Socrates On Democracy Essay Research Paper In
Socrates On Democracy Essay, Research PaperIn Plato? s Euthyphro, Crito and the Apology, we learn of Socrates? extremelycritical position of the democracy. Socrates believed that democracy was a blemishedsystem because it left the province in the custodies of the unenlightened and it valuedall sentiments as equal. In the Apology, we see how Socrates believed it was hisresponsibility to stand for the jurisprudence and justness despite the wants of The Assembly, andthis cold have cost him his life. In Crito, Socrates states to obey the Torahs ofthe State, merely if they are merely.
It could be said that Socrates? positions ondemocracy and justness is what finally led to his decease. Socrates believedhapless leaders are chosen, merely on their footing of their rhetoric ability, non ontheir moralss or character. He opposed the attempts of the Sophists to learn theirpupils virtue, cognition and rhetoric as practical topics needed by citizensto take part in the establishments of Athenian democracy. His belief oncognition and virtuousness was that these required? absolute definition? which wasto be attained through thorough philosophical duologue and argument. He seemedto pique many Athenians with his negative dialectic method ; uncoveringpeople? s ignorance and inability to give definitions of truth and virtuousness.
Hebelieved the citizen? s deficiency of cognition made it impossible for thecitizen? s to vote decently for their leaders or for the leaders themselves toeven run. In the Apology, Socrates did non desire anything to make with the Thirty
He was the lone one to decline to makeanything contrary to the Torahs. In his position it was his responsibility to stand for the jurisprudenceand for justness despite the wants of the Assembly, so he did, at hazard ofprosecution or decease. In Crito, Socrates believes that an Athenian is obligatedto obey the orders of the province or its officers, unless he considers thoseorders unjust, ? in which instance he may protest its unfairness, but must acceptto punishment if his protest proves unavailing. ? Socrates? continued tohonour his committedness to truth and morality even though it cost him his life.
Inthe Euthyphro, Socrates asks? is the pious loved by the Gods because it ispious, or is it pious because it is loved by the Gods? ? ( 10A ) . This inquirycan be restated as does the province prohibit this action because it is unfair, oris it unfair because the province prohibits it? Does this finally average so thatactions become right or incorrect because of society? s blessing or disapproval? Inthe Apology, Socrates states the lone sentiment that counts is non that of thebulk of people, but instead that of the one person who genuinely knows. Thetruth entirely deserves to be the footing for determinations about human action, so themerely proper attack is to prosecute in the kind of careful moral logical thinking byagencies of which 1 may trust to uncover it.