Settlers Effects On American Indians Research Essay
Settlers Effectss On American Indians Essay, Research PaperEver since the first Europeans inhabited America there has been a captivation withits land. Its beautiful scenery and its rich dirt made, for the colonists, an attractive topographic point tosettee. Shortly after the settlements formed, the people started to accept agriculture as a manner oflife. Gradually the settlers became self-sufficing and finally broke all political tieswith their female parent state, England.
In the distance the native Americans ( dubbedAmerican indians by the colonists ) watched as more and more Europeans came into their fatherland.American authorities took advantage of the Indians by flim-flaming them into selling therelands, non cognizant of what they were making, and coercing them off if they resisted. TheAmerican indians became disquieted as they were invariably being shouldered off of their land.
In orderto esteem each others infinite, pacts were made between the authorities and the assortedfolks of Indians. The find of gold, nevertheless, changed all of this. Instantaneouslythe pacts were out of the inquiry and white colonists streamed into tribal lands. Associety kept billowing West and more pacts were broken, Indian folk either resisted orwere taken advantage of in the formation of other pacts.
The beginning of capitalist economymerely enhanced the Whites progress west. After the civil war ended people flowed into theWest in hunt of new land. Soon, railwaies were ploughing through Indian lands, sotelegraph wires, so stagecoach lines. The terminal consequence was the Indians lost their fatherlandand their manner of life. Because the Indians did non understand-until it was excessively late-the truekernel of white civilization, their being as a people was basically doomed.Part of the cause of the Indian? s ruin was related to certain premises thatthey made sing the white civilization.
One premise was that the Whites would contendwith award on the battleground, and that they would utilize tactics similar to those used byIndian war parties. The honest manner of contending to an Indian was one on one, or onewarrior? s tactics and accomplishments against anothers. When they fought the Whites, nevertheless, theyfound themselves up against non single work forces, but a group of soldiers contending in a linetogether. This put the Indians at a serious disadvantage, and brought them to get the better of reallyrapidly. Besides, they had ne’er heard of the maneuver of chase before. In the winter months,when usually they would hold clip to rest and no folk would declare war, they foundthemselves under onslaught from prosecuting American soldiers. The one premise that ledto the Indians losing about all of their land was that they thought they could keep Whitesto their word.
Time after clip, Whites made pacts with folks, declaring a commonregard for each others land. While the Indians thought they were keeping up their terminal ofthe pact, the Whites would occupy or force the folks off their cherished land to travel unrecorded & # 8211 ; atgunpoint & # 8211 ; on an Indian reserve. The Black Hills in South Dakota were the mostsacred of all topographic points for the Sioux Indians. Under the Treaty of 1868, no white individual orindividuals shall be permitted to settle upon or busy any part of the district, or withoutthe consent of the Indians to go through through the same. By 1875 the pouchruddy evidences wereridden with avaricious prospectors, pouring in from all over the state. This was merely oneillustration of many cases where Indians lost their land. Treaty-maker, James Steelespeaking to Cheyenne and Arapahos, ? We all to the full recognize it is difficult for people to go forth theirplaces and Gravess of their ascendants, but, unluckily for you, gold has been discoveredin your state & # 8230 ; ? ( Brown 100 )Another thing the Indians did non understand about the Whites was the extent oftheir? land greed? .
Part of the? American Dream? was to ain land, so, white colonistssought it out where it was plentiful & # 8211 ; in the West. The lone job was that it wasinhabited by Indians. To warrant the invading of Indian districts, the Americans came upwith Manifest Destiny. This said that, ? The Europeans and their posterities wereordained by fate to govern all of America.
? ( Brown 8 ) Besides, it said that because theWhites were the dominant race, they are responsible for all Indians and all that they own.Now that it was morally all right, whites moved onto tribal lands, broke sacred pacts withthe Indians, and even fought with the Indians to acquire land of their ain. Finally, all ofthe Indians would lose their lands to white colonists.The one thing that doomed the Indians the most was the Whites finding toachieve advancement. After the civil war America was left with a extremely productive economic system.Capitalism emerged as a new force in society, rushing up the person? s gait of life.Industry was dining, enterprisers established concerns everyplace throughout thestate as the Industrial Revolution brought engineering across the state like a mightyFe Equus caballus.
Railroads smashed waies through Indian lands, garrisons sprang up around therailwaies, so more garrisons. Communication increased with the innovation of the telegraph.Soon, telegraph wires streamed from the West seashore to the east seashore.
This, to the whitesociety, was advancement and the Indians were in the manner. The authorities sent soldiers toimplement the dehabitation of Indian lands. When a folk resisted they kidnapped theirheads, shot all of their Equus caballuss, and killed off the buffalo-their chief nutrient supply. From1872 to 1874 3,700,000 American bisons were killed, merely 150,000 of them were killed by Indians.( Brown 265 ) The white soldiers were excessively many for the brave Indian warriors to contend off,and finally, they lost their battle for freedom.
The Indian manner of life was basically different from that of white civilization.While the Indian was at peace with nature, the white adult male was destructing it, cutting downits woods and working its natural resources. The Indian had no construct of clip otherthan that of the Sun and of the seasons, while the Whites had concern deadlines and busyagendas. Because of this huge difference in values, peaceable coexistence was non easy toachieve. The Indians assumed that they could swear the Whites & # 8211 ; they were incorrect. Theyidea they could halt prospectors from occupying their districts & # 8211 ; they were incorrect.The white society would non halt every bit long as there was land to be had and money to bemade.
? They made us many promises, more than I can retrieve, but they ne’er kept butone ; they promised to take our land, and they took it. ? ( Brown 449 )