Iycee Charles de Gaulle Summary India with Brazilian artistes. There are numerous

India with Brazilian artistes. There are numerous

India Brazil Relations:

Historical Background:

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The
connection between India and Brazil is five-century old. Historical ties between both countries can be traced
back to the Asian migration to South America, that led to the evolution of the
indigenous people of Americas. Between the 16th -18th centuries, Brazil and
Goa, both under Portuguese imperialist outreach, had bilateral exchanges, which
reflected in the flora and fauna, food and dress as well as folk traditions of
Brazil. India’s contribution to farming in Brazil is significant, the bulk of
Brazilian cattle livestock is of Indian origin. Brazil still imports a major
portion of fresh embryos from India to rejuvenate its cattle breed. Indian
embassy opened in Rio de Janeiro on May 3, 1948, which later moved to Brasilia
on August 1, 1971. The Brazilian Embassy has in India has been functional since
1949 and has a Consulate General in Mumbai.

Indian Community in Brazil:

 The Indian
community NRIs in Brazil is small, numbering about 2000 persons. Many of them
live in Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Manuas. The community mainly comprises of
professionals and businessmen and some researchers in agriculture, physics,
etc.

Visas/Air links/travel:

Under
a bilateral agreement, diplomatic and official passport holders are exempted
from visa for a stay of maximum of 90 days. There are no direct flights between
India and Brazil. Favourable connections are however available via Europe
(London, Frankfurt, Paris, Amsterdam), the US (New York and Chicago) and via
Dubai.

Cultural Exchanges:

 There is huge Brazilian interest in Indian
culture, religion, performing arts and philosophy. The first forms of Indian
Culture to reach Brazil were related to spirituality, philosophy and religion.
Folkloric celebrations from India find affinity towards the jolly and colorful
nature of the festivities such as the typical dances and parades of north and
northeast of Brazil.

 The first classical art to come to Brazil were
Bharatanatyam dance, Odissi, Kathak and Kuchipudi. They gained popularity due
to the exoticism of costumes, ankle bells and, head dresses, impacting make-up
and angular postures. In classical music, Brazil’s share of classical music goes
beyond Sitar, Tabla and other instruments to create fusion music in collaboration
with Brazilian artistes. There are numerous organizations teaching Yoga, all
over Brazil, namely, Ramakrishna Mission, ISKCON to name a few.

Mahatma
Gandhi is highly respected in Brazil. Statues of the Mahatma have been
installed in Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo and Londrina. In recent years, frequent cultural
exchanges have taken place between the two governments. The Brazilian cultural group
gave a splendid performance in India in 2008 and a large group of Indian
artists gave several popular performances in Brazilian cities in May-June 2011.
A ten-day long Festival of India was organized by the Government of India in
Brasilia from August 31 to September 9, 2017, to celebrate 70 years of India’s
independence.

Indian
cinema is popular among Brazilian people. A commemorative stamp was issued by
the Brazilian Post in May 2014 on “100 years of Indian Cinema”. Several Brazilian
actresses and models have also worked in Bollywood. Caminhos das India (paths
of India), an Indian themed Brazilian soap opera inspired from Indian society,
is extremely popular in Brazil and is being re-telecast on the popular
Brazilian TV channel Globo.

 India-
Brazil Bilateral Two-way Investments:

 Investments
have been happening both ways between India and Brazil. While Brazilian
companies have invested in areas such as automobiles, IT, mining, energy,
biofuels, footwear sectors in India, the Indian companies have focused in
sectors such as IT, Pharmaceutical, Energy, agri-business, mining,
engineering/auto sectors. Major Indian companies in Brazil are such as TCS,
Wipro, Infosys, Cadilla, Mahindra, L, Renuka Sugars, United Phosphorus,
Polaris. The major Brazilian player operating in India are Marco Polo
(automobiles), Vale (biggest mining company), Stefanini (IT), Gerdau (Steel).

Trade Figures – 2016 (USD in Billion)

 

Export

Import

Total

Growth % of Export

Growth % of Import

Brazil’s trade with India

3.161

2.482

5.644

-12.61

-42.12

Brazil’s total global Trade

185.235

137.552

322.787

-3.09

-19.77

 

Defence:

 Brazil and India signed an agreement in 2003
for defence cooperation which was ratified by Brazil in 2006. The agreement
calls for cooperation in defence related matters, especially in the field of
Research and Development, acquisition and logistic support between the two
countries. Defence Wing was established in the Embassy of India, Brasilia on 24
December 2007 and Brazil opened its Defence Wing in the Embassy of Brazil, New
Delhi on 14 April 2009.

ITEC Programme:

About
55 Brazilians went to India under ITEC programme to get trained in
communications, management, defence etc. in the last eight years. ITEC courses are
gaining popularity amongst Brazilians, and many students have enrolled for the
current session.