One policy. Every country has a foreign

  One of the important things in the foreign policy of a state is looking continuity and change. Continuity earns foreign policy of a state an identity while keeping it between certain parameters. Just when continuation cannot respond to the basic requirements of a state’s foreign policy due to internal and external causes, change becomes a necessity in foreign policy. A state faces change in foreign policy as an inevitability and a choice as well. Change takes on inevitability depending on how strong the internal and external dynamics compel a state to pursue a new course in foreign policy.Every country has a foreign policy. Foreign policy encompasses relations with other countries and is carried out by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in each country.

With respect to neighbors and other world states, the princes from which the princes will remain bound to national aims may change, but the basic principles do not change much. Under the United Nations, where the world states still speak about world affairs, the emissaries voices the views of the countries and remains committed to the same principles when voting. While preparing a nation’s foreign policy, it considers the national interests of the nation, the internal and external environment, national values, foreign policy goals and decisions of other nations and the nature of international power structure. They constitute the elements / elements of Foreign Policy.

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Some of these elements are; the dimension of the state, geographical factors, Level and nature of economic development, state structure, cultural and historical factors, diplomacy.The dimension of the state have the chance to become great powers in international relations. (Such as America-China-Russia). There is also great competition for world leadership. The strongest state in every age plays this role. The US is considered the most powerful state in the world with its large economy and military power. In many countries of the world, there are bases and seas. But now China is rapidly expanding its economy.

Capital strength, influence is increasing. China is also a country that is recognized as a leader. Again, Russia is acting like a rival of the United States. They also want to gain great power in the world at the same time. But the size of the state alone is not enough to be a great power and an effective force in foreign policy. For example; The Middle Eastern countries, although small in size, play a very active role in international relations, which is the largest source of oil. Japan is a relatively small state, and its role in international relations is active and influential. The geography of a state is a relatively permanent and stable element of foreign policy.

The topography, fertility, climate and location of the land are the main geographical factors affecting the foreign policy of a nation. These factors determine both the ability and the needs of a nation to meet its needs. Appropriate geographical factors can help and encourage the nation to adopt higher goals and to guide them towards higher goals. Geography is an important and permanent factor for foreign policy, but it is not a determining factor.

It tends to abolish the revolutionary developments and the geographical obstacles of the nations in communication and modern warfare and reduce the importance of geography.


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