Losses making the team strategy bad. Team
Losses due to faulty group process are thefactors that can impede the way the team can perform, preventing them fromtheir potential. Two main reasons: According to the model are motivational pluscoordination fault/losses will affect performance. A Motivational loss would be considered as 2players not putting in 100% due to a motivation decrease which can causepotential not being met due to lack of focus or a personal problem.
This willlead to bad performances and bad decision making in the game or a lack ofeffort from the player. Coordination: Due to negative relationships in the team a player may not playwell. This can lead to other members working harder making the team strategybad. Team sport when there is bad coordination equals bad performance. An example is a Tchoukball match, 2 playersputting little effort into going back and defending their man. When they domark their man, they don’t show commitment such as blocking the pass/shot.Teammates are working harder to try and cover for them, but don’t communicatewith the two. Cohesion is the degree to which group member’swork together to achieve common goals and objectives.
To prevent the negativesof Steiner’s theory you would need to motivate players by doing team buildingto get everyone involved and motivated to increase their skill levels. Ringelmann’s observation was that when groupsof co-workers pulled on a rope, their overall group performance was inferior tothe sum of their individual performances. As the group sizes increased in thepulling of rope task, the difference between a group’s actual performance andits potential performance increased progressively. Productivity is dependentupon three factors: task demands, individual and group resources, and theprocess by which resources are mobilized. Therefore, a knowledge of taskdemands and of group member’s resources indicate a group’s potentialproductivity. The rope pulling calls for the separatemember’s efforts to be combined through social coordination. So, as the groupsize increases, the coordination of each subject provides an opportunity forfaulty social process which increases the difference between actual andpotential group performances. Therefore, demonstrating how the efficiency ofeffort may decrease when the group size increases even though the total groupoutput increases.
Ringelmann’s study is significant because it involvessubjects for ratio measures of individual and group output. A sporting exampleof this is rowing. A team of 9 against a team of 2.
Someone from the team of 9 maynot put in effort due to the fact that they have 8 other teammates to do therowing. This could be due to illness, tiredness or lack of motivation. Toprevent this you would need to have the ideal size team, keep the peoplemotivated and monitor team size.