In 2,000 migrants to Europe sank in

In small Pacific islands,these changes include sea level rise, coastal erosion, increased incidence ofdrought, coral bleaching, and storm surges (Mimura et al.

, 2007) i.e. Tuvaluwhich was the first recognised incidence of human experienced climate changeaffecting livelihood of it’s inhabitants and their inability to preventcatastrophy. These first climate refugees were pinned as an example to thewestern world which would hopefully finally understand the great pressureswhich have been put on island nations in the face of climate change, howevernothing has changed.  Europe,geographically is central to many high risk areas of the globe i.e. Africa,south east Europe and the Middle East. Europe is also seen to have a relativelystable economy with good education, healthcare and welfare systems and due tothis has become a somewhat idealised heaven for many migrants.

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However Europeexperienced the largest influx of migrants at the beginning of 2015, whenrising numbers of people arrived in the (EU), travelling across the Mediterranean Sea or overland through Southeast Europe.According to the UNHigh Commissioner for Refugees,the top three nationalities of entrants of the over one million MediterraneanSea arrivals between January 2015 and March 2016 were Syrian (46.7%), Afghan (20.

9%)and Iraqi (9.4%)due to the war and the emergence of the Arab spring. The number of deaths atsea rose to record levels in April 2015, when five boats carrying almost 2,000migrants to Europe sank in the Mediterranean Sea, with a combined death toll estimated at more than1,200 people.  The total number of forcibly displaced people worldwideat the end of 2014 was almost 60 million, the highest level since World War II.The European Union governments refused to fund the Italian-run rescueoption OperationMare Nostrum. In the first six monthsof 2015, Greece overtook Italy as the first EU country of arrival, becoming, inthe summer 2015, the starting point of a flow of refugees and migrants movingthrough Balkan countries to Northern European countries, mainly Germany and Sweden. TheEuropean Union has struggled to cope with the crisis, increasing funding forborder patrol operations in the Mediterranean, devising plans to fight migrant smuggling, search and rescue missions and in providingbasic housing and food for these migrants when they arrive.

Individualcountries have at times reintroduced border controls within the Schengen Area,and rifts have emerged between countries willing to allow entry of asylum-seekersfor processing of refugee claims and others countries trying to discouragetheir entry for processing. According to Eurostat, EUmember states received over 1.2million first-time asylum applications in 2015, more than double that of theprevious year. More than 1 million migrants crossed the Mediterranean Sea in 2015, sharply dropping to 364,000 in2016. If the refugee crisis of 2015 – now was anything to learn from we nowknow that without the correct infrastructure, policy and organisation anotherrefugee crisis this time due to climate would cause havoc in Europe bothpolitically, financially and morally for the politicians governing thesecountries.

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