Poverty increase their chances of a average
Poverty is defined as a state of beingextremely poor.
One experiences poverty when they are limited with resources,capabilities, choices, security and power. Penury is an issue that needs socialjustice as it has been happening for many years yet nothing has changed. Thepoor consists of people from variousbackgrounds, ethnicity groups, and different religions who are put in the positionof hardship from having a lack of education, changing economy, overpopulation,disabilities and so on. Society generalizes the penniless as humans who usehardworking individuals money for drug use, this is entirely recreant.
Poverty of money, poverty of access andpoverty of power are three different aspects of being poor that people do notrealize exist. “Poverty is not anaccident. Like slavery and apartheid, it is man-made and can be removed by theactions of human beings.” (Nelson Mandela) Money is the single largest problem for the poor as it provides them with a “voice”in today’s demanding society. People only listen to what you need to say if itis concerning them in a way they need to act on it immediately. Manyimpoverished men and women cannot enter the workforce from their limitation ofaccess to basic needs in order to look the part to obtain a average job.
Thisissue contributes to why poverty is a cause and a consequence of poor health.Infections and neglected diseases kill or weaken numerous citizens due to themhaving insufficient funds to pay for proper healthcare. According to UNICEF, 22,000 children die each day due to poverty. A greatdeal of these children died due to poor health composed of food poisoning,inadequate amount of food, and generally not having the basic necessities to behealthy. In nearly all scenarios, the poverty-strickenare not without any source of cash, what they lack is the capacity to gatherassets, which is a vital component tothe creation of wealth and abandoning penury. In addition to their below average earnings, the primaryreason for their incapability to accumulate assets and thus increase their chancesof a average income is that their profits or future savings are often expropriatedby loaners or granters who charge extortionate interest rates. By informal/formalregulatory, enforcement agents/organizations who demand incentives or extortprotection money, and by middlemen or other stronger business partners who utilizethe poor because the penniless shortage market information or the ability touse that market information to intensify their own income.
Another key causethat prevents the poor from assembling capital is that they are often forced topurchase public goods and services that are readily available to other groupsin society at market or below market prices, at much higher costs. This leadsus to the discussion of the second aspect of poverty, “poverty ofaccess”. Access is something that the moneyless arenot granted with, likewise the majority of the urban poor settle inoverpopulated and unsanitary slums whereoften they do not have access to basic services nor essentials. Many are put inthese awful positions where they are forced to live in unceremonious settlementsdue to their vulnerability of wealth which denies them access to the normalhouse market. The reasoning behind slums are numerous, as formal markets areregulated and structured, the poor are inadequate to afford the choices offeredto them in the current market. In disparity, theinformal and illegal housing markets of slums and squatter settlements arespecifically geared to meet the shelter needs of those who are poverty-stricken.Nevertheless, similar to other informal markets, land and housing market areexploitative and have several negative impacts. To a great deal, casualsettlements are often located on insignificant land,(along river-banks, railwaylines, steep sloop lanes, on or near garbage dumps);are susceptible to naturaland man-made catastrophes.
They are usually unlawful and those living there do not have security ofincumbency, because of their illegal status they are usually not provided withformal basic infrastructure; services such as piped water, electricity, wastewaterdisposal, solid waste collection by government agencies. Likewise,organizations have to purchase these in the informal markets, frequently payinga greater price than higher-income groups. Studies have proven that in severalcities around the world the poor end up paying two to five times as much forbasic access to public goods and services than higher income groups.
Due to thehigh frequency, of no security for illegal term settlements and fear of closeeviction , the poor are unwillingly able to improve or invest in housing.Furthermore, this caused the deficiency of environmental infrastructure andtheir location on marginal land. Repeatedly, translating into greater rates ofdiseases and lower life spans. The consequent higher medical bills, lostworking days and early demise of income earners further seize their insignificantincome and cements the cycle of poverty. Similarly, the children of the poorare impotent to access good education. Often the standards and facilities ofthe educational institutes they can afford are lower than those available tochildren of higher income groups. Moreover, poor children often drop out ofschool earlier to support their families.
Poor education is keen to thecontribution of entrenchment of thecycle of poverty. Power is defined as (power) the capacity or ability to direct orinfluence the behavior of others or the course of events. The penniless have nopower or “voice” in society as you need to have money orself-entitlement in order to do that.
The poorsuffer from both traditional and modern environmental health risks in urbanareas. They suffer from diseases associated with poor sanitation, lack of cleanwater, overcrowded and poorly ventilated living and working environments aswell as from modern risks caused by air and industrial pollution. Currently,the penniless suffer from the dysfunctions in major cities, the least ablephysically, and as people to influence how cities are governed. In countless cities, both official structuresof government and the civilization of governance tend to exclude the poor fromdecision-making; tend to concentrate their attention towards the small numberof official and unofficial elite. Thepoor have greater possibility to influence decision-making under conditions ofgood governance.
A system of government and a culture of governance that isparticipatory, inclusive, consensus oriented, based on the rule of law,responsive to the needs of the population, efficient, transparent andaccountable. Another important aspect of power is information. The poor oftenlack entry to information that they can use to advance their case when dealingwith the favored group of individuals. Even when information is available, itis often in medias and other forms that are either not accessible to the pooror not understandable by the poor. In conclusion, poverty is a issue that should be taken more seriously bysociety. Poverty of money, poverty of access and poverty of power are threevarious types of penury that the general public misunderstood.
Works Cited 11 Facts About Global Poverty. 21 December 2017
10 powerful quotes from Mandela’s Make Poverty History speech. 3 February 2015.
power. 22 December 2017
Today, around 21,000 children died around the world. 24 September 2011.
Three Aspects of Poverty. 12 December 2017