Max major, but unsuccessful, uprising in India.

Max DuncanMs KochHistory Detective11 January, 2018                                                             Gandhi’s LifeMahatma Gandhi was born in October 2, 1889. He is known to be the father of India’s nation. Gandhi was a peaceful activist who led India to independence using non-violent protests. Gandhi grew up living in a merchant caste family that practiced Hinduism. He was a lawyer for 21 years before starting his non-violent protests. Like his family, Gandhi studied Hinduism. Gandhi’s main goal was to kick the British empire out of India.

‘If this empire seems an evil thing to me, it is not because I hate the British, I only hate the empire.’ -Gandhi. In 1858 the British rule over India took place.

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It all started when a rebellion by Indian troops serving in the British East India Company. The Indian rebellion was a major, but unsuccessful, uprising in India. The British ruled India for nearly two-hundred years. India was the most important territory of the British Empire. India had spices, jewels, and textiles, as well as a huge population for advancing Britain’s military- India’s manpower was the backbone of the British military power. In India the majority of the people practice Hinduism and during the British rule, the British didn’t interfere in the people’s religion or culture.

Hinduism was originated in South Asia which is where Gandhi lived. Hindus believe in truth, karma as in cause and effect, and dharma which is a moral and religious law of people’s behaviours. Hindus also believe in one supreme being called Braham. Braham has many forms, pervades the whole universe, and is symbolised by a sacred symbol called Om. Gandhi’s father was Hindu and his mother was from a Hindu family. Hinduism teaches non-violence which is what Gandhi used in his protests.

He used non-violent protests such as fasting, nonviolent marches, and wrote letters to important people explaining his intentions. He used these skills a lot in South Africa.Gandhi’s time in South Africa helped design the activist he was. He went to South Africa as a civil rights lawyer to help fight discrimination. When he got to South Africa he did not realize that racial discrimination against people of color was part of daily life in South Africa.

Gandhi experienced the racism first hand after he booked a train to Pretoria. He decided to stay in South Africa and resist the country’s legal discrimination. Gandhi was only 24 years old at that time.

Gandhi then created the term Satyagraha which means loyalty to the truth. Satyagraha is a particular form of nonviolent resistance or civil resistance. Then Gandhi Returned to India in 1915. He developed Satyagraha in the Indian Independence Movement.

After coming back to South Africa, Gandhi followed his mentor’s advice, Gokhale, to travel around India to see people’s struggles. Gandhi started to help people’s struggles and Gandhi got a good reputation from helping people. Then Gandhi became a nationalist politician as in Gandhi wanting his country to become independent. Gandhi declined to other people’s offers of joining another political group. Soon after, Gandhi went to prison for six years for going against British rule, than two years later gandhi got out of jail. In 1920, Gandhi took control of the Indian government and continued protests until 1930 when Indian independence was granted.

Mahatma Gandhi died January 30, 1948, as a result of assassination. Gandhi was assassinated by Nathuram Godse. Nathuram Godse grew up in India and was a strong patriot. Before he was born, his parents had three sons and all of them died in infancy.

To ensure death did not claim Nathuram as well, they brought him up as a girl. They pierced his nose and forced him to wear the nose ring until they had yet another son. The role of living as a female must have rightly confused him, and so Nathuram became a model of masculinity to show the world that he was in reality a man. Nathuram Godse thought that Gandhi’s peaceful ways showed that he was too soft and feminine in his approach to leading congress and India and so he killed Gandhi.

One year after the assassination Nathuram Godse died in prison on November 15, 1949. Even though Gandhi is no longer with us, he has left behind teachings that are still used today such as his three principles of nonviolence (ahimsa) , the fight for truth (satyagraha) , and individual and political freedom (swarji) . His teachings continue to motivate different people from all over the world and his philosophy has become an iconic way of living one’s truth.  


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