Imagine body cannot do their jobs. So,

 Imagine the end of a shoelace, it has that plastic coating covering the end of the lace. Well now in our bodies we have stands of DNA containing our genes and just like a shoelace the it has an end.

That end is called Telomeres. Telomeres hold the stand ends together so that the DNA chromosomes can do their job efficiently. (T.A. Science, www.

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tasciencecom/whatisatelomere) If the telomeres become damaged the cells in out body cannot do their jobs. So, when you have stress and abuse in a child’s life this can play a huge factor in the damaging of the telomere.There are new studies linking the molecular substrates of cells and the stress related aging processes over a lifespan with the deteriorating of the telomeres. When child at a young age experience such hardships like stress, abuse, and or even live in a bad environment. Those children most likely to have some sort of mental health illnesses (Shalev I., Etringer S., Wadhwa P.D.

, Wolkowitz O.M., Puterman E., Lin J., and Epel S., 2013).

Cawthon (2002) was first to pioneer this new study by measuring the blood cell levels and the rate of mortality with increased controls in the natural observation experimental trials. The study has evolved into several different outcomes. One of the outcome was that if exposed to stress at a young age in life, the telomeres start to denigrate causing damage to the telomeres length.

The shorter the telomere the increased chance of mental illness. This was the gateway to the new way of measuring the blood leukocytes (Mason P., and Perdigones N. 2013).When presented with empirical evidence of stress-related circumstances, i.

e. dealing with childhood trauma at an early age or any form of abuse, caused the shortening of the telomeres and could possibly increase the chance of advanced chronological aging, along with increased disease morbidity andmortality. When the telomere is shortened, it could potentially determine whether or not you could end up with mental illness in adult years (Shalev I., Etringer S., Wadhwa P.D., Wolkowitz O.M.

, Puterman E., Lin J., and Epel S.

, 2013).For example, a mother pregnant with her second child dealing with her first child who is disabled child. She accumulates all that stress and transfer it to the unborn fetus. That fetus now has some deteriorating telomeres.

Therefor this newborn could potentially have mental illnesses later in life. Certain environmental behaviors such as children living with parents who are stricken with drug addiction experience huge amount of stress ( Mason P.,and Perdigones N., 2013).

For instance, stressed about the getting their next meal, or if the parents are too high and become angered with them. This also results in the chances of mental illness. As an adult, the effects of his childhood experiences may end up just like is parents or even worse with extreme mental health illnesses.

Some of these behaviors caused by the shortening of the telomeres include depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, etc. However, this process may further the negative effects of stress on telomeres. To better understand the mechanisms that govern and regulate telomere biology throughout the life span could inform us on the etiology and the long-term side effects that stress and mental illness cause in the aging process in our ever-growing diverse population (Shalev I., Etringer S., Wadhwa P.

D., Wolkowitz O.M., Puterman E., Lin J., and Epel S., 2013).

I can now make a connection on how this real-life experience I know and understand the child’s behavior and reasoning on why she is acting this why. For instance, when her parents became stricken with the disease of addiction. Some actions had to be taken in the protection of the child. So, the Child Protective Services were called stepped into the picture. They ruled the parents unfit and that child was removed from the home. Now, that is in an unknown family where she is probably home sick and missing her parents.

This now has turned into separation issues along with sadness and conflicting feeling when placed with complete strangers. As a result, this child becomes starts acting out in behaviors just to receive attention. Once the court grants visitation, that now causes more issues. When the child only getsto see her parents for only an hour then has to go back to the foster family which she was placed makes it worse. if her parents don’t go through the proper procedures to regain the custody of the child? That child now has to go through the stress of the adoption process and or wait and go through multiple foster families. Now they went from visits not no visits and tis child is wondering why she is not seeing her parents at all.

When you have all these factors in play, you may have some degree of mental illness to cope with in life. Some of the steps that are helping combat theses illnesses are the child therapists. As an adult the world of mental health medicine has come out the different medicines to help cope with the health issues. It could be as simple as changing the environment which the child is in.

When you have both nature and nurture in play when you’re talking about children makes it hard to pin point either one. You can say it genetics and you can say environment. If we can change new born state of environment when this child reaches adult hood, we can potentially change the telomeres biology to combat the shortening telomeres and reducing the chances of the hereditary mental illnesses so we can promote a healthy lifestyle and increase the number of people with longer telomeres in adulthood.


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