Spanish War Essay
Was the Spanish American War in fact a “splendid little war”? What was splendid about it? Yes it was in fact a “splendid little war”. There were a few things that made the Spanish American Was receive that nickname. The war lasted only 115 days and the death outcome was far less than any other war. The United States gained Puerto Rick as well as Guam and other islands in the pacific. In the book it stated that “If ever there were a good war, it was the Spanish-American war.
The war ended with the signing of the Treaty of Paris. . What impact did the “yellow press” have on American opinion and expansion in the 1890’s? The “yellow press” was sometimes called “The Newspaper War” because of the scandal stories that the Yellow journalism brought. The rage was started by the media were the events of Feb 1898 which eliminated the events in Feb and the two months following until the war began.
America declared war on the Spanish and then two months later the sinking of the “Maine” occurred. Americans thought that the Spanish where the ones that sunk the ship.Theodore Roosevelt stated the sinking “an act of dirty treachery on the part of the Spaniards”. He claimed that the United States needs a war. Without any hard evidence The Yellow Journalism published the newspaper blaming the Spanish for the sinking of the Maine. In 1976 there was a full study done on the sinking of the “Maine” was an accident; the result of the explosion happened by a fire in its coal bunker. The impact that the yellow press had on America was that it influenced and provoked them to do things.
Tindall, George Brown and Shit, David Emory.America: A Narrative History. Vol 2, 8th ed. WW Norton: New York, 2010.
Print 1. Discuss the reasons for the emergence of an agrarian movement in the late nineteenth century. Analyze the successes and failures of the Grange, Farmer’s Alliance, and the Populist movement. The Americans farmers where faced with many problems in the 19th century.
The main reason the emergence of an agrarian movement evolved was because of railroads, food processors, thigh traffic and debt. The grain elevator operators and the railroads charged very high tariffs.To ship and store crops was very expensive and caused a lot of major complaints. Because of the high tariffs farmer’s equipment was very expense. The farmers had to borrow money from the bank to pay off their lands or equipment, which put them in debt. The Granger Movement “started as a social an educational response to the farmers isolation, but as it grew, it began to promote farmer owned cooperatives for the buying and selling crops” (Page 883). The main goal of the granger movement was to free themselves from the high charged that where charged by the grain-elevator operators and food processors.
It allowed farmers to buy more amounts of the product they needed for a cheaper price. The granger was successful in several states to regulate railroads and warehousing rates. A lot of the granger members also supported the Greenback party. The green back party supported getting more money into circulation in the 1878 election. In the late 1870’s the Granger movement was declined, and from it another organization came into force “The Farmers Alliance”. Their main goal was to form companies. The farmers joined retail stores and marketing organizations.
The farmers alliance also encouraged women to participate and men that where over sixteen years of age “who displayed a good moral character and believed in good demonstrated industrious habits” (Page 884). In the 1890’s the two largest alliances was the Northwesters and the southern alliance. The African-American farmers in the south also formed the “National colored Farmers Alliance”. Their main goal was to end high tariffs, strict control over transportation.
The farmer’s alliances endorsed laws that included the control of the railroads, and to put more money in circulation.The Populist Party wanted a greater role of the government. They supported the increase in the circulation of money and of progressive income tax. They also supported the eight hour week day. It was unsuccessful because higher farming prices meant higher food prices and lower tariffs meant more completion. 2. Discuss the response of the major parties and national leaders to public agitation over tariff, the trusts, and the railroads. The farmers felt desperate and felt that there was no way out for them.
They were constantly competing with monopolies and trusts.The railroads where putting the famers into bankruptcy and was impossible for them to make any money. The charge to use the railroads cost far more than the farms made, which lead them to borrow money from the bank and put them on the verge of bankruptcy. Though many groups tried to help the farmers out like the “Granger Movement” but they were all unsuccessful because monopolies controlled the whole farm industry.
Work Cited: Tindall, George Brown and Shi, David Emory. America: A Narrative History. Vol 2, 8th ed. WW Norton:New York, 2010. Print.