Reflexivity person’s values, beliefs, political commitments, wider
Reflexivity is theresearcher considering own beliefs affecting the research data gathering tohandle the issue of subjectivity.
Each researcher doing a study, looks through lensesof a belief system based on individual worldview which is result of different motivations,prejudice, experience of life and etc. While questioning the social issues Enosh& Ben Ari (2015) defined reflexivity as the constant movement between beingin the phenomenon and stepping outside of it. Conducting a research in socialscience has a great deal of constant influence on the researcher and the research.Considering the story of elephant in dark room is a perfect example of researchers’perception in social science; all findings can be right and different but atthe same time wrong. No matter to what extend researchers are trying to be notsubjective, keep the distance and stay neutral, they should recognise blindspots of their cognition system and limitations. In a simple word, criticalreflection in relation to a particular study help the people who are involvedto explore, learn and understand what they bring to the research and how theyinfluence it. The purpose of reflexivity can be described as the exploration ofthe “ways in which a researcher’s involvement with a particular studyinfluences, acts upon and informs such research? (Nightingale &Cromby, 1999, p.
228).Personal andepistemological are two types of known reflexivity. Personal reflexivity refersto how a person’s values, beliefs, political commitments, wider aims in life, socialidentity and interests influence his or her research while epistemologicalreflexivity attempts to identify the foundations of knowledge and theimplications of any findings by engaging with questions such as how has the researchquestion defined and limited what can be find (Ryan, 2005).When somebodywants to be a researcher, requires certain levels of knowledge, skills and understandingof the ethical values and this can be achieved by covering some courses. But thisdevelopment does not end and the researcher in each stage of his study before, duringand after that is developing new perceptions as internal development. In mystudy I am an insider and this role is a powerful reflexive position used togain deeper engagement and insight into participants’ understanding of livedexperience, which has always been part of the nature of qualitative research(Cooper & Rogers, 2014).
I am trying to provide a rigour structure by spottingmy own understating of the issue and provide a robust structure by consideringmy own influence in the result. By reflecting on my experience as a languagelearner in Iran, I first review the influence of myself on the study’s designof positioning myself as a whole-person-researcher (personal reflexivity). Thenfocus on the fieldwork with its embedded processes of trying and undergoing(Dewey, 1997), and examine the outcome for myself, as the researcher engagingin that particular research (epistemological reflexivity). I should steppedback to reflect and stepped up to action in processes of continuoustransformation and development in my interview questions and even my data analysis.I should be aware of details about issues that may potentially bias myinvestigation and while undergoing the interview with others try to expose anybiases they may have.