Program Review In The Criminal Justice System Criminology Essay
Criminal justness system is a authorities establishment charged with the duty of keeping societal order and extenuating offenses, penalizing those who break Torahs and supplying correctional installations. Besides guaranting that suspects have protection against maltreatment by look intoing governments, they guarantee that justness is served to those accused and those affected by the condemnable activities. Serge and Jacques ( 2010 ) notes that condemnable justness system serves to look into, prosecute and punish offenses. Probe is one of the chief functions of condemnable justness system, it involves looking for grounds that could either imply if sufficient grounds points that an person committed a offense, or acquit a suspect if no adequate grounds or if there is grounds that the suspect is guiltless. It is usually done by jurisprudence enforcement agents, for illustration, the federal constabulary. Once there is grounds the instance is referred to prosecuting lawyer.
Criminal justness system has multimedia plan as one of their several system plans. The plan has been necessitated by the demand to inform victims and suspects of their rights. Many suspects and victims are nescient about the condemnable justness system and its modus operandis, procedures and the demand to take part in them actively.
Multimedia plan is a standardised service that is being delivered personally to those affected by offense Acts of the Apostless and offense victims at small or cost. Serge and Jacques ( 2010 ) acknowledge that multimedia plan uses a written and filmed DVD to educate the victims and run into the cognition shortages of those that have been affected by condemnable act. The multimedia DVD is used in every field of offense non sing the earnestness of the condemnable Acts of the Apostless, it is used with about every earnestly injured victim non sing the sort of victimization or degree of hurt. The chief aims of multimedia are to inform victims about the condemnable justness system and to relief them of the emotional jobs they undergo. Multimedia plan provides assorted definitions of footings that are frequently used in the condemnable justness system including complainant, suspect, indictment, harm, victim impact statements among others. It besides make victims knowing refering presentment rights, right non be molested and other rights such as the right to be present at bond hearings and to be released on bond, to notice on supplication deals and a right to offense victim compensation plan and how to entree it. Harmonizing to Fuller ( 2005 ) , multimedia besides focuses on common psychological responses to victimization and ways to make off with the hurt of this response. It highlights assorted reactions that are common for illustration hurt, depression, fright, guilt and anxiousness. It besides makes note of a victims behaviour to avoid individuals, state of affairss or location that may do them retrieve the offense, there is the inclination for a victim to fall back to drugs, potency for increasing usage of intoxicant. Multimedia recognizes the likeliness of development of the reference results and troubles and offers ways to cover with them.
Multimedia fills the cognition spread of victims and the affected party by bettering their cognition about acquaintance with the system of condemnable justness, how their instances are relevant to their rights and the benefits of being involved in the condemnable justness system for illustration victimsaa‚¬a„? compensation strategies given when a victim is guiltless and his repute was tarnished. Multimedia delivers the content to the victims in a manner that is comfy to them ; it is non endangering and non abashing to condemnable victims.
Multimedia plan was initiated chiefly to educate those involved in offense Acts of the Apostless about assorted issues refering the condemnable justness system. Harmonizing to Fuller ( 2005 ) , condemnable jurisprudence and assorted matching procedures that are related to the condemnable justness system are complex and disputing. The condemnable justness system does punish jurisprudence surfs by utilizing assorted judgements that are available in their system which may include mulcts, punishments, probation and even imprisonment. Apart from enforcing penalties, correctional installations guarantee that persons reform and rehabilitate ; correctional system besides accommodates captives. Among the rehabilitative bureaus are the prison, instruction system, drug rehabilitation centres, half manner houses, and employment committees. The condemnable justness system serves to protect its citizens while at the same case punishing and rehabilitating jurisprudence surfs. The condemnable justness system in itself is composed of assorted facets including entities, Torahs, processs, and organisations.
The multimedia plan will promote and heighten those who deliver services to victims hospitalized to be effectual and respond rapidly to offer effectual empathic services. Criminal justness besides plays a important function in mentoring the jurisprudence surfs, it assists them to come to footings and associate what has happened and what ought to be done to avoid such state of affairss from go oning once more. It besides enables them to come to footings with existent life state of affairss and larn how to take normal lives after the event ( Perri & A ; Lichtenwald, 2009 ) .
The impact of violent offense is lay waste toing to victims, their household members and loved 1s. Multimedia is a necessary plan in informing the victims and general populace about their rights and the stairss one can follow in contending for it. Even though informing the victims do non convey them into their province before, it is necessary that they understand their rights and claim them whenever possible so as to recover a sense of control. While it is necessary to predominate emotional and physical support to victims it is of import that a community should understand and hold entree to the services and compensation they have a right to ( Richard & A ; Sharon, 2005 ) . It is besides really necessary for medical and psychological service professionals that are able to react and place the demands of suspects with information refering feedback to trauma and the processs of the condemnable justness system.
Multimedia participants include all the interest holders in the media industry, ministry of justness, victims, affected parties, and the sections of condemnable justness system. The function of media is mostly to transgress the spread of ignorance and educate the assorted victims that are affected by the condemnable act. The Victimsaa‚¬a„? deficiency of cognition refering the condemnable justness system, the procedures that are involved, tribunal procedures and the demand to take part and the available benefits of being involved in the procedures, this deficiency of cognition owe to be addressed. This deficit has nevertheless been improved through educational and sensitisation runs that are chiefly delivered through the multimedia presentations. Multimedia besides uses images that are often related to the condemnable justness system for illustration the jurisprudence enforcement parties and courtroom experiences. Multimedia besides highlights the assorted scenes of condemnable victims that are affecting themselves in positive activities and societal behaviours that enable others to copy the same and therefore assist cut down emotional perturbation and enable them to be associated with positive character.
The function of the ministry of justness is to guarantee the proviso of financess through the authoritiess and guarantee the preparation of appropriate policies that will guarantee that the end of educating and sensitising victims on their rights is met ( Perri & A ; Lichtenwald, 2009 ) . It is the ministry that ensures that policies formulated are implemented to the missive ; it facilitates the working of condemnable justness system and ensures that the condemnable system maps as expected.
Multimedia plan employs assorted informations aggregation methodological analysiss including interview, observation and usage of questionnaires. Multimedia plan demands to roll up information from the victims and relevant parties involved in condemnable activities that will assist them organize a image of state of affairss and understand the victims good. It besides collects information from those patient victims that are admitted to the infirmaries and the hospital staff every bit good.
Multimedia is playing an of import function in the condemnable justness system and therefore it is recommended that its work be supported by all the stakeholders in the condemnable justness system. It should non be seen that multimedia jeopardizes the privateness of victims by aerating their state of affairss but its function in educating victims about the condemnable justness system owe to be emphasized. Multimedia educates victims on their presentment rights and other rights including the right to bond hearings attenders and the right to compensation in instance oneaa‚¬a„?s right is violated.