INSTITUT negatives traits of Moshe Dayan as
INSTITUTKEPIMPINAN DAN PENGURUSAN SQUADRONOFFICER COURSESERIAL89/18EXPANGLIMAMOSHEDAYANPREPARED BYSSG-2KAPT MOHS SUKRI BIN MD ZAINUN TUDM (374956) KAPT BASIR BIN IDRIS TUDM (374451)KAPT ADAM BIN OTHMANTUDM (374264) “If you want to make peace, don’t talk to yourfriend, you talk to your enemies”.
“MOSHE DAYAN” TABLE OF CONTENTS ARIELSHARON NO SUBJECT PAGE 1. TABLE OF CONTENTS 22. INTRODUCTION 33. AIM 44.
SCOPE 4 Moshe dayan Personal Background 5 ChosenPrinciple for Moshe Dayan 9 PositiveTraits of Moshe Dayan 9 NegativeTraits of Moshe Dayan 12 LessonLearnt in relation to the Principle chosen 135. CONCLUSION 146. RECOMMENDATIONS 157. BIBLIOGRAPHY / REFERENCES 17 MOSHE DAYAN References:A.
PPB (MAL) 100 Malaysian Armed Forces StaffManual, Volume 1, Service Writing (Provisional).B. Introductionfor Ex.
Panglima For Squadron Officer Course Serial 89/19 dated 26 Jan 18. INTRODUCTION 1. Moshe Dayan was a famous icon ofIsraeli Military leader and politician. He was born in May 1915 in.
He startedhis military life at the age of 14 when he joined Haganah the Jewish militaryorganization against Arab attacks. He retired from military at the age of 66and involved in politic 2 year later until his death on 16 October 1981 due toserious heart attack. 2. Duringhis life, he has been involved in seven wars between 1936 until 1973. He was a veryexperienced military personnel because he rising through lower rank until hewas appointed as Chief of Staff in Israeli Defence Force.
He was a goodnegotiator during Armistice Agreement with which led to a long term peaceagreement with Jordan. The most significant about Moshe Dayan is when he playeda major role in tremendous short time victory in Six Day War. He was also responsiblefor the total failure of Israeli Defence Force in Yom Kippur War.
AIM 3. Theaim of this paper is to explain the positives and negatives traits of MosheDayan as a one of the Israeli top leader and to explore the leadership as alesson learnt in recent modern day warfare and conflict. SCOPE 4. The paper will be divided accordinglyto this scope:a. Leader background.b. Chosen principle to describe the leader.
c. Positive traits.d. Negative traits.e.
Lesson learnt in relation to theprinciples chosen.f. Conclusion.g. Bibliography.
LEADERBACKGROUND 5. Moshe Dayan was an Israeli militaryleader who later became icon for peace. He played a major role in seven warsand helped negotiate the Israel-Egypt peace treaty. He was born in 20thMay 1915 on Kibbutz Deganya Alef, near Lake Kinneret. He is the youngest sonfor his parents Shemuel and Devorah.
6. He was only 14 years old when he joinedthe Haganah, an underground organization that defended Jewish settlements fromArab attacks. In the Haganah, he learned guerilla warfare from British CaptainCharles Orde Wingate. He served with the special police force in the JezreelValley and Galilee during the riots of 1936-1939.
He was arrested andimprisoned for two years when the British outlawed the Haganah. He was releasedin 1941 and joined the British army where he served with the forces thatliberated Lebanon and Syria from Vichy France during World War II. He waswounded in battle in Lebanon and lost his left eye where he began to wear theblack eyepatch and later became his trademark. He cooperated with Britishintelligence to set up a broadcasting network for clandestine operations behindenemy lines in the event that Palestine should fall to the Germans. He remainedactive in the Haganah until 1948. 7.
In 1948 he was involved in War ofIndependence and commanded the defence of Jewish settlements in the JordanValley. He later commanded the battalion attacked the city of Lydda and helpedstop the progression of Egyptian forceson the southern Israel. He was appointed commander on the East Jerusalem wherehewas involved in negotiation with Abdullah el Tell, Jordanian Military Commanderof East Jerusalem without acknowledgement of his superior regarded Armistice Agreement. In 1949, he as head delegation inarmistice talks with Jordanian at Rhodes. Dayan’s military skill and experienceauthorized him as chief of operations at General Headquarters in 1952. Laterwith his ability and experience, he was elected Chief of Staff of the armedforces in 1953. 8. WhenDayan became Chief of Staff the Arab nation’s remained aggressive, still amaritime blockade, economic boycott, promoting political and propaganda warfareand supporting terrorism who against Israeli despite the military armistice of1949.
The Israeli government was unable to control the terrorist violence andto counter the terrorism. His military objective was to fight anoffensive war on enemy territory insteadof being dragged into a war on Israeli land. Hewas prepared the Israeli Defence Force by strengthened combat units, raisingthe intelligence and training branch, procured adequate equipment, emphasis ofstrike force and training the commando. Dayaninsisted on strong retaliation operations. He wanted to stop the Arab terrorismdue to his view was that the Arabs terrorism as a stage of war and need to stopproperly because he believed when terrorist attacks continued the Arabs willbuild up their military strength.
He wanted to force the Arabs into open battlebefore they gained full military power. Under his command Israeli no longerdefensive force and became offensive force. The Israeli military launched raidsin Gaza and other retaliatory missions causing heavy casualties and damage tothe Arab populations. After Egypt, Syria and Jordan signed a pact to destructIsrael October1956, he led Israel on Suez campaign that an invasion of theSinai Peninsula. 9.
Dayan left the military in 1958 and enteredhis political career. He joined Israel’s Labor Party, Mapai, and was elected tothe Knesset in 1959. During his political career, he appointed as Minister ofAgriculture under government of David Ben- Gurion from 1959 until 1964. In1964, After an argument with new Prime Minister Levi Eshkol, Dayan resigned asMinister of Agriculture and joined Ben-Gurion in forming Rafi (Israel’s WorkersParty). But, one year later, Dayan was reelected to the Knesset representingRafi, which later he rejoined the Labor Party. 10. Dayan’s reputation as an effective leadergrew when he was appointed Minister of Defence just in time for the Six-Day Warin 1967 Arabs.
Dayan directly made the decision and ordered to launch afull-scale attack against the Arabs. With his experience and decision Israelisucceed in this war just in six days. He also play a major role that ended thefighting by arranging a cease-fire with Arabs through the UN Observer Corps.
After the war, Dayan controlled theterritories occupied by the Israeli. He opened the borders for Arab residentsof the territories to travel to Arab countries while maintaining order andsecurity in Israeli-held areas. 11. Dayan made a demand construction ofYamit, a new Israeli port city in Egyptian territory in 1973. However, Egyptianforce launched a surprise attack against Israel before the Yamit progressed andYom Kippur War began. Dayan led the total Israeli’s failure Israeli on YomKippur War and resulted Israeli unable to afford and conduct a prolonged war becauseshort of equipment and recourse.
Although the cease-fire was declared onOctober 22 Israeli still received attack and was unprepared for the surpriseattack and unable to response it quickly. Dayan was blamed for this situationand public demanded his resignation. The Supreme Court set up a commission to investigatethe performance of generals during the war led the resignation of the Chief ofStaff.
However, Dayan submitted his resignation in 1974 after the press and thepublic, condemned him. 12. Despite the controversial situation ofthe Yom Kippur War in 1977, newly elected Prime Minister Menachem Begin gavehim a second chance by appointed him as Minister of Foreign Affairs.
With hisexperience and capability Begin believed he could significantly influenceIsrael’s moves towards in achieving a peace arrangement with Arabs. He begannegotiating with the Arabs with the basis of receiving an Arab acceptance of Judea,Samaria and Gaza as Israeli teritory, and return Sinai to Egypt. He negotiatedfor 18 months, and held secret meetings with officials in India, Iran, England andMorocco which lead a peace agreement was drawn up and signed at 11 p.m.
on 17 September1978. 13. In 1979, Dayan resigned as ForeignMinister when he disagreed about the building of settlements in the territoriespolicy and frustrated because he was not lead the autonomy talks with the Palestinians.He also upset with Begin that bypassed him as Capasit as Foreign Minister on foreignpolicy issues and he formed the Telem party in 1981. The party received onlytwo mandates in the subsequent elections. 14.
On 14 May1979, Dayan was diagnosed with coloncancer. He died on 16 October 1981 due to serious heart attack in Tel Aviv andwas buried in Nahalal, the place where he was raised. CHOSENPRINCIPLE 15. BE-KNOW-DO Leadership Model. TheBe-Know-Do Model of leadership has been introduce by Erick K. Shinseki who areretired General of United States Army during his appointment as Chief of Staff.It has been published in the United States Army Leadership Manual in year of1999.
The framework of this leadership model apply to all the leaders inmilitary no matter what position they are holding. The BE consist of the valueof the leader itself which consist of loyal, duty, selfless, respect, honor,and courage. This character or attribute of a leader is a basic foundation whereit show the ability to lead. The meaning of KNOW is a set of skills andknowledge that a leader must have which is interpersonal skill, conceptualskill, technical skill and tactical skill. All of this will be perfected withDO which is the act of a leader themselves that bring together what theybelieve and they know how to do to provide purpose, direction and motivation totheir man in achieving preferred goal. 16.
Thismodel of leadership suits perfectly for Moshe Dayan as it is an army conceptualguidance for being a good leader. All ofthe achievement that Dayan had during his life as a political and militaryleader is a proof for other leader to apply this leadership model in whateverappointment they hold. 17. BE. Moshe Dayan show thecharacter of a leader when he remain loyal to Israeli from the beginning of hismilitary career until he died.
He remain duty in service even though he wasnearly killed and lost his left eye. The negotiation in armistice agreement atRhodes show that Dayan was a respectful leader when he honor the treaty thatgives Israel a long term ceased fire with Jordan in 1949. After he was promotedto Chief of Staff, Dayan show the courage to change from a defensive anddiplomatic approach to an offensive military affair. 18. KNOW.
His experience andknowledge in guerilla warfare during his service in Haganah military undercovermade him the best candidate to lead the newly establish special force of IsraelDefense Force. The tactical skill shown during Six Day War prove to be thebiggest achievement for Dayan when Israel win a huge victory against Arabcountry in a very short time. He able to understand both own forces and enemyforces when he order a full-scale air offensive after he detected the adversaryweakness and achieve dominant air supremacy.
19. DO. Moshe Dayan ability toinfluence his subordinate and make them believe that peace can be achieve fortheir country is the reason behind his successful. By doing that, he was ableto motivate his forces to follow his path. POSITIVETRAITS 20. Opportunist.
He took the initiative to launch a full scale attack against Arabs (Egypt,Syria, Jordan, Iraq and Lebanon) during Six Day War from 5-10 June 1967. Theattack was successful within very short time. Hecarefully planned the war’ strategy, frequently rehearsed, and extraordinarilywell coordinated pre-emptive attack by the Israeli Air Force (IAF) on Arabsairfields and aircraft. the plan of attack was actually conceived four years earlier,in 1963.
The 0745 time-on-target first strike was chosen due to less alertnessafter the morning dawn patrols were over and most pilots and ground crews werebreakfasting. It also to give pilots and crew IAF have enough sleep time andapproximately start to work on 0400h which is good for down strike. Also, atthis time of year the heavy morning mist and completely clear by 0800hconsidered of the sun angle.
During 15 minutes before 0800h almost ArabCommander and key personal are on their way to work led great opportunity forIAF to attack. 21. Experience.
He was a commander who had a fantasticknowledge about own force and enemy. He was rise through lower rank untilbecame Israel Defence Force Chief of Staff. He was experienced militarypersonnel due to involve in battle field since he was 14 years old. He involvein seven wars during his life such as Arab Revolt in Palestine, World War II,Arab-Israel War, Suez Crisis, Six Day War, War of Attrition and Yom Kippur War.With his well experience in many wars he was appointed as Chief of Staff,Southern command, Northern Command and commander of 89th Battalion. 22. Courage.
He was upset after the failure of Israel against Syrian Army. He dare tochanged Israel in to an aggressive force with his commencement as Chief of Staff. Hismilitary objective was to fight an offensive war on enemy territory instead of being dragged into a war onIsraeli land. He was prepared the IsraeliDefence Force by strengthened combat units, raising the intelligence andtraining branch, procured adequate equipment, emphasis of strike force andtraining the commando. During Six Day War, the timing and tempo achieved in theopening air raids was perfect, with all Israeli aircraft in the first attack wavearriving at ten different Egyptian bases at precisely 0745. This excellenttiming continued with each ensuing attack wave arriving every ten minutes whichresulted Israeli tremendously win the war within six day destroyed almost ArabsCapability. 23.
Enthusiasm. He remains loyal and sacrifices toIsraeli from the beginning of his military career until he died. He joinedmilitary force at 14 years old and rises through the rank and became the Chiefof Staff which is highest rank in Israeli Defence Force. He was involved inmany wars during his military service. He remains his duty in duty even thoughhe was nearly killed and lost his left eye in one of the battle that he wasinvolved. He served for Israeli about 52 years until he died to make Israel oneof the most powerful country in the world.
NEGATIVETRAITS 24. Arrogant. Dayan is a symbol of anarrogant Israeli and over confident in achieving victory in every war heparticipated especially in the Six Day War. With his attitude and determinationthen led to Israel’s failure in the Yom Kippur War in 1973.
With his directiveand decision led to the total failure Israel might be affect from his confusingpredictions and mental health problems from the war that he involved. 25. Stubborn.He was disobeyed an order from his superior over Armistice Agreement. He wasinvolved in negotiation with Abdullah el Tell, Jordanian Military Commander ofEast Jerusalem without acknowledgement of his superior, Major-General ZviAyalon OC Central Command and found guilty by court-martialled.
He was demotedfrom Lieutenant Colonel to Major rank. This not prevents him from attending thearmistice negotiations on Rhodes. Finally, he was appointed head of all Israeli delegations to the Mixed ArmisticeCommission meetings. LESSONLEARNT IN RELATION TO THE PRINCIPLES CHOSEN 26.
Moshe Dayan self belonging to his countryis a recipe of successful in his military and political career. His leadershipattribute can be adapted to our RMAF officer to be implement. As a RMAF Officer,we should take Moshe Dayan as an example which he always placeserviceahead of his own self interests in many ways. Service before self does not meanyou stop taking care of your families. Our families are a critical element ofthe Air Force family. Our service should enhance their health; morale andwelfare not take away from it. While Air Force duties take up a large chunk ofour time, we must take every opportunity to spend time with our families andinvolve ourselves in their lives too. This principle of service before selfalso does not mean we as RMAF Officer should not pursue higher education,participate in off-duty activities or pursue personal and professionaldevelopment.
The Air Force desires well-rounded Officer who are physically,mentally and spiritually grounded. It is beneficial when these extra-curricularpursuits align with service and mission requirements. CONCLUSION 27. Asa conclusion, Moshe Dayan was one of the greatest military leaders in a world ofincessant small wars since World War II. He was not perfect, but no otherIsraeli was more responsible for bringing Israel through all its perils on thebrink of destruction to its present opportunity for peace through strength. 28. Lovehim or hate him, Dayan has shown the great achievement qualities during his career.Who else in Israel history has shown such courage, determination, leadership,patriotism and vision.
The great confidence and physical strength that drove himapparently also gave him a self-destructive feeling of invincibility. Leaderor ruler of an army or country needs to have democratic and diplomacy relationswith its area countries. This couldassist in developing its country from the social, economy and politicperspective while ensuring foreign investors invest in their country. However, Moshe dayan being a self-centredperson which did not care about this perspective. He change Israeli Defence force approach withits own perspective.
29. AlthoughIsrael was a small country initially. Dayan has transformed it to the powerfull military, he ensures his country is safe, strong and respected by others. Dayandoes this by concentrating strengthen Israel Defence Force. 30. In Israeli history, Dayan stands tall asone of the most important military and political figures to grace the nation.Despite his controversial nature, Dayan performed tasks not only as a militaryleader, but as a statesman as well.
Not only he did help a young Israelestablish its independence and safety at one point in his career, but he latertook on the task of guiding the still fledging nation during a very tumultuoustime period. Though not every Israeli citizen, or world citizen for thatmatter, agrees that Dayan made the right decisions, one thing is certain: hemade the decisions that he did without hesitance and with his nation’s bestinterests at heart. (3441 words) Jan 18 MOHD SUKRI BIN MD ZAINUNKapt TUDMSub Syndicate Group 2 LeaderSOC 89/18 BIBLIOGRAPHY/REFERENCES