Slavery commenced in the 17th century and lasted until 1865. In the late eighteenth century, the abolitionist movement started in the north and the nation started to separate over the issue amongst North and South. As America grew over time, first with the lands acquired from the Louisiana Purchase and later with the Mexican War, the inquiry emerged of whether new states would be enslaved or free. An endeavor was made to guarantee that equivalent numbers of free and slave states were admitted to the Union, however after a while, this revealed troublesome.
In 1820, the Missouri Compromise restricted slavery in all new western territories, which Southern states saw as a danger to the organization of slavery itself. In 1857, the Supreme Court choice known as the Dred Scott Decision said that Negroes (the term at that point used to depict the African race) were not nationals and had no privileges of citizenship; along these lines, slaves that got away to free states where not free but rather remained the property of their proprietors and must be come back to them. The choice irritated numerous Northerners and inhaled new life into the wallowing Abolition Movement. The Compromise of 1850 was made by Henry Clay and others to manage the harmony amongst slave and free states. It was intended to secure both northern and southern interests. At the point when California was conceded as a free state, one of the arrangements was the Fugitive Slave Act. This considered people in charge of harboring fugitive slaves regardless of whether they were situated in non-slave states. This was the main cause of the Civil War, which included the union (north) versus the confederate (South) from 1861-1865.
When Abraham Lincoln, an individual from the pro anti-slavery Republican Party, was elected to the presidency in 1860, he persuaded numerous Southerners that slavery could never be allowed to venture into new territories procured by the US and may at last be abolished. Eleven Southern states endeavored to withdraw from the Union, hastening the Civil War. Lincoln was never a slave owner. In fact, he was born into slavery in the state of Kentucky. He did not believe that Blacks were up to par, but he disagreed with the idea and execution of slavery.
While the war was occurring, Abraham Lincoln issued his infamous Emancipation Proclamation, liberating slaves in every aspect of the nation that were around then in rebellion. This measure anticipated European intercession in favor of the South and liberated Union armed force and naval force officers from returning runaway slaves to their owners, yet not until after the Union had won the war and the resulting section of the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution were the American slaves formally freed. Lincoln freed slaves in states in rebellion against the union but did not free Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, and Missouri. Overall, the civil war determined if the United States of America would actually become “united” and if the people living in this country would obtain freedom once and for all.