Guyana Essay, Research Paper
Guyana Guyana is a state located on the northern seashore of South America. It is bounded on the North by theAtlantic Ocean and on the E by Suriname. On the south side Guyana is bordered by Brazil, and on thewest side is Brazil and Venezuela. Guyana achieved its independency on May 26, 1966 when it broke awayfrom Britain. Land and ResourcesGuyana has three different major geographical parts. These consist of a belt of dirt whichranges from five to forty stat mis, a dense forest country which makes up about four-fifths of the state anda part of savanna. The state besides has many rivers that have some dramatic waterfalls and one riverhas the highest single-drop waterfall in the universe. These rivers are navigable from the sea to about one-hundred stat mis inland, after that they are no longer navigable due to rapids and falls. Natural ResourcesThe lands of Guyana have many valuable natural resources. Within the lands you can happen gold, diamonds, china clay, manganese and bauxite. If you were to go a small ways off shore, you could alsolocate some crude oil. These natural resources are really of import in assisting out the economic system of this poorcountry. The lands have much resource besides found in the flora and the woods. The workss and treesare documented for their unnatural size and denseness. Guyana has an first-class timber industry, they sellsome of the finest greenheart every bit good as mora. Within the woods are a large assortment of wildlife which canrange from cervid to anteater and a few types of monkeys. The birds are really diverse, they consist of forexample sugarbirds, chatterer and mannequins all which feed on Guyana & # 8217 ; s huge array of insects. Population, Education and CultureGuyana has an estimated 800,000 people or on an norm of 3.8 people per square stat mi. Georgetownis the capital and it holds a few hundred thousand people. Bing the capital, it is the chief port cityand holds the major educational establishment in Guyana. The University of Guyana is the best highereducation and there are many schools throughout the state. In the past few old ages the state has takeneducation to much higher degree. Guyana was settled by East Indians, many still speak Urdu, Hindu and Tamil idioms. The officiallanguage is English. The civilization is near to the Suriname and French Guiana than to the remainder of SouthAmerica. All of these assorted civilizations have remained reasonably distinguishable and in today s society each grouphas its ain manner of life and civilization. EconomyIn 1966, Guyana was in the early phases of developing its resources. The British drew up aneconomic program to go on development with the aid of experts from the United States every bit good as Canada. The economic system in the late 1980 s was dominated chiefly by agribusiness and service industries. Theseindustries pulled in an mean gross of about 164 million dollars per twelvemonth and an averageexpenditure of 284 million dollars per twelvemonth. The agribusiness is about one-quarter of the states gross domestic merchandise. Sugar and itsby-products and rice history for most of the exports. Coconuts, java, citrous fruit fruits & # 8217 ; , maize and othertropical fruits and veggies are grown chiefly for ingestion. Another major harvest that is raised on theplush savanna lands arelivestock such as cowss, pigs, sheep and poulet. Along the seashore is where much of the cultivation takes topographic point. The enormous strips of alluvial
dirt are really rich in foods. A large job that
these coastal lands see are much flooding andirrigation problems such as drainage. This happens because much of this land is below the high-tide markof the sea and the rivers. Guyanian government is trying to help this problem by reclaiming some land forcultivation. MiningBauxite is one of Guyana s major elements. They are a very big producer of this as well as gold,manganese and diamonds which I mentioned earlier. Manufacturing and EnergyManufacturing is limited to food products, beverages, construction materials, clothing, soap andcigarettes. In the late 1980 s they installed some new technology such as electricity which was generatedthrough thermal facilities. They also have a great capacity for generating hydroelectricity. TransportationThe country has about 6000 miles of road which are mainly near the coast. They have about 70miles of railroad tracks in use and their main seaports are in Georgetown and New Amsterdam. The riversystem are a major part in the route to the interior. Guyana has a national airline called Guyana Airwayswhich services domestic as well as international flights. GovernmentThe country is governed under a constitution which was adopted in 1980. Thehead of state as well as the chief executive is a president. He is elected into a five year term by theNational Assembly. The cabinet is appointed by the President and ran by the Prime Minister.The legislature is controlled by the unicameral National Assembly which consists of 12 members,nonelected. The other 53 members are elected to a five-year term. The Judiciary is based on Englishcommon and statute law. The Supreme court is divided into branches which are a court of appeal as well asa high court. The Local Government is divided into ten different regions and each is governed by acouncil. HistoryIn 1499, Spanish explorers charted what is now Guyana. The British held possession in 1814 butdid not gain control until 1831. During the British rule, the Native American population was reduced to aminority due to a large influx of African and East Indian peoples. In 1928, Guyana received its firstconstitution under the British administration. In 1961 they received a full internal self government. Under the leadership of Cheddi Jagan, thePPP gained majority in the legislature. Jagan made a poor call in 1962 which caused mad riots and astrike. He made a program of complete economic austerity. The British sent in their troops and gainedcontrol to make order once again. The British and Guyanese in 1962-1963 held conferences. The PPP lost to the majority and theBritish introduced the Peoples National Congress to form a coalition government. In 1965, a conference met and a new constitution was formed. In 1966, Guyana was an independentnation. They joined the United Nations and they became amember of the Caribbean Free Trade Area. In February 1970, Guyana was proclaimed a republic under the newpresident Arthur Chung.In the 1970 s, diplomatic relations were gained with China. By 1976 the country aimed for a selfsufficiency in agriculture. In 1974, the government gained control of all foreign trade. In anticipation of a new constitution, the National Assembly extended the five year limit . A newsocialist constitution was in effect by 1980 and the PNC regained control of the assembly under theleadership of Desmond Hoyte. He controlled until 1992 until an international election. Jagan regainedcontrol and put his party, the People s Progressive Party back into power.