Reasoning has become a valued ability with in the judicial system. There are many ways of going about rational thinking. Reasoning is associated with thinking, cognition, and intellect. Reason, is one of the ways by which thinking comes from one idea to a related idea. Example, it is the means by which rational beings understand themselves to think about cause and effect, truth and falsehood, and what is good or bad.
In the Johnsons definition of reasoning is defined as the process of forming conclusions, judgments, or inferences from facts or premises or a basis or cause, as for some belief, action, fact, event. Reason is in opposition to sensation, perception, feeling, desire, as the by which fundamental truths are automatically apprehended. These fundamental truths are the causes or reasons of all derivative facts. According to a German philosopher by the name of Immanuel Kant, reason is the power of blending into unity, by means of comprehensive principles, the concepts that are provided by the mind.
There are many ways of reasoning, here finding out if the decision was made from the many premises or theories. Is an act morally good because its consequences are good? From experience I have come to understand that not all decisions are made from a rational or logical perception when the decision could negatively affect the decider. For example if an officer lies about his son committing an act that is morally wrong when being asked to explain the incident.
This is related to consequentialism, because the officer lying kept his son from being in more trouble, which could be considered a morally good act from producing positive consequences. On the other hand the officer did not perform his duties of deontology and regularianism, so these wouldn’t be considered ethical in this situation. The main motive for this paper is to argue the point that determine ethical and moral decision making and to get an understanding on making judgments and if their intention for the decision is morally good or bad.