Realistic Group Conflict And Prejudice Research Essay

Realistic Group Conflict And Prejudice Essay, Research PaperIntergroup PositionsChapter 9: Realistic Group Conflict and PrejudiceMichael Platow ( LaTrobe University ) and Jackie Hunter ( University of Otago )This chapter will analyze the theory of realistic group struggle and the parts it has made to understanding bias and intergroup behavior ( Campbell, 1965 ; Sherif, 1966 ) . From this position, negative attitudes and bias arise when groups compete for scarce resources and their involvements are incompatible ( e.g. , one group additions and the other group loses ) . However, tolerance and fairness prevail in state of affairss in which group involvements are compatible and complementary ( e.

g. , one group additions merely with the aid of another group ) . This analysis of bias has currency in economic sciences, sociology and other societal scientific discipline subjects. The strengths, restrictions and fluctuations on realistic group struggle theory will be discussed and evaluated.The causes intergroup struggleThe historical ancestors of bias are non ever the same as the forces that sustain bias in the present.The remotion of the original causes of bias is non ever plenty to extinguish bias.Realistic Conflict Theory ( Sherif ) :Groups become prejudiced toward one another because they are in competition for stuff resources and/or political power.

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Robber & # 8217 ; s Cave Experiment ( Sherif & A ; Sherif, 1954 )Boy & # 8217 ; s cantonment at Robber & # 8217 ; s Cave State ParkParticipants: 20 male childs, 11-12 old ages oldNone new each other prior to analyzeThree stages, 1 hebdomad eachPhase IAt first groups were separated, no cognition of each other. Normal cantonment activitiesIngroup individuality creative activity: each group developed norms, leaders emerged, the & # 8220 ; Rattlers & # 8221 ; and & # 8220 ; Eagles & # 8221 ;Phase IIGroups aware of one another.At first, no struggle.Competition introduced.Prizes: pocket knife, decoration, hard currencyConsequence of competition-*Intergroup struggleName naming & # 8220 ; hog, deceiver & # 8221 ;Saw ain group positively & # 8220 ; We & # 8217 ; re brave & # 8221 ;And outgroup negatively & # 8220 ; They are underhand, rotters & # 8221 ;Seizing and firing other squad & # 8217 ; s flagCabin foraies, stealing denims.Losing squad stole the awardsHeld olfactory organs while go throughing members of other cantonmentCaught concealing stones in their socks.

Addition in penchant for ingroup members, negativeness within group declined. Intergroup ill will =* clique solidarityPhase IIIChange by reversaling the ill will was ore hard than making it.Noncompetitive contact? Didn & # 8217 ; t work. Just another chance to contend.Introduction of & # 8220 ; Superordinate end & # 8221 ; : reciprocally shared end merely achieved through intergroup cooperation.Water supply & # 8220 ; broke.

& # 8221 ; Camp truck & # 8220 ; broke down. & # 8221 ; Groups came together to repair them.Effectss of superordinate end:Negative stereotypes declined.Addition in outgroup friendly relationships.Groups decided to set on amusement plan together.

Groups insisted on siting place together on same coach.Rattlesnakes used value money to purchase malts for everyone.*Competition can do bias that extends beyond the existent competitionBibliographyIntergroup PositionsChapter 9: Realistic Group Conflict and PrejudiceMichael Platow ( LaTrobe University ) and Jackie Hunter ( University of Otago )This chapter will analyze the theory of realistic group struggle and the parts it has made to understanding bias and intergroup behavior ( Campbell, 1965 ; Sherif, 1966 ) . From this position, negative attitudes and bias arise when groups compete for scarce resources and their involvements are incompatible ( e.g. , one group additions and the other group loses ) . However, tolerance and fairness prevail in state of affairss in which group involvements are compatible and complementary ( e.

g. , one group additions merely with the aid of another group ) . This analysis of bias has currency in economic sciences, sociology and other societal scientific discipline subjects. The strengths, restrictions and fluctuations on realistic group struggle theory will be discussed and evaluated.

The causes intergroup struggleThe historical ancestors of bias are non ever the same as the forces that sustain bias in the present.The remotion of the original causes of bias is non ever plenty to extinguish bias.Realistic Conflict Theory ( Sherif ) :Groups become prejudiced toward one another because they are in competition for stuff resources and/or political power.Robber & # 8217 ; s Cave Experiment ( Sherif & A ; Sherif, 1954 )Boy & # 8217 ; s cantonment at Robber & # 8217 ; s Cave State ParkParticipants: 20 male childs, 11-12 old ages oldNone new each other prior to analyzeThree stages, 1 hebdomad eachPhase IAt first groups were separated, no cognition of each other.

Normal cantonment activitiesIngroup individuality creative activity: each group developed norms, leaders emerged, the & # 8220 ; Rattlers & # 8221 ; and & # 8220 ; Eagles & # 8221 ;Phase IIGroups aware of one another.At first, no struggle.Competition introduced.Prizes: pocket knife, decoration, hard currencyConsequence of competition- & gt ; Intergroup struggleName naming & # 8220 ; hog, deceiver & # 8221 ;Saw ain group positively & # 8220 ; We & # 8217 ; re brave & # 8221 ;And outgroup negatively & # 8220 ; They are underhand, rotters & # 8221 ;Seizing and firing other squad & # 8217 ; s flagCabin foraies, stealing denims.Losing squad stole the awardsHeld olfactory organs while go throughing members of other cantonmentCaught concealing stones in their socks.Addition in penchant for ingroup members, negativeness within group declined. Intergroup ill will = & gt ; ingroup solidarityPhase IIIChange by reversaling the ill will was ore hard than making it.

Noncompetitive contact? Didn & # 8217 ; t work. Just another chance to contend.Introduction of & # 8220 ; Superordinate end & # 8221 ; : reciprocally shared end merely achieved through intergroup cooperation.Water supply & # 8220 ; broke. & # 8221 ; Camp truck & # 8220 ; broke down. & # 8221 ; Groups came together to repair them.Effectss of superordinate end:Negative stereotypes declined.Addition in outgroup friendly relationships.Groups decided to set on amusement plan together.Groups insisted on siting place together on same coach.Rattlesnakes used value money to purchase malts for everyone.*Competition can do bias that extends beyond the existent competition353

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