For my JCM 3001 assignment I have chosen to analyse a chapter from a book called ‘Pity the Nation ‘ by Robert Fisk. Although that chapter was besides published in a book called ‘Tell me no prevarications ‘ by John Pilger. The book ‘Tell me no prevarications ‘ consists of many journalists work placed in one book. Harmonizing to this web site ( N/a, Robert Fisk was born in England on July 1946, he is the Middle East letter writer for the leftwing British paper, The Independent. Robert Fisk graduated from Lancaster University in 1968, studied English literature as his unmarried man ‘s grade and received a Ph.D. in Political Science from Trinity College in Ireland. During 1976 to 1987 he covered the Middle East for The Times from his place in Beirut where he lived for most of his life ( discovered ) hence could be implied to why he was so motivated to compose a book about what happened in Lebanon. The chapter which is straight labeled ‘Terrorists ‘ explains first manus the historic events which unfolded during the Israeli invasion of Lebanon which occurred during June 1982. Robert Fisk wrote in graphic item picturing the horrifying and ruinous slaughter of guiltless civilians from his ain personal experience. This is a historic event which is still an on traveling war between Israel and Palestine. Harmonizing to ( europa… ) , in June 1982 Israeli forces had entered Lebanon to eventually eliminate the PLO ‘s military menace to Israel ‘s northern boundary line. Israeli military personnels whitewashed the Palestinian forces in south-west Lebanon and enclosed the western sector of Beirut, ambushed more than 6,000 Palestinian combatants at that place. In the book ‘Tell me no prevarications ‘ harmonizing to Pilger ( 2005, p.256 ) it tells us of a program conceived by Israel ‘s Defence Minister Ariel Sharon to assail Lebanon to intentionally swob out the Palestinian guerilla motion and to complete off the Palestine Liberation Organisation every bit good as cutting off H2O, electricity and nutrient supplies and started bombing the metropolis, utilizing phosphoric shells and American-supplied bunch bombs in the tunnel of streets ( Pilger 2005, p.255 ) . As stated in the book 14,000 Palestinians and Lebanese were killed and 20,000 wounded during the first two hebdomads of the invasion, Ariel Sharon demanded the emptying of all Palestinian guerillas and Syrian forces from the metropolis ; even after this demand was met and overseen by an international force, Israel still invaded claiming that there were still 2,000 ‘terrorist ‘ in Beirut ( Pilger 2005, p.255 ) .
After the reserves had left, Robert Fisk being among the first to come in the Chatila cantonments writes a narrative, explicating his experience of the wake of the mass executing by Israel. Robert Fisk writes his chapter as him get down the first individual storyteller to organize a connexion with his audience/readers and do his readers understand and feel the experience that he had felt with his friends. He uses a batch of rhetorical devices and the chapter is overruning with facts, grounds provided by really few subsisters and it could be aiming to a wide audience. The chapter starts of by Fisk ( Pilger 2005, p.257 ) stating, “ It was the flies that told us ” . Using descriptive imagination to get down of the chapter grasps the audience attending ; this could be a really utile manner of composing while seeking to do his audience aware of this historic event during 1982 that had occurred. Fisk explains in his first paragraph of the chapter picturing an image of flies teeming between the dead and the life ; the flies non cognizing the difference between the two. Robert Fisk carries on explicating his experience by utilizing similes such as, “ If we stood still, composing in our notebooks, they would settle like an ground forces ” ( Pilger 2005, p.257 ) . In this instance Fisk uses a simile as one of his rhetorical device to give a perceptual experience of at that place being many flies attracted by many dead organic structures upon which they would be teeming about and feeding off them. In the undermentioned paragraphs Fisk negotiations about the flies remaining around their caputs and organizing a gray cloud, this gives the feeling that Fisk and his friends are in a really dark and inexorable topographic point ( Pilger 2005, p.257 ) . Fisk ( Pilger 2005, p.257 ) besides writes of him holding to cover his oral cavity with a hankie ; speaking of the retched and sickening odor filled in Chatila giving an overall feeling of a topographic point haunted by hurting, agony and decease. “ We began to smell of the dead ” ( Pilger 2005, p.258 ) , a metaphor used to compare two things that are non similar to each other, Fisk describes how they were gazing to smell of something similar to the odor of dead organic structures.
Robert Fisk mentions the cardinal word terrorist countless times in this chapter which can be assumed that to him it seemed flooring to cognize how these civilians were killed for a offense they did non commit. He besides said that when he asked the Israeli ‘s inquiries about what had happened they would non give a clear reply and they would order him and his friends to go forth the country because ‘terrorists were still around ‘ . In Fisk ‘s history the existent terrorists were the Israeli ‘s who sent in the Christian Phalanges reserves, killing thousand or 1000s of Palestinians and Lebanese. Harmonizing to Fisk ( 2001, p.264 ) , he encountered some adult females shouting at him and his friends that it was Haddad ‘s work forces and the Phalange were responsible and gave accurate descriptions of the different cedar tree badges of the two reserves. It can be argued that Fisk ‘s successfully uses communicating techniques such as some rhetorical devices, three major manners of persuasion ethos, poignancy and Son and descriptive authorship accomplishments to carry his audience to read, actuate the readers and to stand for the truth as he provides the same grounds as he had seen or was told by subsisters. He uses the word terrorist in an ironical mode to really convey a message to his audience and supports his instance with grounds that he has provided throughout the chapter. For illustration, “ The liquidators – the Christian militiamen whom Israel had to allow into the cantonments to ‘flush out the Terrorists’- had merely merely left ” ( Pilger 2005, p.258 ) . Fisk would ever compose the word terrorist in individual citation Markss to do it stand out and to be obvious that he was being dry. Harmonizing to Fisk ( Pilger 2005, p.268 ) on one side Israel would state that amongst the Palestinians and Lebanese civilians there were ‘terrorists ‘ in Chatila and Fisk on the other manus reasoning the fact that they were all dead and how is it possible for the Israeli ‘s to non see what was traveling about. He besides implies the Irony in different ways like when Fisk ( Pilger 2005, p.265 ) stated 100s of the losing work forces being found in the bowl, most being Lebanese taken for ‘interrogation ‘ by the militiamen while being guarded by uniformed Israeli military personnels along the western side of the athleticss bowl given permission by the Israeli ‘s piece themselves explicating to Fisk and his Friends that this was a hunt for ‘terrorist ‘ . In this chapter Fisk ( Pilger 2005, p.266 ) claims to hold asked the Israeli military personnels about what had happened in Chatila and pointed out to the side of the bowl as they would answer back stating that they had no information. Fisk carries on composing with descriptive imagination manner which is largely what he does in this chapter ; which the fact can be argued as him desiring to make an image into his readers mind to move upon what he is seeking to compose and state us approximately. There is politically wrong usage of linguistic communication in the chapter ; this could be argued that the usage of political incorrect linguistic communication could be taken as a manner of separating between a run journalist and other journalist. In most instances the audience could comprehend it on a bias note although Fisk does depict from all points of position but it could be seen that Fisk has passion for the state he lives in along with the civilians. Fisk asks, “ Where were the liquidators? Or, to utilize the Israeli ‘s vocabulary, where were the ‘terrorist ‘ ? ” ( Pilger 2005, p.259 ) , he asked a batch of rhetorical inquiries in this chapter which could be argued as to remind the readers what precisely he was detecting and utilizing this technique to inquire inquiries is one manner of happening out and dividing the truth from prevarications. Towards the terminal of the chapter it is clear that Israel ‘s actions during this incident left much room for reading in respect to their purposes behind the invasion. Harmonizing to the web site ( N/a ) Fisk ‘s mission as a journalist is “ To dispute authorization — all authorization — particularly so when authoritiess and politicians take us to war. Honestly admiting thatneutral reportageis non his end, There is a misconception that journalists can be nonsubjective… What news media is truly approximately is to supervise power and the Centres of power. ” Through this statement it could be said that Fisk is ne’er the type of accept what authoritiess and politicians have to state and he believes is challenge authorization particularly as a journalist to oversee the power and to be in the Centre of power. Another good manner to procure the audience is to supply eyewitnesses and it is portion of being a journalist. The portion of holding an eyewitness is to be able to happen the truth and to hear it from different points of position. In this instance there were two different sides of eyewitness, one side were the Palestinians and Lebanese civilians he interviewed and the other were the Israeli military personnels. “ My want is for a Phalange to come here so one could kill him with a knife and take my retaliation. The Kata’ib [ Phalange ] killed my three brothers, my gramps, my two uncles ” ( Pilger 2005, p.277 ) , he was a 14 twelvemonth old male child that Fisk interviewed. Robert Fisk besides interviewed a adult male called Amneh Shehadeh, 40 old ages old, “ I wish I had seen the organic structure of my boy, I wish I had seen him dead and I wish I knew who killed him so I could perpetrate this offense against his liquidator ” ( Pilger 2005, p.277 ) . Harmonizing to Fisk Amneh Shehadeh besides said that the Jews had more clemencies than the Kata’ib and if the Jews had non shown up at the right clip all the adult females, misss and kids would hold been killed. In Fisk ‘s history ( Pilger 2005, pp.258-271 ) the other side were the Israeli ‘s watching him and his friends around through field glassess and besides saying the fact that Israeli troops saw the violent deaths and but did non move upon it.
From this complete chapter it can be seen that Robert Fisk is seeking to make consciousness through different tools of composing such as rhetorical devices, supplying facts, giving a broad and inside informations personal experience of this historic event within a chapter. Comparing him to other writes like Edgar O’Ballance ( 1998, pp.98-135 ) who wrote a book called ‘Civil war in Lebanon, 1975-92 ‘ , his composing accomplishments are wholly different from Robert Fisk, and Edgar ‘s book is largely concentrating on what had happened during 1975 until 1992, the chapter that spoke about Chatila are divided into two ; ‘Violence and Invasion ‘ and ‘Mutual Enemies ‘ . Edgar ‘s manner of authorship does non traverse into any rhetorical footings, it is more of information instead than supplying facts to back up a statement made. Fisk ‘s chapter is easier to hold on and since it provides most of the necessary facets for composing a book. Another author named Itamar Rabinovich ( 1985, pp.174-200 ) ; a Judaic author who uses the same tools of composing as Edgar, he talk about the Chatila event in a chapter called ‘The Lebanese crisis ‘ . Itamar reports the truth without any evidentiary facts like Robert Fisk and its more of history stating type of composing throughout his book. The major difference between these writes is that they ne’er acknowledge the environments of Chatila every bit such as Fisk had written about, even until the terminal of the chapter, his manner of composing brings out emotion from his readers. There are few reappraisals on Robert Fisk ‘s book, ‘Pity the Nation ‘ , foremost by Campbell ( 1991 ) stating, “ Fisk was a informant to history ; his book is firsthand grounds of what has happened to Lebanese society ” . Fisk ‘s book is like a book of grounds incorporating all the information collected by himself in Lebanon. John Campbell ( 1991 ) besides writes about Fisk being a British letter writer who has covered the pandemonium of Lebanon since 1975 even though all of his co-workers left and his book reports a certain degree of non stop force and war from every angle. It besides said that Fisk ‘s book shows the power battle of Lebanese group leaders and the insufficiency of the international organisation and outside powers, particularly the United Status ( Campbell, 1991 ) . Second reappraisal is done by Hazo ( 1991 ) giving brief information about what the book is approximately so he talks about Fisk assailing the Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon and the military personnels with entire adventurism. Samuel Hazo ( 1991 ) besides assured that this book exposes political differences and failing of few Leaderships and suggests the book be read by any American who thinks the Middle East it America ‘s hereafter.
After reading this chapter in my sentiment Robert Fisk is a really good Campaign journalist that could be learnt from and wrote the best enlightening piece from his personal experience and showed no losing mistakes to being a journalist. Robert Fisk kept forcing until his occupation of happening the truth behind all concealed secrets were revealed although non through the oral cavity of an Israeli politicians or their military personnels. In my sentiment this chapter provided the audience ; such as me, the best image of the Lebanese civil war in June 1982.