Heredity vs. Environment Essay
When adopting parents and in the process of adopting a kid, they probably have a million questions on their mind stressing them out, but one thing that can’t escape their mind is whether the child came from a healthy family. Is it really necessary to worry about the child’s biological background? Some argue that the adopting parent should be worried because they think people behave as they do according to genetic predisposition”, but others argue that the adopting parents have no needs to worry over that because people think and act in certain ways because they are taught to do so. ut others believe that people in certain ways because they are taught to do so. The nature vs.
nurture argument has been going on for a few decades, and yet no one was able to come up with a solution. As parents, it is their responsibility to care for their child, and it is very natural to worry about their kid. For this particular topic, there is a need to worry about the child’s biological background, but for the most part, it is going to depend on how they are going to raise the child in the future.Physical appearance is one of the factors that adopting parents should be worrying about because according to scientists, “traits such as eye color and hair color are determined by specific genes encoded in each human cell” (Powell, 2012). One example that proves people get their physical appearance from their biological parents is to go and examine other kids and their parents.
There is always one characteristic if not more in the kid that is similar to their parents. And this is also why twins also look so much alike, and even has similar behaviors.Although some adopting parents might not care about their kid’s physical appearance, one of the most important things to worry about is their health. “Heredity’s role in both physical and mental disorders is largely one of inherited predisposition” (Heredity versus environment), meaning mutant genes would distort body’s biochemical systems, which reduces one’s resistance to a particular disorder. There are already findings saying that “some 80 percent of a person’s risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease is genetic” (Bryner, 2006).Genetics also influence alcoholism.
A study done in 2006 by a team led by Susan Bergeson at the University of Texas at Austin found 20 gene candidates that could influence excessive drinking, with another professor anticipating that more candidates will be found in the next decade. Even though health is the most important part of the child’s life, it doesn’t mean nothing can be done about it. To prevent the child from becoming an alcoholic, the adopting parents could just try to prevent the child from ever getting near alcohol.
To prevent the child from having diseases and disorders, the adopting parents could give the child a more balanced healthy life, and take the child for yearly checkup so if diseases or disorders does occur, there would be a high chance of recovering. Now as the introduction mentioned, for the most part, it is going to depend on how the adopting parents raise their child. If the adopting parents are worried about the child’s biological background, they need to understand that the child doesn’t inherit everything from their parent, for example personality, which changes depending on the environment and the way the child is raised.B. F.
Skinner, who came up with the learning theory also developed the operant conditioning, which means learning can be programmed by the consequence that follows the behaviour. When children are born, they all have good traits and bad traits. Good traits are encouraged by being rewarded every time it is shown, and bad traits are usually minimized by being punished when shown. A child with good traits that live in an encouraging environment would achieve higher in life than a child with good traits but lives in a poor environment like poverty and crime. Personality is changeable depending on the child’s surrounding environment, and the way the child was raised. Bruce H. Lipton who wrote a book called “the Biology of Belief” has mentioned that “young children carefully observe their environment and download the worldly wisdom offered by parents directly into their subconscious memory.
As a result their parents’ behaviour and beliefs become their own” (Lipton). When kids are still young, their conscious mind hasn’t fully developed yet, therefore they are not able to consider whether their parents’ actions and sayings are true or not.Once the parents’ actions are in their mind, they will assume it is the right thing to do or say, and that will shape their behaviour throughout their life. In conclusion, adopting parents should be worried about the child’s biological background because heredity plays a big role on the child’s physical appearance as well as physical and mental health. But adopting parents should also strive as much as possible to give the child a comfortable and friendly environment, and also raise the child with love and respect.Just like Stephen Suomi said, “You cannot prejudge anyone at birth.
No matter what your genetic background, a negative characteristic you are born with may turn out to be an advantage” (Underwood, 1997). Even if adopted children have horrific biological backgrounds, they can still become successful in the future as long as they are taken care of and loved by their adopted parents.References: Bryner, J. (2006, July 19). Live science.
Retrieved from http://www. livescience. om/4168-nature-nurture-mysteries-individuality-unraveled. html Heredity vs. Environment Lipton, B.
The biology of belief. Powell, K. (2010, July 19). genealogy. about. com. Retrieved from http://genealogy. about.
com/cs/geneticgenealogy/a/nature_nurture. htm Underwood, A. (1997, February 28).
Shyness, sadness, curiosity, joy. is it nature or nurture?. Retrieved from http://www. thedailybeast. com/newsweek/1997/02/28/shyness-sadness-curiosity-joy-is-it-nature-or-nurture. html