Born on the 10th of July, 1856, Nikola Tesla was born in Smiljan, Lika, which was then a part of the Croatian region. His father, Milutin Tesla, was a Serbian Orthodox priest and a gifted writer. He owned a library within which walls gave the young Nikola the immersion he needed. Although his mother, Djuka Mandic, was not able to get proper schooling, she was nonetheless intelligent; she invents her own household appliances that helped the family do their responsibilities at home and at the farm. This trait was passed on to the younger Tesla; the creativity that leads to invention. With the influences of his parents, Tesla became an intelligent little kid.Before Nikola entered formal schooling, he started with at-home schooling.
He attended school with the dream of becoming an engineer. At first, his mind was set at specializing in the field of physics and mathematics, but as he grew fascinated with electricity, he shifted. However, it wasn’t at all bliss for the young Tesla. His father was pushing him into priesthood, something that barely touches his curiosity as much as the sciences do. Nikola Tesla caught cholera by the time that he was seventeen. His ailment was used as an excuse to make a very important agreement with his father: the moment he regains strength from being sick, the older Tesla is allowing the younger to enroll in engineering at the Austrian Polytechnic School at Graz. Like an answered prayer, Nikola survived.The InspirationsNikola’s mind was indeed an inventor’s, even during childhood.
When he was little, he “saw a steel engraving of Niagara Falls,” creating “[i]n his imagination…a huge water wheel being turned by the powerful cataract.” Upon seeing the steel engraving, he told his uncle that he will be able to capture energy using that technique. His idea was proven three decades later.He studied at the Technical University at Graz, Austria. At the university, he saw the Gramme Dynamo, a generator. When the dynamo is reversed it becomes an electric motor.
With that, he thought of a means to utilize alternating current; soon, his mind was filled with ideas of a rotating magnetic field. He explained his ideas to a friend one time “[w]ith a stick. [H]e drew a diagram in the sand explaining to his friend the principle of the induction motor.” Using his after-work hours from the Continental Edison Company in Paris, he was able to construct and finish in 1883 the first induction motor.
Some of Tesla’s InventionsAC Motor. Alternating current (AC) motors is able to function even with no affecting electrical links and without first converting alternating current to direct current. It is the type of power source that can be found in a common household outlet. It has two fundamental parts: the stator, which produces a rotating magnetic field while utilizing AC current; and the rotor, which is powered by the rotating magnetic field.Tesla Coil.
The Tesla coil is a “step-up transformer with an air core. Tesla coils are exceptional; they can generate extremely powerful electrical fields. For example, it obtains the “output from a 120vAC to several kilovolt transformer & driver circuit and steps it up to an extremely high voltage.”Radio. There was a discussion as to who has really invented radio: Guglielmo Marconi or Nikola Tesla. Tesla had monitors the signals given off by his generators while in New York. Even though Marconi was known and given recognition for inventing radio, the US Supreme Court later recognized, but not until 1943, that Tesla’s patent has latent priority over Marconi’s.Bibliography:Hunt, I.
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