Iycee Charles de Gaulle Summary Socrates On Democracy Essay Research Paper In

Socrates On Democracy Essay Research Paper In

Socrates On Democracy Essay, Research Paper

In Plato? s Euthyphro, Crito and the Apology, we learn of Socrates? extremely

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critical position of the democracy. Socrates believed that democracy was a blemished

system because it left the province in the custodies of the unenlightened and it valued

all sentiments as equal. In the Apology, we see how Socrates believed it was his

responsibility to stand for the jurisprudence and justness despite the wants of The Assembly, and

this cold have cost him his life. In Crito, Socrates states to obey the Torahs of

the State, merely if they are merely. It could be said that Socrates? positions on

democracy and justness is what finally led to his decease. Socrates believed

hapless leaders are chosen, merely on their footing of their rhetoric ability, non on

their moralss or character. He opposed the attempts of the Sophists to learn their

pupils virtue, cognition and rhetoric as practical topics needed by citizens

to take part in the establishments of Athenian democracy. His belief on

cognition and virtuousness was that these required? absolute definition? which was

to be attained through thorough philosophical duologue and argument. He seemed

to pique many Athenians with his negative dialectic method ; uncovering

people? s ignorance and inability to give definitions of truth and virtuousness. He

believed the citizen? s deficiency of cognition made it impossible for the

citizen? s to vote decently for their leaders or for the leaders themselves to

even run. In the Apology, Socrates did non desire anything to make with the Thirty

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Tyrants and he crossed them to the extent that his life might hold been in

danger, if they had non been overthrown. Socrates was against the seeking of the

admirals from the conflict of Arginusae. He was the lone one to decline to make

anything contrary to the Torahs. In his position it was his responsibility to stand for the jurisprudence

and for justness despite the wants of the Assembly, so he did, at hazard of

prosecution or decease. In Crito, Socrates believes that an Athenian is obligated

to obey the orders of the province or its officers, unless he considers those

orders unjust, ? in which instance he may protest its unfairness, but must accept

to punishment if his protest proves unavailing. ? Socrates? continued to

honour his committedness to truth and morality even though it cost him his life. In

the Euthyphro, Socrates asks? is the pious loved by the Gods because it is

pious, or is it pious because it is loved by the Gods? ? ( 10A ) . This inquiry

can be restated as does the province prohibit this action because it is unfair, or

is it unfair because the province prohibits it? Does this finally average so that

actions become right or incorrect because of society? s blessing or disapproval? In

the Apology, Socrates states the lone sentiment that counts is non that of the

bulk of people, but instead that of the one person who genuinely knows. The

truth entirely deserves to be the footing for determinations about human action, so the

merely proper attack is to prosecute in the kind of careful moral logical thinking by

agencies of which 1 may trust to uncover it.