India with Brazilian artistes. There are numerous

India Brazil Relations:Historical Background:Theconnection between India and Brazil is five-century old. Historical ties between both countries can be tracedback to the Asian migration to South America, that led to the evolution of theindigenous people of Americas. Between the 16th -18th centuries, Brazil andGoa, both under Portuguese imperialist outreach, had bilateral exchanges, whichreflected in the flora and fauna, food and dress as well as folk traditions ofBrazil. India’s contribution to farming in Brazil is significant, the bulk ofBrazilian cattle livestock is of Indian origin.

Brazil still imports a majorportion of fresh embryos from India to rejuvenate its cattle breed. Indianembassy opened in Rio de Janeiro on May 3, 1948, which later moved to Brasiliaon August 1, 1971. The Brazilian Embassy has in India has been functional since1949 and has a Consulate General in Mumbai.Indian Community in Brazil: The Indiancommunity NRIs in Brazil is small, numbering about 2000 persons. Many of themlive in Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Manuas. The community mainly comprises ofprofessionals and businessmen and some researchers in agriculture, physics,etc.

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Visas/Air links/travel: Undera bilateral agreement, diplomatic and official passport holders are exemptedfrom visa for a stay of maximum of 90 days. There are no direct flights betweenIndia and Brazil. Favourable connections are however available via Europe(London, Frankfurt, Paris, Amsterdam), the US (New York and Chicago) and viaDubai.Cultural Exchanges: There is huge Brazilian interest in Indianculture, religion, performing arts and philosophy. The first forms of IndianCulture to reach Brazil were related to spirituality, philosophy and religion.Folkloric celebrations from India find affinity towards the jolly and colorfulnature of the festivities such as the typical dances and parades of north andnortheast of Brazil. The first classical art to come to Brazil wereBharatanatyam dance, Odissi, Kathak and Kuchipudi.

They gained popularity dueto the exoticism of costumes, ankle bells and, head dresses, impacting make-upand angular postures. In classical music, Brazil’s share of classical music goesbeyond Sitar, Tabla and other instruments to create fusion music in collaborationwith Brazilian artistes. There are numerous organizations teaching Yoga, allover Brazil, namely, Ramakrishna Mission, ISKCON to name a few. MahatmaGandhi is highly respected in Brazil. Statues of the Mahatma have beeninstalled in Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo and Londrina.

In recent years, frequent culturalexchanges have taken place between the two governments. The Brazilian cultural groupgave a splendid performance in India in 2008 and a large group of Indianartists gave several popular performances in Brazilian cities in May-June 2011.A ten-day long Festival of India was organized by the Government of India inBrasilia from August 31 to September 9, 2017, to celebrate 70 years of India’sindependence.

Indiancinema is popular among Brazilian people. A commemorative stamp was issued bythe Brazilian Post in May 2014 on “100 years of Indian Cinema”. Several Brazilianactresses and models have also worked in Bollywood. Caminhos das India (pathsof India), an Indian themed Brazilian soap opera inspired from Indian society,is extremely popular in Brazil and is being re-telecast on the popularBrazilian TV channel Globo. India-Brazil Bilateral Two-way Investments: Investmentshave been happening both ways between India and Brazil. While Braziliancompanies have invested in areas such as automobiles, IT, mining, energy,biofuels, footwear sectors in India, the Indian companies have focused insectors such as IT, Pharmaceutical, Energy, agri-business, mining,engineering/auto sectors.

Major Indian companies in Brazil are such as TCS,Wipro, Infosys, Cadilla, Mahindra, L, Renuka Sugars, United Phosphorus,Polaris. The major Brazilian player operating in India are Marco Polo(automobiles), Vale (biggest mining company), Stefanini (IT), Gerdau (Steel).Trade Figures – 2016 (USD in Billion)   Export Import Total Growth % of Export Growth % of Import Brazil’s trade with India 3.161 2.

482 5.644 -12.61 -42.12 Brazil’s total global Trade 185.235 137.552 322.

787 -3.09 -19.77  Defence: Brazil and India signed an agreement in 2003for defence cooperation which was ratified by Brazil in 2006. The agreementcalls for cooperation in defence related matters, especially in the field ofResearch and Development, acquisition and logistic support between the twocountries.

Defence Wing was established in the Embassy of India, Brasilia on 24December 2007 and Brazil opened its Defence Wing in the Embassy of Brazil, NewDelhi on 14 April 2009. ITEC Programme: About55 Brazilians went to India under ITEC programme to get trained incommunications, management, defence etc. in the last eight years.

ITEC courses aregaining popularity amongst Brazilians, and many students have enrolled for thecurrent session.

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