Mesopotamia And Egypt Essay Research Paper Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia And Egypt Essay, Research PaperMesopotamia and EgyptThe beginning of the many differences between Mesopotamia andUnited arab republics can be found in thegeographic locations of these civilisations.
Egypt,protected by natural barriers on all sides,remained unswayed for many old ages. Not many othercivilisations came in contact with theEgyptian people. Therefore, they developed much otherwisepolitically and socially compared toMesopotamia. Mesopotamia was invariably invaded byaliens who would integrate theircivilization into their freshly conquered society and organize a newone by force. It is no surprise sothat the two civilisations would stop up with whollydifferent thoughts about the universe.Egypt s societal construction consisted of the Pharaoh,priests, husbandmans, merchandisers, andcraftsmen. The Pharaoh was the God-King.
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Not merely did hegovern Egypt, but he was animmortal ( or a God ) . Pharaohs were believed to be Gods whohad chosen to populate on Earth for aclip. These immortal work forces were extremely respected by Egyptianpeople because of their godlypowers. The Pharaoh s will was jurisprudence, and his wisdomall-knowing ( Adler,1996,26 ) . Becausethe Gods spoke through the Pharaoh, his ordinances and Torahswere to be carried out withoutinquiry. Otherwise the Gods would discontinue to smile uponEgypt.
Priests were of import to Egyptians but were nonawfully powerful ( like they were inMesopotamia ) . They simply enforced spiritual beliefs andhelped the male monarch when he wasunpopular. The Free renter husbandmans, who worked on estatesowned by a landholder orauthorities functionary, constituted the bulk of thepopulation. These husbandmans worked on thisgranted land in order to supply service to the Crown ( thePharaoh ) . Their life, like the Egyptiansof higher and lower categories, was highly stable andpredictable.
They normally resided incrowded small towns that stretched across the Nile River. Inthese small towns, the merchandisers andcraftsmen could besides be found, but Egypt had no existent metropoliss.The capital metropoliss in Egypt served asroyal castles for the wealthy or for societal amusement.The bulk of the population hadnil to make with these metropoliss, except to move as a labourforce.
Unlike many other civilisations, themetropoliss of Egypt were non used as major trade or controlcentres among small towns. Trade andcommercialism were of small importance to Egyptians.On the other manus, Mesopotamia was a immense aggregationof many civilizations. Numeroussums of aliens invaded and forced their beliefs andthoughts upon the Mesopotamians. All ofthis cultural influence produced many rapid alterations andcaused utmost instability. Rulers werenon Gods, were non every bit good respected, and had to contend fortheir control. Mesopotamians did nonexperience the security that Egyptians had.
Thvitamin Es economic system mannerunder changeless emphasis because ofthe revenue enhancements needed to back up an ground forces. Armies were of extremeimportance in order to forestallfarther invasions and to quell frequent rebellions thatoccurred. The stray Egyptians ne’erhad to raise an ground forces or put any heavy revenue enhancements. Mesopotamiansthough, because of the figure ofencroachers, had many metropoliss and trade centres. The assortment ofpeople within the metropoliss producedmany cultural accomplishments and progresss. They had gooddeveloped route systems to bettercommunicating and enforce authorities control in environingsmall towns. They, under thePhoenicians, developed a water-based trade system thatreached every bit far as Great Britain. By sea,they traded information, dyes, and metals such as Cu andFe.
Because of their exposure tomany different thoughts, Mesopotamians were really influentialin the ancient universe and are stilltoday.As for the Egyptians, their thoughts vanished with thedisappearing of their civilisations.Their natural barriers separated them from the harshworlds around them. They were stable andwere non subjected to invasions by aliens for manycenturies. This provided a false sense ofsecurity. They took really small steps to forestall ablack invasion from happening. United arab republicwas non prepared militarily ; they had small trainedsoldiers and really few advanced arms.Egyptians trusted that the Gods were responsible for theirlong reign without any outside menaces.
They believed that the Gods smiled on Egypt, and they besidestook this to intend that they weresuperior to any other civilizations. The lone existent people wereEgyptian people and anyone else wasconsidered inferior. This narcissistic position resulted in alimited trade of cognition becausealiens had small to offer the superior Egyptians.Therefore, they did non progress scientifically,mathematically, or militarily like the Mesopotamians had.This feeling of high quality finallyresulted in their licking when encroachers eventually did come.
The experiences of the Mesopotamians and Egyptianswere really different because of theirlocation. Egyptians viewed the universe as perfect and safebecause they had ne’er experienced thetraumatic invasions that the Mesopotamians did. Egyptianlife was comfy and unchangingwith really few endangering state of affairss. Mesopotamiansexperience much alteration and instability.
They had no true individuality because of the many newinfluences. They were invariably worriedabout their security and the universe, to them, was non apeaceable topographic point. However, their experiencesprepared them for the them for endurance in the hereafter, whileEgypt s failure to set to a newstate of affairs lead to their death. Mesopotamian positions canstill be found today and Egyptian positionsdisappeared along with their high quality in Egypt.