Iycee Charles de Gaulle Summary Nuclear Proliferation Essay

Nuclear Proliferation Essay

            Since the first atomic bomb testing led by the U.S. government in New Mexico, nations had shown interest in nuclear weapons building and testing. (Njolstad, 2008) The atomic bomb testing in Alamogordo signaled the dawn of nuclear proliferation and the emergence of global issues related to human rights, security, social and moral responsibilities, war, and terrorism. A series of atomic bomb construction and testing following the event continually advanced resulting to the cold war. (The CQ Researcher, 2004)

At present, the concerns of nations regarding the proliferation of nuclear weapons and testing are mostly leaning to the threats of terrorism, democracy or social equality as independent nations and cultures, diplomacy and public safety. However, aside from the social and political implications of nuclear proliferation, nuclear weapons also produce immediate effects to the environment and human life. Radiation from detonated nuclear weapons poses undesirable changes and effects to the environment and human life by affecting weather patterns and endangering health and safety of the people. (Atomic Archive, 2008)

            Due to the perceived hazards of nuclear weapons, nations put forth a joint effort in order to stop or control nuclear proliferation and end the threats and risks involved in nuclear weapons building and testing. Treaties were drafter in order to resolve uncertainties regarding nuclear proliferation. Such treaties include the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty of 1975. More than 180 countries joined to stop nuclear proliferation through worldwide cooperation and promotion of nuclear disarmament. The Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty, the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, and the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaties are all agreements pushed by collaborating nations to restrain nuclear proliferation around the world. (Shah, 2006)

            Although several treaties have been passed and acted upon by nations, nuclear proliferation remains to be a great threat inducing fear to all. Just recently, Iran conducted nuclear testing in response to threats of war from western countries. (Russian News and Information Agency, 2008) North Korea has also conducted nuclear testing two years ago and has openly disclosed information regarding the country’s nuclear building and testing activities. The United States, Russia, United Kingdom, France, China, India, and Pakistan are top nations which have been conducting nuclear testing over the years (Atomic chive, 2008b). The question remains, what should be done in order to completely eliminate or regulate nuclear building and testing? Aside from diplomatic strategies such as treaties and dialogues between warring nations, or all nations concerned for that matter, the source of nuclear proliferation should be identified and eliminated. It has been discovered that a black market exists operating for covert transfer and exchanges of nuclear weapons and raw materials for building nuclear weapons. (The CQ Researcher, 2004)

With this in mind, international security should be developed in order to stop concealment of nuclear-related transactions. It is expected that national governments acknowledge the need to stop nuclear proliferation and promote security measures within their territories to make sure the black market is eradicated. Sabotaging operations will paralyze nuclear proliferation. The International Police or similar covert teams for security should handle international operations to accomplish this purpose. Joseph Cirincione (Carnegie Endowment for International Peace) determined that exhausting resources for nuclear weapons building and testing is an efficient way of stopping nuclear proliferation. However, this involves a series of complicated and demanding steps such as convincing nations to join the battle against nuclear proliferation and the contribution of available resources, state-of-the-art technologies and advanced tactics to identify covert operations, and interfering and carrying out measures to stop nuclear proliferation. (Harper, 2008) Prevention or deterrence is still the best possible way to counter nuclear proliferation. (Cimbala, 2001)

The thought of stopping nuclear proliferation is something I believe to be impracticable and fruitless. Nuclear proliferation has branched out to several issues such as the struggle for power, the scuffle for oil and territory, and the undetermined reason why nations have been at war since time in memorial. It is something I believe to be irresolvable because of the egotistical nature of man, always in search for power and control. There will always be two sides of the story, one believing that nuclear proliferation is a problem and the other regarding nuclear proliferation as the only means to become someone worthy of supremacy and respect. Although I believe these to be true, I still hope that those who are left believing in the destructive nature of nuclear proliferation continue efforts and do all means necessary in order to resolve this issue and bring back genuine peace and stability in the world.

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References

Atomic Archive. (2008). “Effects of Nuclear Weapons.” Retrieved September 5, 2008, from AJ

            Software and Multimedia. Website: http://www.atomicarchive.com/Effects/index.shtml

Atomic Archive. (2008b). “Nuclear Testing Chronology.” Retrieved September 5, 2008, from AJ

Software and Multimedia. Website: http://www.atomicarchive.com/Almanac/TestingChronology.shtml

Cimbala, S. J. (2001). “Deterrence and Nuclear Proliferation.” Westport: CT. ISBN: 0313046662

Retrieved September 7, 2006, from Questia Media America Inc. Website: http://www.questia.com/read/106868065?title=Deterrence%20and%20Nuclear%20Proliferation%20in%20the%20Twenty-First%20Century

The CQ Researcher. (2004). “Nuclear Proliferation and Terrorism.” The CQ Researcher, Vol. 14,

No. 13. Retrieved September 5, 2008, from IAEA. Website: http://www.iaea.org/NewsCenter/Focus/cqr_proliferation.pdf

Harper, L. (2008). “The Threat of Nuclear Terrorism.” Retrieved September 5, 2008, from The

            Online News Hour. Website:

http://www.pbs.org/newshour/indepth_coverage/military/proliferation/terrorist_threat.html

Njolstad, O. (2008). “The Development and Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons.” Retrieved

September 5, 2008, from Nobel. Website: http://nobelprize.org/educational_games/peace/nuclear_weapons/readmore.html

Russian News and Information Agency. (2008). “Iran Carries Out Tests of New Nuclear

Equipment – Ahmadinejad.” Retrieved September 5, 2008, from RIA Novosti. Website: http://en.rian.ru/world/20080408/104106469.html

Shah, A. (2006). “Nuclear Weapons.” Retrieved September 5, 2008, from Global Issues.

            Website: http://www.globalissues.org/issue/67/nuclear-weapons