NGO’s Working for Women Development Essay

The term NGO seems to be deceptively simple. It may overlook the enormous variety and differential capabilities of different NGOs. In fact, NGOs offer a kaleidoscopic collection of organizations varying in origin, size, programmes, ideology, role strategy, funding, linkages evaluation, problem etc. NGOs embrace a bewildering group of organizations varying in terms of innumerable parameters.

No standard definition can include all organizations working at present under the title of NGO, originally voluntarism was a doctrine which held that the will is dominant factor or it is a principle relying on one’s own free will for an action.The definitions of NGOs vary as: 1. According to Asian Development Bank the term non-governmental organization refers to organization * Not based in government. * Not created to earn profit. 2. United Nations defines it “NGOs are private organizations that pursue activities to relieve suffering, promote the interest of poor, protect the environment, provide basic social services or undertake community development” TYPES OF NGOS Types of NGOs can be understood by their level of orientation and level of cooperation.

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1. Types of NGOs by the level of orientation.It has further types as under, * Charitable orientation. It often involves a paternalistic effort with little participation by ’’beneficiaries’’.

It includes the ngo, s which directed the people towards meeting the needs of poor and helps them by gaining them food, clothing, medicine, provision of housing etc. such NGO; s may also undertake relief activities during natural or manmade herds. * Service orientation. It includes with NGO, s with activities such as the provision of health, family planning or education services.In which the program is designed by the NGO, s and people are expected to participate in its implementation and in receiving the services. * Participatory orientation. It is characterized by self-help projects where local people are involved particularly for example in the implementation of a project in any village by contributing,cash,tools,land,materials and labor etc. this type is basically cooperation based and on limited scale.

* Empowering orientation.The aim of these NGOs are to help poor people and develop a clear understanding of the social, political and economic factors which are effecting their lives, and aware them how can they solve their problem by using their resources and purpose to mobilize the people or self mobilization. In any case there is maximum involvement of the people with NGOs acting as facilitators. 2.

Types of NGOs by the level of operation. It has further types which are as following. * Community based organization (CBOs) when people start feelings that what are their needs and how can they fulfill them.These NGO, s arises out of people’s own initiatives. These can includes sports clubs women organizations neighborhood organizations, religious and educational organizations. Some supported by NGO, s, national and international NGO, s and other independent outside help.

Some are devoted to raising the consciousness of urban poor or helping them to understand their rights in gaining access to needed services while others are involved in providing such services. * Citywide organizations. These NGO, s are organized for some major or personal purpose.

For example chambers of commerce and industry, coaliation of business, educational group. Some exist for other purposes and become involved in helping the poor as one of many activities, while others are created for the specific purpose of helping the poor. * National NGOs. It includes organizations such as the Red Cross, YMWCAs, YWCAs; professional organizations etc. Some of these has state branches and assists local NGOs.

* International NGOs. These range from secular agencies such as REDDA BARNA and save the children organisation, CARE, UNDP, UNICEF.Their activities vary from mainly funding local NGOs institutions and projects and implementing the projects themselves. Role of NGO’s: The role of NGOs which are common for almost all the NGOs in the developed countries with regard to development in different fields as in education, health, women welfare etc. This range of activities varies from one country to the other. In Pakistan, nearly half of the NGO’s are committed to programs for women development while some NGOs have played an important role in creating awareness and human rights issues.

Some have worked in health care, water and sanitation, education and other useful projects. NGOs in Pakistan can be divided into several broad categories: • Advocacy and lobbying • Policy issues and debates • Emergency, rehabilitation and relief organizations • Implementation of development project and programs FOP consider that there are some sector vacant for development and working as following where role of NGOs in future will be appreciated. • Environments and Energy Saving • Traffic education and awareness Arbitration and Mediation in families NGOs are playing very important role for over all development of back ward segment of society through providing right base approach and service delivery. NGOs are working in the field of Education, Health, women development, economic development and capacity building of civil society organizations. More over NGOs are playing pivotal role to create awareness among community about their rights and responsibility. Pakistani NGOs are very vibrant to watch the progress of overall development and had played very active role to restoration of judiciary.NGO’s WORKING PRESENTLY IN PAKISTAN: In Pakistani NGO’s are functioning in different sectors like health, education, women welfare, child welfare.

Drug abuse, women development etc. many international NGOs are working at national level in Pakistan. HANDS HEALTH AND NUTRITION DEVELOPMENT SOEITY established in 1979 works on health, provision of proper nutrition, formal education.

BAHBUD Established in 1967 is concerned with health, education. HELP Established in 1989 is the health, education and literacy project Depilex Smile again Foundation:To help female survivors of acid and kerosene oil burns in Pakistan by providing them appropriate medical attention and reconstructive surgery, psychological/ psychiatric support, shelter and vocational training Aasha- Alliance against Sexual Harassment: It aims to raise awareness on the issue and assist the government and private sectors to create a society free of sexual harassment. AASHA’s first initiative is directed towards taking active measures to mobilize and influence policy makers for providing protection to women at the work place and ensuring a safe and healthy working environment.Also provides guidelines and trainings to business owners for ensuring a harassment free environment in work places. Working Women Organization: Taking appropriate measure we are strving to equip working women with value based knowledge, technical and professional skills, awareness about their legal, economic and social rights. Pakistan Federation of Business ; Professional Women’s Organization: Working for high standards of educational and intellectual attainments of women so as to prepare them as useful and worthy citizen of Pakistan.

Also have a Women’s hostel and a home for retired women. All Pakistan Women’s Association – APWA: The All Pakistan Women’s Association, or APWA, as it is commonly known, is a non-profit and non political Pakistani organization whose fundamental aim is the furtherance of the moral, social and economic welfare of the women of Pakistan. It is founded in 1949 by Begum Ra’ana Liaquat Khan, a famous activist for women’s rights, who said that the role of women is no less than that of men.

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