Roman Catholic labor movement in Grodno province (last third of XIX – beginning of XX century.) Essay
Roman Catholic labour motion in Grodno state( last tierce of XIX – beginning of XX century )There was nil surprising in the fact that the Roman Catholic Church in the individual of Pope Leo XIII addressed the issue of working relationships with proprietors, employers. The spirit of radical alteration has gone beyond the economic system, and its influence felt in political relations, civilization and faith. Epistle of the Roman Pope Leo XIII “ On the state of affairs of workers ” on May 15, 1891, besides known as the encyclical “ Rerum novarum ” , was a response to the challenge of modernness, chiefly directed against the Socialists, who thought to destruct private belongings with the transportation of personal belongings under the legal power State or local governments.
The Church tried to do physic through the constitution of Catholic workers ‘ associations, fraternities, brotherhoods. And the predecessors of the Christian societies, church workers called preexistent fraternity society with spiritual establishments, and cloistered orders [ 1, pp. 20 ] .Working in the archives of Grodno, have discovered that in 1886 there were g. Belostoke guild Brotherhood of the undermentioned workshops: carpenter, blacksmith and metal worker, who had a charter granted to them in 1759 by Count Jan Branitsky Clemens and his married woman, written Polish on parchment. Diploma was defined as the cost of come ining the store and other charges, and hence, harmonizing to literacy, in every store had a separate stored in the selected workshop fiducial history, which were made by craftsmen and learners fees, no more than one ruble three months.
Of the entire aggregation took topographic point the undermentioned disbursals: funeral of each of the insolvent maestro, his married woman and kids, Masterss allowing benefits to priiskaniya work in the stores to purchase tapers, which are used in the memorial church service for the dead Masterss. In add-on, each of these sections had streamers that are stored in a local church and are in full ownership of the clergy [ 2, pp.31 ] . Bialystok club of the Roman Catholic fraternity twice a twelvemonth, ordered the Liturgy: the opening twenty-four hours of workshops and a funeral in memory of the asleep store [ 2, pp.7 ] .
In 1886, the czarist constabulary were able to place and shut followers of brotherhood: Gozhskom church in Grodno territory, established 40 old ages ago and has 18 members, with church Mezhirechskom Volkovysk County, totaling 8 provincials in Grodno Bernardine Church Fellowship of the brick works, has 36 members, works woodcutters and brotherhood that existed more than 20 old ages, with 34 members, with Ross Fellowship Church, which consisted of 14 provincials in the Bryansk church Belsky County brotherhood sixpences, blacksmiths, cobblers [ 2, pp.12, 20, 53 ] . Up to 1863 active in the fraternity were Slonim shoemaker, carpenter, pigment and blacksmith stores, based on the literacy of King John Casimir. By 1887 among these brotherhoods continued to be merely to roll up money, but non in a certain sum, but depending on the province, when publishing certifications of rubric of maestro and learner.
Outgos from this aggregation were made at the discretion of the trade to the demands of seniors merely belonging to the stores, in most instances, the organisation of feasts [ 2, pp.39-40 ] .Revolution 1905-1907 gg. opened up new chances for organized labour. April 3, 1907 in the registry of societies and brotherhoods in the Grodno state had been made “ Christian Workers ‘ Union. In this society, working as composed out of the political parties, all kinds of political argument excluded. Activities of the society spread to Grodno state [ 3, pp.1 ] .
Establishing members of this organisation were as follows: Stepan Yulyanovich Pushkevich, Adam Osipovich Artsipievsky, Ignatius Osipovich Prokopchik, Leonard Arutkowski, Ignatius Ignatievich Dashuta, Valerian Petrovich Sacra – all born in Grodno. Chairman of the society was a priest Stanislaw Bernice [ 3, pp.1, 42 ] . At the invitation of Chairman of the society began to purchase into his library books, newspapers and magazines in Russian and Polish linguistic communications [ 3, pp.43 ] . During the being of the library was donated 480 volumes of books, which resulted in the order of a board member of B. Sacra [ 3, pp.
54, 105 ] .Union members were divided on the existent, honest and sorevnovateley. The existent member of society could go every honest, sober behaviour of worker-Christian. Honorary Fellow – the adult male who one time brought the benefit of society 50 rubles, or making any other significant contribution. Member-sorevnovatelem – who every twelvemonth brought into the public exchequer three rubles.
Wishing to come in in the figure of existent members of the organisation was obliged to use to the Board of society and supply a warrant of two full members. Name of the campaigner and the mark was to be sureties in the Company premises within two hebdomads. The protest by members of the confederation against the campaigner told in private personally regulation over the same two hebdomads.
If the board refused to accept, it is non obligated to explicate the grounds for its declaration. The duties of each member were respected and dependably the responsibilities of a Christian: to develop the virtuousnesss of their category, chiefly moderation, diligence, frugalness, solidarity and unity [ 3, pp.12-14 ] .
Priest S. Bernice remained honorary president of all meetings of the accounting society. S. Bernice glorified by the fact that the organisation opposed the theatrical production of public presentations in Russian. May 2, 1908 Prince-V. A.
DrutsKO Mrs. Lyubetsky for services and contributions for the benefit of society was nem con elected an honorary member [ 3, pp.46, 49 ] .
In 1907, “ The Christian Workers ‘ Association ” consisted of 114 members, of them – 4 honorary. During this twelvemonth the organisation held two household eventides with dance and three dramas. For members of the society was accepted as follows: in the instance of the decease of his married woman were given alleviation in the sum of 20 rubles to the deceases of kids under age 17 – 10 rubles ; decease in kids older than 17 old ages of age and tantrum for labour – the money was non given because they may be members society [ 3, pp.54 ] . In 1908 it was decided to cut down the parts for full members and 40 kopeks. Duty for members sorevnovateley remained the same – three rubles. In add-on, physicians for the intervention of members of society to pay the fee in full from the inaugural fund. The patient pays merely a cab [ 3, pp.
52 ] .June 15, 1907 on their manner to Roman Catholic emanation in the street Kupecheskaya Grodno on the balcony of the house & # 8470 ; 17 Calixto Avgusevicha in which the regulation was “ Christian Workers ‘ Union, members of the society, and K. V. Sacro Avgusevichem initiated by the priest in. Bernice was arranged communion table. However, harmonizing to the imperial order of January 29, 1904 and on 13 September 1907 of the Vilna governor-general of all that related to spiritual emanations, without the anterior permission of the provincial leading suppressed: the culprits were fined 500 rubles, or apprehension for up to three months. Grodno part governor, alternatively of straight penalizing the guilty, did non O.
K. the company ‘s charter bakeshops and bakeshop on portions in the “ Christian Workers ‘ Union ” [ 3, pp.73 ] . In 1908, the society besides forbade dancing darks and carry the Christmas tree, which made the chief income of the organisation: more than 300 rubles a twelvemonth.
Grodno governor besides banned the company ‘s charter to alter [ 3, pp.73 ] . By 1911 is the last reference of the Union, has merely 38 full members and 37 members sorevnovateley [ 3, pp.105 ] . Most likely, the being of society bit by bit disappeared as a consequence of progressive restrictive actions by the civil governments.The purpose of society is to raise instruction among workers in the religious-moral, rational and societal dealingss.
In order to implement the intended mark organisation has the right to form regular meetings at which they were made informative reading, friendly carnivals and other allowable amusement, form libraries and reading suites, mediate combative issues and helped lenify misinterpretations between employers and workers, contributed to the device funeral fund, auxiliary-savings and other similar establishments, every bit good as consumer shops, planned and printing their ain newspapers [ 3, pp.41 ] .Harmonizing to the ordinances of the Union appeared that a member of society could be anyone who has paid three-ruble fee, and each member of the board enrolled in the society. In add-on, the board could name foreigners to the station of secretary and librarian at the meetings of the society, which were delivered public talks and readings, to go to foreigners, and this in bend did non like the constabulary [ 3, pp.45 ] .June 15, 1907 on their manner to Roman Catholic emanation in the street Kupecheskaya Grodno on the balcony of the house & # 8470 ; 17 Calixto Avgusevicha in which the regulation was “ Christian Workers ‘ Union, members of the society, and K. V.
Sacro Avgusevichem initiated by the priest in. Bernice was arranged communion table. However, harmonizing to the imperial order of January 29, 1904 and on 13 September 1907 of the Vilna governor-general of all that related to spiritual emanations, without the anterior permission of the provincial leading suppressed: the culprits were fined 500 rubles, or apprehension for up to three months. Grodno part governor, alternatively of straight penalizing the guilty, did non O.K.
the company ‘s charter bakeshops and bakeshop on portions in the “ Christian Workers ‘ Union ” [ 3, pp.73 ] . In 1908, the society besides forbade dancing darks and carry the Christmas tree, which made the chief income of the organisation: more than 300 rubles a twelvemonth.
Grodno governor besides banned the company ‘s charter to alter [ 3, pp.73 ] . By 1911 is the last reference of the Union, has merely 38 full members and 37 members sorevnovateley [ 3, pp.105 ] .
Most likely, the being of society bit by bit disappeared as a consequence of progressive restrictive actions by the civil governments.Therefore, under changeless constabulary surveillance of the Roman Catholic associations were forced to accommodate, happen a qualitatively different signifier of being. Roman Catholic workers ‘ organisations in the Grodno state failed to unify the workers and act on the aims outlined in the legislative acts. In many respects this policy contributed to the civil governments, aimed at forestalling similar societies, every bit good as the existent going of the brotherhoods from the ends outlined in the legislative act.List of beginnings and literature List of beginnings and literature1. Rerum novarum // 100 old ages of Christian societal philosophy. – London: House of Mary, 1991. – 65 pp.
2. The point of habeas informations Vilna governor-general in what churches today are Roman Catholic fraternity / National Historical Archive in Grodno. – Fund.1. – Op.8. – D.
1831.3. The thing about the society of Christians working in the metropolis of Grodno // National Historical Archive in Grodno.
– Fund.1. – Op.9.