management, vol.

8, no. 3, pp. 263-276.Guest, D.

2002, & A ; lsquo ; Human Resource Management, Corporate Performance and Employee-Well-Being: Constructing the Worker into HRM ‘ , the Journal of Industrial Relations, vol. 44, no. 3. pp. 335-358.Guest, D. E. , Conway, N.

& A ; Dewe, P. 2004, & A ; lsquo ; Using Sequential Tree Analysis to Search for & A ; lsquo ; Bundles ‘ of HR Practices ‘ , Human Resource Management Journal, vol. 14, no.

1, pp. 79-96.Guest, D. E. Michie, J. Conway, N. & A ; Sheehan, M.

2003, & A ; lsquo ; Human Resource Management and Corporate Performance in the UK ‘ , British Journal of Industrial Relations, vol.41, no. 2, pp. 291-314.Reilly, P.

( 2008 ) Strategic HR? Ask yourself the questions.HR Director. No 44, February.Richards, J. ( 2007 ) Aligning HR with the concern: two stairss frontward, one measure back.

IRS Employment Review. No 866 March.


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