Southern Horrors And Other Writings Essay, Research Paper
What is mob force? Well, presents, rabble force differs in comparing to throng force in the 19th century. In the old ages following the Civil War, there was a batch of mistreatment of African Americans. Ida B. Wells, a immature African American journalist, investigated and accounted for the force acted upon the African Americans during the Post-Reconstruction period. Wells wrote about her probes because she belied it was the & # 8220 ; first measure to state the universe the facts & # 8221 ; and to do lynching & # 8220 ; a offense against American values & # 8221 ; ( 27 ) . In the book Southern Horrors and Other Writings, Royster discussed the rabble force of the lower South and the stairss that Wells took to stop this force.
During the 19th century, a batch of different Acts of the Apostless of rabble force were done to the African Americans in the South. Wells focused on lynching of African Americans by the rabble. The grounds given for lynching were & # 8220 ; allegations of slaying, burglary, incendiarism, poisoning H2O and farm animal, dissing Whites, being insolent, and other perceived & # 8216 ; discourtesies, & # 8217 ; and sometimes they were lynched on no charges at all & # 8221 ; ( 29 ) . These grounds were non really legitimate. The lynchings could hold been handled in a different manner as in a tribunal and jury, non by a rabble. The rabble force truly attacked the African Americans to a point where they had no say in the behaviors. The people that were mistreated were work forces, adult females, and kids. Ida B. Wells reported in A Red Record that & # 8220 ; during a individual twelvemonth, 1892, 241 work forces, adult females, and kids across 26 provinces were lynched. Of the 241, 160 people were identified as African Americans, which represented an addition of 200 per centum over the ten-year period since 1882 & # 8243 ; ( 10 ) . This shows that at the clip of Reconstruction, force toward African Americans increased quickly.
Frequently, African Americans were lynched for uneven grounds. Many African American work forces were lynched for alleged colza of white adult females even though they had been in a relationship with these adult females. Wells wrote that the & # 8220 ; whites & # 8221 ; alibi was that & # 8220 ; Negroes had to be killed to revenge their assaults upon adult females & # 8221 ; ( 77-78 ) . The imperativeness besides said that & # 8220 ; Negroes were like & # 8220 ; animals & # 8221 ; and had to be punished & # 8220 ; rapidly & # 8221 ; ( 62 ) . The penalty of & # 8220 ; whites & # 8221 ; compared to African Americans at this clip was non really comparable. The statistics showed that & # 8220 ; more than ten-thousand Blacks have been killed in cold blood, without judicial test and merely three white work forces have been tried, convicted, and executed & # 8221 ; ( 75-76 ) . Basicly, the African Americans were being killed by Whites because the Whites were upset that they were now free and non their belongings. They did non desire them to derive excessively much power of independency.
Ida B. Wells did all she could to assist the African Americans in covering with the rabble force during the 19th century. She took several stairss to accomplish her campaigns to stop rabble force. Wells investigated lynchings, wrote newspaper articles and columns, spoke about rabble force, and J
oined organisations to forestall force. First of all, Wells had to “dismantle the stereotypes based on gender and race” ( 30 ) . The stereotypes said that the “white adult females were pure and innocent” but the “African American adult females were motiveless, licentious, promiscuous” ( 30 ) . Wells had to halt this because she did non desire people believing like this about African American adult females. Wells wrote a booklet Southern Horrors that described force. Later, Wells made a address in Washington, D.C. trusting she would derive support from Britain, which she did. Wells joined anti-lynching commissions like the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People ( NAACP ) , which provided protection against rabble force. Others were the Anti-Lynching Reformers and the Association of Southern Women for the Protection of Lynching ( ASWPL ) . These groups were chiefly made up of adult females seeking public consciousness.
Ida B. Wells besides took two British Tourss after deriving support from Britain. On her first circuit, she campaigned and sent transcripts of her behaviors back to Memphis. After making this, the Memphis people stopped lynching for about twenty old ages. On her 2nd circuit, she was even more successful. Wells was to direct back information to the United States, besides. Well was besides successful with the Columbus Exposition in Chicago which excluded African Americans from take parting. Ida B. Wells was really successful with the rabble force but by the clip of her decease, the lynching had non ended. It didn & # 8217 ; t terminal but the figures did diminish greatly.
Ida B. Wells hoped that all her behaviors would assist better the lives of African American adult females. Wells hoped to carry through this by interrupting up the stereotypes between gender and race. African American adult females were seen really face-to-face compared to the white adult females and Wells planned to halt that. She wanted the African American adult females to be seen every bit. By holding adult females join organisations and talk for themselves, African American adult females would derive regard and be treated every bit. When these adult females joined the organisations, they were heard and people responded to them.
Mob force in the 19th century was really hard to cover with. The & # 8220 ; whites & # 8221 ; believed the African Americans should non hold been set free ; as a consequence, the Whites attacked and punished the African Americans. Ida B. Wells, an anti-lynching extremist, became a & # 8220 ; title-holder of truth and justness and a extremely seeable international leader against rabble force, upset, and anarchy & # 8221 ; ( 33 ) . Wells did all she could to protect the African Americans from the rabble. Harmonizing to & # 8220 ; legal history, & # 8221 ; the anti-lynching activities showed & # 8220 ; no success since Congress was unable to go through the Blair Bill, the Dyer Bill or any other statute law that would stem the tide of force & # 8221 ; ( 40 ) . Even though this is how history is recorded, Ida B. Wells did assist in cut downing the figure of lynchings in the 19th century towards African Americans.
Royster, Jacqueline Jones. Southern Horrors and Other Writings. New York: Boston, 1997.