King Henry Iv Essay Research Paper Henry
King Henry Iv Essay, Research PaperHenry IV was born in April 1367 and was the lone boy of John of Gaunt, the boy of Edward III, and Blanche, the girl of Henry Grismond, Duke of Lancaster.
Known as Henry of Bolingbroke after his place of birth in Lincolnshire, he was made a knight of the Garter in 1377. In 1380, at the age of 13, he married Mary de Bohun, the youngest girl and coheiress of Humphrey, the last Earl of Hereford. They had four boies and two girls before her decease at the age of 24, in 1394. As the Earl of Darby, Henry entered the House of Lords in 1385.
In 1387 he supported his uncle Thomas, Duke of Gloucester, in his resistance to Richard II. ( Gloucester was besides Richard s uncle, and Henry was the King s First cousin. )While taking portion in the Merciless Parliament of 1388, Henry regained the favour of the King and in 1390 departed on the Crusade to Lithuania and so to Jerusalem. Visiting the male monarchs of Bohemia and Hungary and the Archduke of Austria and so Venice in 1392-1393, he went merely every bit far as Rhodes and so returned to England as a popular hero. He shortly entered the authorities ; he served on the Council while Richard was absent in Ireland in 1395 and for his attempts was made Duke of Hereford in 1397.Henry shortly quarreled with the Duke of Norfolk, each impeaching the other of set uping the slaying of the Duke of Gloucester and naming for a test by conflict.
Both work forces were banished from the kingdom. Norfolk for life and Henry for 10 old ages with a provision that he would be allowed to inherit from his male parent. But on the decease of John of Gaunt in 1399, the Lancastrian estates were confiscated by the King, and Henry decided to return, apparently to claim his promised heritage.Taking advantage of the King s absence in Ireland, Henry landed on July 4, 1399, at Ravenspur, near Bridington, where he was shortly joined by the northern Lords who were unhappy with the policies of the monarchy. By the terminal of the month Henry and his followings had Raised an ground forces and marched to Bristol.
When Richard returned in August, the royal ground forces started to abandon ; Henry claimed the throne for himself, and on August 19 he captured Richard near Conway. He so went with his captive to London and at that place, on September 29, Richard abdicated the throne. On October 13 Parliament officially deposed Richard and transferred the Crown to Henry. This parliamentary action had constitutional importance, since it revived the claim that Parliament had the power to make sovereigns. Prior to his enthronement, Henry condemned Richard to imprisonment, where the deposed sovereign shortly dies, perchance due to famishment.
Once on the throne, Henry spent his reign solidifying his place and taking the menace posed by the Lords who supported Richard. Get downing in 1400, Henry made expeditions in Scotland against the Duke of Albany and the 4th Earl of Douglas and in Wales against Owen Glendower. He was an active protagonist of the Orthodox Church against the Lollards, and in 1401 De heretico comburendo, one of the most of import medieval statues, was passed. In 1402 he married Joan of Navarre, the widow of John V, Duke of Brittany, who survived him without issue. In the north the Percy household rose against the King, but Henry defeated them in July 1403 at Shrewsbury and the undermentioned twelvemonth at Dartmouth. A rebellion by the 1st Earl of Northumberland, Archbishop Scrope, and the Earl Marshal was defeated in 1405, and 2 old ages subsequently the Beauforts claims to the throne were ended.
By the Battle of Brabham Moor in 1408, the domestic menaces to the throne were ended, and Henry could turn his attending to the civil wars in France every bit good as reforming his family disposal. He was able to get the better of an effort to coerce him to vacate in favour of his more popular boy ( subsequently Henry V ) , but his wellness declined, possibly because of epilepsy. On March 20, 1413, he was seized with a fatal onslaught while praying at Westminster Abbey and died in the Jerusalem Chamber. He was buried at Canterbury.