South Africa Problems Essay, Research Paper
During the seventeenth century, South Africa was colonized by the English and Dutch. The Dutch posterities & # 8211 ; called & # 8220 ; Boers & # 8221 ; ( from the Dutch word for & # 8216 ; husbandman & # 8217 ; ) or & # 8220 ; Afrikaners & # 8221 ; & # 8211 ; revolted against English Rule in 1899. This war was called the Boer War ( besides known as the South African War ) and lasted until 1902. In 1910, the Transvaal, Orange Free State, Cape Colony, and Natal were all combined to organize the Union of South Africa which was allowed semi-independent position from Great Britain.
In 1948, the Afrikaner Nationalist party came to power and enforced Apartheid. Under Apartheid, inkinesss were excluded from political life and discriminated against in all aspects of society. The Nationalist party used Apartheid as a agency to cement their control over the economic and societal systems of the state. Originally, Apartheid was meant to keep white domination while widening racial separation. & # 8220 ; Grand Apartheid & # 8221 ; was started in the 1960 & # 8217 ; s which emphasized territorial separation and constabulary repression.
Before April 26, 1994, this was the flag of South Africa.
This flag is a combination of the former flag of the Netherlands, ( the three equal horizontal chevrons ) and three illumination flags that are for the old Orange Free State, the United Kingdom, and the old Transvaal Republic.
Apartheid became know as an utmost signifier of favoritism. Race Torahs touched every facet of societal life. All inter-racial Acts of the Apostless were banned, including matrimonies between Whites and non-whites. Non-whites were turned off from & # 8220 ; white-only & # 8221 ; occupations. In 1950, the Population Registration Act required that all South Africans be racially classified into one of three classs: white, black ( African ) , or colored ( of assorted decent
, largely Indian and Asiatic ) . Categorization into these classs was based on visual aspect, societal credence, and descent. If a individual looked white, they were accepted as white. If a individual had a colored parent, they could non be considered white. The Department of Home Affairs was created for the categorization of the people. Non-compliance with the race Torahs were dealt with harshly. All inkinesss were required to transport “pass books” incorporating fingerprints, exposure and information on entree to non-black countries.
In 1951, the Bantu Authorities Act established a footing for cultural authorities in African militias. These militias were known as & # 8220 ; homelands. & # 8221 ; Africans were assigned into one of these & # 8220 ; homelands & # 8221 ; by the authorities. Africans were merely allowed political rights such as voting inside of their designated fatherland. The chief purpose of these & # 8220 ; homelands & # 8221 ; was to acquire Africans to be citizens inside of their & # 8220 ; fatherland, & # 8221 ; therefore losing their citizenship to South Africa. The South African Parliament, nevertheless, held complete power over all of the & # 8220 ; homelands. & # 8221 ; From 1976 to 1981, four of these fatherlands were created, denationalising nine million South Africans. The fatherland disposals refused the nominal independency and claimed that they still had power inside of South Africa. Nevertheless, & # 8220 ; former & # 8221 ; South Africans life in the fatherlands needed passports to come in South Africa
In 1953, the Public Safety Act and the Criminal Law Amendment Act were passed. These Acts allowed the South African authorities to declare & # 8220 ; provinces of exigency & # 8221 ; and besides increased punishments for protesting against or back uping the abrogation of a jurisprudence. The punishments included mulcts, imprisonment, and tannings. These Acts of the Apostless showed that the authorities had no purpose of altering the unjust regulations of Apartheid.