Essay, Research Paper
Similarities and Differences of Thomas Jefferson and George Washington In this essay I will compare and contrast two Americans from the history epoch of 1607 1876. The two that I have chosen are Thomas Jefferson and George Washington. First, I will be traveling over a brief overview of each individual so that you can acquire a feel on who they are. Second, I will be discoursing the similarities and differences of their early life, revolution epoch, their presidential term. Thomas Jefferson ( 1743-1826 ) , was the 3rd president of the United States. As the writer of the Declaration of Independence and the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom, he is likely the most conspicuous title-holder of political and religious freedom in his state & # 8217 ; s history. He voiced the aspirations of the new state in matchless phrase, and one may doubt if any other American has been so frequently quoted. As a public functionary & # 8211 ; legislator, diplomat, and executive & # 8211 ; he served the state and commonwealth of Virginia and the immature American democracy about 40 old ages. ( Peterson, Merrill D 1970 ) George Washington ( 1732-1799 ) , 1st president of the United States. When Washington retired from public life in 1797, his fatherland was immensely different from what it had been when he entered public service in 1749. To each of the principal alterations he had made an outstanding part. Largely because of his leading the Thirteen Colonies had become the United States, a crowned head, independent state. ( Allden, John R. 1984 ) Their early life was slightly close but different in specific ways. Jefferson was good educated. In little private schools, notably that of James Maury, he was exhaustively grounded in the classics. He attended the College of William and Mary & # 8211 ; finishing the class in 1762 & # 8211 ; where Dr. William Small taught him mathematics and introduced him to science. He associated closely with the liberal-minded Lt. Gov. Francis Fauquier, and read jurisprudence ( 1762-1767 ) with George Wythe, the greatest jurisprudence instructor of his coevals in Virginia. Jefferson became remarkably Learned in the jurisprudence. He was admitted to the saloon in 1767 and practiced until 1774, when the American Revolution closed the tribunals. He was a successful attorney, though his professional income was merely a addendum. ( Randall, Henry S. 1972 ) On the other manus George & # 8217 ; s early life small is known. His formal instruction was little. He shortly revealed a accomplishment in mathematics and appraising so marked as to propose a gift for practical personal businesss akin to youthful mastermind in the humanistic disciplines. Work force, plantation life, and the hangouts of river, field, and forest were his chief instructors. From 1735 to 1738, Augustine lived at & # 8220 ; Little Hunting Creek & # 8221 ; ( subsequently Mount Vernon ) . In 1738 he moved to Ferry Farm opposite Fredericksburg on the Rappahannock River. Augustine died when George was 11, go forthing several farms. Lawrence, George & # 8217 ; s half brother, familial Mount Vernon, where he built the cardinal portion of the now celebrated sign of the zodiac. Another half brother, Augustine, received Wakefield. Ferry Farm went to George & # 8217 ; s female parent, and it would go through to George after her decease. Both work forces were really bright and talented in the facet of how speedy they could larn. Though Jefferson had much more schooling and Washington had to fight a spot, both came out on top. Washington had to more work for his wealth, where Jefferson largely inherited land and popularity doing it easier for him to win in life. In the radical epoch, both work forces were looked upon as leaders and had extremely noteworthy parts to this epoch. Jefferson as being noted for his political actions and Washington noted from his leading in war. Jefferson & # 8217 ; s most noteworthy services were connected with the acceptance of the denary system of mintage, which subsequently as secretary of province he tried in vain to widen to weights and steps, and with the Regulation of 1784. Though non adopted, the latter foreshadowed many characteristics of the celebrated Regulation of 1787, which established the Northwest Territory. Jefferson went so far as to recommend the prohibition of bondage in all the districts. On the other manus, Washington & # 8217 ; s military record during the revolution is extremely creditable. His first success came on March 17, 1776, when the British evacuated Boston. He had kept them surrounded and immobilized during a besieging of more than eight months. He had organized a first American ground forces and had recruited and trained a 2nd. His small fleet had distressed the British
by stoping their supplies. Lack of pulverization and cannon long kept him from assailing. Once they had been procured, he occupied, on March 4-5, 1776, a strong place on Dorchester Heights, Mass. , where he could endanger t
o bombard the British camp. The evacuation made him a hero by proving that the Americans could overcome the British in a major contest. For five months thereafter the American cause was brightened by the glow of this outstanding victory–a perilous time when confidence was needed to sustain morale. (Higginbotham, Don 1985) There presidency is a very big similarity, as both been served as Presidents for the United States of America. Washington was elected the first as the first president. His qualifications for his task could hardly have been better. For 15 years he had contended with most of the problems that faced the infant government. By direct contact he had come to know the leaders who were to play important parts during his presidency. Having traveled widely over the country, he had become well acquainted with its economic conditions and practices. Experience had schooled him in the arts of diplomacy. He had listened closely to the debates on the Constitution and had gained a full knowledge both of its provisions and of the ideas and interests of representative leaders. He had worked out a successful method for dealing with other men and with Congress and the states. Thanks to his innumerable contacts with the soldiers of the Revolutionary army, he understood the character of the American people and knew their ways. For eight years after 1775 he had been a de facto president. The success of his work in founding a new government was a by-product of the qualifications he had acquired in the hard school of public service. Jefferson was elected the 3rd president of the United States. Jefferson’s victory over John Adams in the presidential election of 1800 can be partially explained by the dissension among the Federalists, but the policies of the government were unpopular, and as a party the Federalists were now much less representative of the country than were the Republicans. Jefferson’s own title to the presidency was not established for some weeks, because he was accidentally tied with his running mate, Aaron BURR, under the workings of the original electoral system. The election was thrown into the House of Representatives, where the Federalists voted for Burr through many indecisive ballots. Finally, enough of them abstained to permit the obvious will of the majority to be carried out. (Honeywell, Roy J. 1931) Both men served 2 terms in office as President. Though Washington was reelected unanimously in 1792. His decision not to seek a third term established a tradition that has been broken only once and is now embedded in the 22d Amendment of the Constitution. In his Farewell Address of Sept. 17, 1796, he summarized the results of his varied experience, offering a guide both for that time and for the future. He urged his countrymen to cherish the Union, to support the public credit, to be alert to “the insidious wiles of foreign influence,” to respect the Constitution and the nation’s laws, to abide by the results of elections, and to eschew political parties of a sectional cast. In conclusion, we have gone over a brief description of Jefferson and Washington. We talked about their early life, their part in the revolutionary era and their stance in presidency. Both men had many more contributions to United States and are similar and different in many other aspects. Though we could only look at a few sections in their life. Bibliography Boorstin, Daniel J., The Lost World of Thomas Jefferson (1948; reprint, Univ. of Chicago Press 1981). Commager, Henry Steele, Jefferson, Nationalism, and the Enlightenment (Braziller 1975). Honeywell, Roy J. The Educational Work of Thomas Jefferson (Harvard Univ. Press 1931). Lehmann, Karl, Thomas Jefferson: American Humanist (1947; reprint, Univ. Press of Va. 1985). Peterson, Merrill D., Thomas Jefferson and the New Nation: A Biography (Oxford 1970). Randall, Henry S., Life of Thomas Jefferson, 3 vols. (1858; reprint, Da Capo 1972). Allden, John R., George Washington: A Biography (La. State Univ. Press 1984). Fitzgerald, John C., George Washington Himself (1933; reprint, Greenwood Press 1975). Ford, Paul L., The True George Washington (1896; reprint, Arden Library 1981). Higginbotham, Don, George Washington and the American Military Tradition (Univ. of Ga. Press 1985). Irving, Washington, Life of George Washington, 5 vols. (1883; reprint, Darby Bks. 1983). How sources contributed to my essay I found many books on both Jefferson and Washington. These books gave me more information then I ever needed. I looked for main parts in the books that showed similar values and sections in the their life that seemed more important, but mostly easier to describe and talk about.