Multiple Intelligence Theory: An Avenue to Explore Your Potentials
I remember the days when our teacher always praise one of my classmates who was good in declamation and another classmate who is good on math problems. Honestly, I felt at an early child that I am not that good in terms of learning process. I am not sponge who gets academic information easily. During the early advent of schooling, intelligent pupils are those that are good in English, those that enable to solve math problems easily and those that can memorize a poem with longevity. Long before acting, singing, and dancing were not considered to be a type of intelligence and being intelligent is synonymous to being smart but not talented. After finishing, a basic course in psychology, I learned that intelligence is not just a matter of mathematical ability and language skills but more so a combination of many physical and cognitive abilities.
The Theory of Multiple Intelligences proposed in 1983 by Dr. Howard Gardner addresses the existing principle that intelligence is centered only in the mathematical and language abilities of a person. According to him, intelligence exists as many types because the left and right brain of humans function in different levels. Intelligence does not only revolve in the aforementioned types but also includes the naturalistic intelligence, musical, bodily kinesthetic, spatial, and the interpersonal and intrapersonal wits. He suggests that, with the rise of advancement, it is therefore necessary to cultivate the different types of intelligence in students and pupils so that equal specialization is given to those who are specialized in their own field of intelligence (Armstrong, 2000).
With the advent of Gardner’s Theory, many schools had evolved their teaching strategies by applying the said theory. It is therefore believed that intelligence is a holistic growth of a student in a particular field of the eight types of intelligences and/or a combination of any of those eight. Several schools adapted a new learning design that will suit the needs for a better teaching learning process using Gardner’s theory by asking the students view whether through surveys or interviews. Interestingly, many students agreed upon the idea of putting many interdisciplinary units that are devised to give a diverse learning subject matter focusing on the types of intelligences proposed by Gardner. Adding to that, many talents and intelligent students on every field have been unraveled and have learned to give concentrate on their own potentials. Other curriculum have been designed to suit not only the basic needs on subjects such as language, sciences and math but also those that are talent fulfilling such as dance classes and theater arts classes (Guignon, 1998).
In the school where I am currently studying, most of the eight types of intelligences were somehow elucidated in the curriculum. There are courses that enable linguistic intelligent people to nurture their talent by taking some creative writing courses. Dance, sports oriented programs and subjects in the physical education program, and theater courses gives the students an option to take an elective whether they want to improve their aptitudes. In the musical intelligence part, we are required to take at least one subject n musical appreciation. The naturalistic intelligence has also been incorporated in the biology classes and other life sciences courses. The other types, interpersonal and intrapersonal intelligences are somehow not elucidated since they tackle the depths of psychology.
I consider myself as a late bloomer as I am not that good in academics during my early schooling. Now, I think I had developed the passion for learning as I had been good in terms of class discussions and absorbing knowledge taught in the course of lectures. After learning the basics of the multiple intelligence concepts I think the best among those eight types that applies to me is the naturalistic intelligence and the logical-mathematical ability. At an early age, I can say that my passion is learning science especially the life sciences part where I am interested in scrutinizing its details. I also dream of becoming a medical doctor. As a naturalist, my interests circles on the topics of biology especially on the part growth and development of organisms. I can say that I also have a talent on discriminating life species. As a person who is interested in wandering and adventure, I suppose this is the reason why I am most interested on learning natural sciences. In terms of logical-mathematical ability,
I can say that I am a late bloomer because during my early years of schooling I really hated math, I disregarded numbers, operations, and problem solving. As I entered another step of learning I realized that math is easy as long you have the open mindedness to study its concept. Now, I love math while solving problem gives a satisfaction. Learning is not easy but it’s the matter of interest that drives me to extend my comfort zones and discover new knowledge through different fields. As a matter of fact, I also want to develop my skills in the bodily-kinesthetic part. I want to be involved in dancing and other spots activities. I am passionate to learn as much things that life can offer.
While browsing the internet, I have learned that the multiple intelligence theory is more or less flexible and less discriminating as compared to the traditional view of intelligence. The traditional view of intelligence points out that every man is entitled a fixed amount of intelligence through out his lifetime which does not alter. It also presents that intelligence is only measured through aptitudes on mathematical, scientific and linguistics. On the other hand, the multiple intelligence theory presents an optimistic view on the perception of intelligence as it articulate that intelligence is not fixed but learned through time. Intelligence can also be improved and the types of intelligence are not centered on the mathematical and linguistics abilities but more so with the other types such as bodily talents and interpersonal aptitudes. Hence, most of the academe have adapted on the latter theory as they believe that we can stretch the avenues of the students by providing them diverse means of teaching strategies that will conform on the interests of their students basing from the eight identified types of intelligences (Educational Broadcasting Corporation, 2004).
In terms of suggestions, further elucidation of teaching methods should be done address the teaching learning process with the use of Gardner’s theory. It is a promising project that encourages every student like me to make learning fun and holistic. Likewise, more students will also be encouraged to pursue the interests and develop their own full potentials and discover new aptitudes they think they never had before.
Armstrong, T. (2000). Multiple Intelligences. ThomasArmstrong.com. Retrieved from
Educational Broadcasting Corporation (2004). How Does this Theory Differ From the
Traditional Definition of Intelligence? Concept to Classroom, Workshop: Tapping into
multiple Intelligences. Retrieved from
Guignon, A. (1998). Multiple Intelligences: A Theory for Everyone. Education World, Inc.
Updated last 11-11-2004. Retrieved from http://www.education-