UNIVERSITY of peshawar ma pakistan sTudies COURSE NO 502: NATIONAL CHARACTER OF PAKISTAN (2006-7) Abdul Rauf ASSISTANT PROFESSOR COURSE DESCRIPTION: THERE ARE MANY FACETS OF CHARACTER. THE EMPHASIS IN THIS COURSE WILL BE ON THE IDEA THAT CERTAIN CONCEPTS OF IDEALS AND TRADITIONS ARE LIKELY TO GIVE RISE TO PARTICULAR BEHAVIOUR PATTERNS AMONG THE PEOPLE WHO HOLD IT. THE ISLAMIC CONCEPTS AND TRADITIONS AND THE WESTERN CONCEPTS AND WESTERN IMPERIAL ADVANCEMENT IN THE SUB-CONTINENT INFLUENCED PAKISTAN’S NATIONAL CHARACTER.
THE CHARACTER BASED ON ISLAMIC CONCEPTS IS THE EXPECTED CHARACTER WHILE THE ACTUAL CHARACTER OF PAKISTANIS IS GREATLY INFLUENCED BY THE CHANGES BROUGHT BY THE BRITISH IN POLITICS, LAW, ECONOMY AND EDUCATION OF PEOPLE IN THE 19TH AND IN THE FIRST FIFTY YEARS OF THE 20TH CENTURY. THE EMPHASIS IN THIS COURSE IS AN EXPLANATION OF THE NATIONAL CHARACTER OF PAKISTAN IN LIGHT OF THESE TWO CONCEPTS AND TRADITIONS. A separate topic of Pakistan Study, as a Discipline is included to provide information regarding Pakistan Studies, its scope, method and problems. course OUTLINE: PART – IINTRODUCTION • National Character History and Development • Significance of the Subject • Types of the study of National Character • Study of another Nation • Study of ones own Nation • Approaches to the study of National Character PART – IIproblems in the study of national character: 1. Generalisation in characteristics ignores specific and uniqueness: 2. Explanation always involves reference to generalisation: 3. Generalisation about human beings is not possible 4. Variability within national groups 5. Possible forms of Group Differences: Complete Differences and Partial Differences 6. Characteristics are always changing 7.
National characteristics as innate and racial 8. The ethnocentrism of evolution PART – IiiCharacteristics or Trait-Adjectives of Pakistanis part – Iv An Explanation for the National Characterof Pakistan: Concepts and Traditions which Influences our National Character 1. Islamic Paradigm: • Islamic concept of Man, Universe and Life • Islamic concept of Good and Evil 2. Western Paradigm DIFFERENT PHILOSOPHICAL VIEWS OF GOOD AND EVIL: 1. Theory of Relativism: 2. Theory of Hedonism: 3. Utilitarianism: 4. Intutionism 5. Theory of Evaluation: 6. Theory of Intention: 7. Everything is good: 8. Anthropological view 9.
Theory of Divine Command: THE BRITISH IMPERIAL RULE IN INDIA: British Imperialism: Theory and Practice Factors led to the establishment of British Rule in India: Important Events in the History of India Motives: People Response to the British rule: The British, Muslims and the Hindus BRITISH IMPACT ON INDIA: i. Education and Training: ii. Politics and Governance : iii. Economy: iv. Law and Judiciary: REQUIRED READINGS: 1. Saeeduddin Ahmad Dar and Sarfaraz Hussain Ansari, “Pakistan Study as a Discipline’, in S. H. Hashmi (ed. ), The State of Social Science in Pakistan, Islamabad: Quaid-i-Azam University, 1989, pp. 95-334. 2. The Problem of National Character, Lahore: Pakistan Philosophical Congress, 1963 pp. 10-18. 3. K. K. Aziz, The British in India: A Study in Imperialism, Islamabad: National Commission of Historical and Cultural Research, 1975, pp. 21-11, 26-27, 38-41, 301-315. 4. K. K. Aziz, Pakistan’s Political Culture-Essays in Historical and Social Origins, Lahore: Vanguard, 2001, pp. 377-420. 5. M. M. Sharif, National Integration and other Essays, Lahore: Institute of Islamic Culture, 1965, pp. 13-28. 6. Amin Ahsan Islahi, “Good and Evils (I) – Views of Philosophers”, Renaissance, February 1993. . Amin Ahsan Islahi, “Good and Evils (II) – Views of Quran”, Renaissance, March 1993. STUDENTS’ EVALUATION: Class Attendance and Participation05 Surprise Tests10 Assignments/Presentation/Test30 Schedule Examinations55 100 Note: 1. Change can be brought in the recommended readings according to the requirements during the Semester. 2. Students are expected to read and study the assigned texts prior to the class. 3. Without prior notice or a written excuse, a missed quiz or test will be graded as zero. 4. Except for rare circumstances, there are no make-up quizzes or tests. 5.
Attendance: Past experiences demonstrate that there is a direct correlation between class attendance, learning, and final outcome. Students are therefore required to attend all classes. 6. Being in class means a. that you are engaged in the learning process b. Be able to speak clearly from notes about the content of each assigned reading. 7. Missed Classes: If you cannot attend a class, try to make up the missed work by conferring with a classmate otherwise you will not follow the next class properly. 8. Life Balance is essential for success in personal and academic life. Make sure you allow enough time for work, study, and rest. . Limit your outside obligations particularly in the contest of our Pakhtun society during your academic years. 10. Study Groups: For some students, study groups are helpful. I recommend strongly that the students should form groups for all reading assignments. The following points should be taken into account; i. Question the text and the author’s approach, ii. What the writer is stressing upon, iii. What is his argument and iv. How he is developing that argument. 11. Contact Information: I’ll be available in office on Mondays and in case of urgency you can contact on 03005939357.