Increase was called Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program
Increase in knowledge,changes in behavior, improved health management and changes in lifestyle weresome of the information type to be gathered in Evaluation studies (Green &Kreuter, 2000). The outcome has to do with an evaluative deliberation of theeffects whether the activities of a program met its identified program’sobjectives upon conducting it.
To such extent, a socialdevelopment program was applied in 2008 in the Philippines. This socialdevelopment program was called Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program or 4Ps—aPhilippine version of Conditional Cash Transfer Program adapted from some SouthAmerican Developing Countries.4Ps provides cashtransfers to poor households, conditional upon investments in child educationand health as well as use of maternal health services. The objective of theprogram is to promote investments in the education and health of children tohelp break the intergenerational transmission of poverty, while providingimmediate financial support to the household. Poor households are identified by the National Household TargetingSystem for Poverty Reduction (NHTS-PR) based on a transparent poverty targetingmechanism, using a statistical model toestimate income. In addition, a World BankEvaluation Study published in January 22, 2013 revealed that although the studyfound that the cash grants were reaching beneficiaries, the study did not findan overall increase in per capita consumption among the poor benefiting fromthe program, although there was some evidence that poor households are savingmore in certain provinces.
The lack of effects on mean consumption is notunusual for CCT programs at a relatively early stage of implementation withprograms finding impact on mean consumption as the program matures. Theestimated per capita consumption per day reported by the sampled households wasPhP 46 per day in both program and non-program barangays, while programbeneficiaries in the study reported receiving PhP 5 per day (equivalent to US$0.11 a day), representing approximately 11 percent of the households’ percapita consumption. However,the study conducted by Nazmul Chaudhury, Jed Friedman and Junko Onishi titledPhilippines Conditional Cash Transfer Program Impact Evaluation 2012 funded bythe World Bank, found out some points to a number of policy implications: toimprove educational outcomes for older children, additional measures such asexpanding the age of coverage of 4Ps,increasing the grant amount for older children, and parallel supply-sideinterventions in the education sector are required; currently households can beenrolled in the program for a maximum of five years. Expanding the duration of coverage will notonly help to keep children in school longer, it will also help to increasehousehold consumption; linkages and coordination with health service providersneed to be strengthened to ensure that beneficiary mothers and children receivethe services they require and to ensure a continuum of care; it is important toconsider ways in which other social programs that may have a long-term impacton the welfare of the poor could takeadvantage of 4Ps’ strong and effectivesocial mobilization structure; and, to ensure more efficient programimplementation, the reasons for differences in program impact acrossgeographical areas must be better identified and understood.Although a nationalresearch has been conducted for this Philippine version of CCT Program, aprovincial level study must be conducted because the impacts differ byprovinces.
Moreover, the study’s result also suggests a thorough impact studyat provincial level because the sampling technique was not designed to bestatistically representative at the provincial level.Therefore, it should benoted that although 3.5 years of program implementation is generally consideredtime to observe impacts on short-term outcomes, it is not long enough to assessits effectiveness on outcome measures.