Indonesia’s right to moral leadership Possibility of

Indonesia’sNaming of Navy Ships In 2014, Indonesia named a new frigate KRI Usman Harun after two Indonesian marines executed in 1968 for a 1965 terror attack on MacDonald House in Orchard Road that killed three and injured 33 Part of Konfrontasi terror attacks and military action targeted at malaysia (singapore was part of malaysia at that time) Indonesian Foreign Minister Marty Natalegawa told the Singapore media that “no ill intent was meant, no malice, no unfriendly outlook” Singapore refused clemency appeals from Indonesia for the two marines who were trialed for murder and sentenced to death row. Pardoning them would have been to concede to the proposition that the small must always defer to the big, irretrievably compromising our sovereignty The episode of aggression towards its neighbours was a consequence of a powerful, self righteous thrust of Indonesian nationalism & widespread belief that because of its size, it has a right to moral leadership Possibility of a world war: Nuclear weapons North Korea South Korea, Japan and the United States have condemned North Korea for launching four ballistic missiles on Monday (Mar 6) morning, three of which Japan said landed in its exclusive economic zone (EEZ). Mr Abe told reporters: “The latest launches of ballistic missiles clearly demonstrate evidence of a new threat from North Korea.” South Korea’s Acting President Hwang Kyo Ahn lambasted North Korea’s missile launches in a national security meeting on Monday morning. “This is an act of outright defiance to the international society and a serious provocation,” NK has declared that its nuclear tests have given it the capability to create hydrogen bombs that can wipe out the whole territory of US all at once “The test was neither to ‘threaten’ anyone, not to ‘provoke’ someone for a certain purpose”, Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) said, adding that the purpose of the test was to provide a “sure guarantee” that hostile outside forces would not attack the North.

  South China Sea conflict China, Vietnam, the Philippines, Taiwan, Malaysia, Brunei fighting over sovereignty of ocean areas and 2 island chains: Paracel Islands and Spratly Islands Island chains have reserves of natural resources around them Sea is a major shipping route and home to fishing grounds UN Convention Law of the Sea (UNCLOS): China’s expansive claims to much of the South China Sea were not valid under international law But China rejected the verdict within hours of its publication — does not accept or recognise it  World war may not happen: Soft power Term coined by Joseph Nye Defined as a persuasive approach to international relations, typically involving the use of economic or cultural influence Soft power rests on 3 resources: culture, political values and foreign policies E.g. South Korea Hallyu Korean wave Engage with masses of young people to reduce anti-Korea sentiment Thru entertainment industry President Park Geun Hye has included attending Kpop music festivals as part of her state visits to foreign countries e.g. Mexico and Paris “KCON Paris 2016” was eld during President Park’s state visit to France to celebrate 130 years of diplomatic relationship between both countries Other countries more likely to give it support in terms of political solidarity; a useful counter-balance vis-à-vis (in relation to) North Korea   Regional diplomacy and international governing bodies Have the right to step in and act as a mediator to prevent it from escalating into a world war International organisations pledge to maintain peaceful relations with each other Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) comprises of 10 states in the Southeast Asian region, which signed the treaty of Amity and Cooperaoin at the First ASEAN Summit on 24 Feb 1976 Agreed on the settlement of differences and disputes peacefully, renunciation of threat or use of force and effective peaceful relations Intergovernmental organisations e.g. UN Peacekeeping and peacebuilding relations UN came into being in 1945, after the devastation of WWII

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