Robert Burns Woodward Essay Research Paper Biography
Robert Burns Woodward Essay, Research PaperBiography of Robert Burns WoodwardRobert Burns Woodward was born in Boston on April 10th, 1917, the lone kidof Margaret and Arthur Woodward, of English ancestors.
Robert & # 8217 ; s father Arthur died inOctober of 1918, at an early age of merely 33 old ages old.Robert Woodward was attracted to chemistry at a really early age, and indulged hisgustatory sensation for the scientific discipline in private activities throughout the period of his primary andsecondary instruction in the public schools of Quincy, a suburb of Boston. In 1933, heentered the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, from which they excluded him becauseof inattention to formal surveies at the terminal of the Fall term in 1934. The Institutegovernments liberally allowed him to re-enroll in the Fall term of 1935, and he took thegrades of Bachelor of Science in 1936 and Doctor of Philosophy in 1937.
Since that cliphe has been associated with Harvard University, as Postdoctoral Fellow ( 1937-1938 ) ,Member of the Society of Fellows ( 1938-1940 ) , Instructor in Chemistry ( 1941-1944 ) ,Assistant Professor ( 1944-1946 ) , Associate Professor ( 1946-1950 ) , Professor ( 1950-1953 ) , Morris Loeb Professor of Chemistry ( 1953-1960 ) , and Donner Professor ofScience since 1960. After all of these things that he did, it & # 8217 ; s no admiration why he was on hismanner to a Nobel award in the close hereafter. In 1963 he assumed way of the WoodwardResearch Institute at Basel.
In 1965 was when he recieved his Nobel award for hisoutstanding achievments in organic synthesis. His surveies brought cognition to the universeand opened doors for ulterior scientists that were in his field of organic synthesis. He was amember of the Corporation of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology ( 1966-1971 ) ,and he was a Member of the Board of Governors of the Weizmann Institute of Science.Robert Woodward has been really fortunate, ( which was a small unusual ) , in theoutstanding personal qualities and scientific capablenesss of a big proportion of his morethan two 100 and 50 confederates in Cambridge, and recently in Basel, of whommore than half have assumed academic places. He has besides on legion occasionsenjoyed exceptionally stimulating and fruitful coaction with fellow-scientists inresearch labs other than his ain. His involvements in chemical science are broad, but the chief sphere ofhis first-hand battle has been the probe of natural merchandises, or organicchemical science & # 8212 ; a sphere he regards as & # 8220 ; infinitely intriguing in itself, & # 8221 ; and one whichnowadayss limitless and alone chances for the find, proving, developmentand polish of general rules.
Professor Woodward holds more than twenty honorary grades of which merely afew I listed here: D.Sc. Wesleyan University, 1945 ; D. Sc. Harvard University, 1957 ; D.Sc. University of Cambridge ( England ) , 1964 ; D. Sc.
Brandeis University, 1965 ; D. Sc.Israel Institute of Technology ( Haifa ) , 1966 ; D.
Sc. University of Western Ontario( Canada ) , 1968 ; D.Sc. University de Louvain ( Belgium ) , 1970.Some of the awards presented to him I listed here: John Scott Medal ( FranklinInstitute and City of Philadelphia ) , 1945 ; Backeland Medal ( North Jersey Section of theAmerican Chemical Society ) , 1955 ; Davy Medal ( Royal Society ) , 1959 ; Roger AdamsMedal ( American Chemical Society ) , 1961 ; Pius XI Gold Medal ( Pontifical Academy ofSciences ) , 1969 ; NationalMedal of Science ( United States of America ) , 1964 ; WillardGibbs Medal ( Chicago Section of the American Chemical Society ) , 1967 ; Lavoisier Medal( Society Chimique de France ) , 1968 ; The Order of the Rising Sun, Second Class ( HisMajesty the Emperor of Japan ) , 1970 ; Hanbury Memorial Medal ( The PharmaceuticalSociety of Great Britain ) , 1970 ; Pierre Brnylants Medal ( University de Louvain ) , 1970.Robert Woodward is a member of the National Academy of Sciences ; Fellow ofthe American Academy of Arts and Sciences ; Honorary Member of the German ChemicalSociety ; Honorary Fellow of The Chemical Society ; Foreign Member of the RoyalSociety ; Honorary Member of the Royal Irish Academy ; Corresponding Member of theAustrian Academy of Sciences ; Member of the American Philosophical Society ; HonoraryMember of the Belgian Chemical Society ; Honorary Fellow of the Indian Academy ofSciences ; Honorary Member of the Swiss Chemical Society ; Member of the DeutscheAcademe der Naturforscher ( Leopoldina ) ; Foreign Member of the Academia Nazionaledei Lincei ; Honorary Fellow of the Weizmann Institute of Science ; Honorary Member ofthe Pharmaceutical Society of Japan.Robert Woodward & # 8217 ; s matrimonies include Irja Pullman in 1938, who he subsequently divorced,and so married Eudoxia Muller in 1946. He has three girls: Siiri Anne ( B.
1939 ) ,Jean Kirsten ( B. 1944 ) , and Crystal Elisabeth ( B. 1947 ) , and a boy, Eric Richard Arthur ( B.1953 ) .Organic Chemistry and the Modern EraOrganic chemical science developed extensively in the 19th cent.
, prompted in portion byFriedrich Wohler & # 8217 ; s synthesis of carbamide ( 1828 ) , which disproved the belief that merely populatingbeings could bring forth organic molecules. Other of import organic chemists includeJustus von Liebig, C. A. Wurtz, and J. B. Dumas.
In 1852 Edward Frankland introducedthe thought of valency ( see valency ) , and in 1858 F. A. Kekule showed that C atoms aretetravalent and are linked together in ironss. Kekule & # 8217 ; s ring construction for benzine openedthe manner to modern theories of organic chemical science.
Henri Louis Le Ch? telier, J. H. van & # 8217 ; THoff, and Wilhelm Ostwald pioneered the application of thermodynamics to chemistry.Further parts were the stage regulation of J. W. Gibbs, the ionisation equilibrium theoryof S. A.
Arrhenius, and the heat theorem of Walther Nernst. Ernst Fischer & # 8217 ; s work on theamino acids marks the beginning of molecular biological science.At the terminal of the 19th cent.
, the find of the negatron by J. J. Thomson and ofradiation by A. E. Becquerel revealed the close connexion between chemical science andnatural philosophies.
The work of Ernest Rutherford, H. G. J. Moseley, and Niels Bohr on atomicconstruction ( see atom ) was applied to molecular constructions.
G. N. Lewis, Irving Langmuir,and Linus Pauling developed the electronic theory of chemical bonds, directed valency,and molecular orbitals ( see molecular orbital theory ) . Transmutation of the elements, foremostachieved by Rutherford, has led to the creative activity of elements non found in nature ; in workpioneered by Glenn Seaborg elements heavier than U have been produced.
With therapid development of polymer chemical science after World War II a host of new man-made fibresand stuffs have been added to the market. A Fuller apprehension of the relationbetween the construction of molecules and their belongingss has allowed chemists to orientpredictively new stuffs to run into specific demands.331