Information § Cloud computing reduces IT infrastructure

Information systems has startedover 50 years ago and it over time, it has changed the way we do businessacross the globe.

It has facilitated us to communicate, manage and makeintelligent business decisions. Different technologies that are coming upchange and increase the productivity of an individual and the entireorganization. Keeping up with the latest technological trends is not only abusiness luxury but has become necessary to compete in the market, whereadapting to new technologies means growth. Some of the trends in information technology are asfollows1)  Cloud computing:Major services offeredby Cloud Computing could be diversified into Infrastructure as a Service(IaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS) and Software as a Service (SaaS).§  Cloud computing reduces ITinfrastructure cost of the company.§  Cloud computing enhances theconcept of virtualization which enables server and storage device to beutilized across organization.§  Cloud computing makes maintenanceof software and hardware easier as installation is not required on each enduser’s computer.

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Some issues concerning cloud computing are privacy,compliance, security, legal, abuse, IT governance, etc.2) Mobile application:Another emerging trend within informationtechnology is mobile applications (software application on Smart phone, tablet,etc.)Mobile application has become a success since itsintroduced. They are designed to run on Smartphone, tablets and other mobiledevices. They are available as a download from various mobile operating systemslike IOS, Blackberry, Nokia, etc. Some of the mobile app are available freewhere as some involve download cost.

The revenue collected is shared betweenapp distributor and app developer.3) Userinterfaces:User interface has undergone a revolution sinceintroduction of touch screen. The touch screen capability has revolutionizedway end users interact with application. Touch screen enables the user todirectly interact with what is displayed and also removes any intermediatehand-held device like the mouse.Touch screen capability is utilized in smartphones, tablet, information kiosks and other information appliances.4) Analytics:§  The field of analytics has shown growth in the field of data analytics,predictive analytics and social analytics. §  Data analytics is tool used to support decision-making process.

Itconverts raw data into meaningful information.§  Predictive analytics is tool used to predict future events based oncurrent and historical information.§  Social media analytics is tool used by companies to understand andaccommodate customer needs. Some of the Evolutions in information technologyare as followsUntil 1960’s Transaction processing systems – theseprocess data resulting from business transactions, update operationaldatabases, and produce business documents. Examples: sales and inventoryprocessing and accounting systems. In 1960’s Management information systems -provide information in the form of pre-specified reports and displays tosupport business decision making.

 Examples: sales analysis, productionperformance and cost trend reporting systems. In 1970’s Decision supportsystems – provide interactive ad hoc support for the decision-making processesof managers and other business professionals. Examples: product pricing,profitability forecasting and risk analysis systems.   In 1980’s Enterprise resource planningsystems.

 In 1990’sInternet and web enabled enterprisesystems. Internet and globally connected systems which facilitated greatmanagement tools in time and money.  References: http://managementstudyguide.com/emerging-trends-in-information-technology.htm

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